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Natural Justice

Ken Binmore

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This book attempts to create an evolutionary theory of fairness. Sharing food is commonplace in the animal kingdom because it insures animals that share against hunger. Anthropologists report that ... More


The Controversy

Gordon Campbell, Thomas N. Corns, John K. Hale, and Fiona J. Tweedie

in Milton and the Manuscript of De Doctrina Christiana

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199296491
eISBN:
9780191711923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296491.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Milton Studies

This chapter covers the discovery of the manuscript, its initial attribution, the controversy that this provoked, and the controversy which developed towards the end of the last century.


Babylon

Wallace Matson

in Grand Theories and Everyday Beliefs: Science, Philosophy, and their Histories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812691
eISBN:
9780199919420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812691.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Organic Darwinian evolution is over, having been brought to an end by the vast explosion of technology that enables people to determine which species shall survive and which perish. This includes the ... More


Conclusion?

Wallace Matson

in Grand Theories and Everyday Beliefs: Science, Philosophy, and their Histories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812691
eISBN:
9780199919420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812691.003.0025
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Humankind, still adapted to the hunter-gatherer life, has moved with astonishing speed into an utterly different lifestyle, offering numerous advantages but also multiplying dangers: civilization. ... More


Introduction

Nicholas P. Cushner

in Why Have You Come Here?: The Jesuits and the First Evangelization of Native America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195307566
eISBN:
9780199784936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195307569.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The purpose of this book is to explain how Christianity replaced Native American belief systems in 16th-century America. The use of the confessionario was important in Christian evangelization but ... More


Materials for an Epidemiology of Culture

David Wengrow

in The Origins of Monsters: Image and Cognition in the First Age of Mechanical Reproduction

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159041
eISBN:
9781400848867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159041.003.0003
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter examines composite animals as counterfactual images by focusing on a school of evolutionary psychology called the “epidemiology of culture.” Experimental studies show that the cognitive ... More


The Hidden Shaman: Fictive Anatomy in Paleolithic and Neolithic Art

David Wengrow

in The Origins of Monsters: Image and Cognition in the First Age of Mechanical Reproduction

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159041
eISBN:
9781400848867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159041.003.0004
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter considers the case for a much earlier beginning to the composite's story, among the hunter-gatherers and villagers of remote prehistory. It has been suggested that “imaginary animals,” ... More


The Cognitive Basis of Science

Peter Carruthers

in The Architecture of the Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207077
eISBN:
9780191708909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207077.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter sketches a modularist account of the human capacity for abduction (or ‘inference to the best explanation’), which Fodor has argued must provide a decisive stumbling block to progress in ... More


The Golden Rule

Ken Binmore

in Natural Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter reviews the relevant anthropology, starting with the apparent universality of the golden rule — do as you would be done by — in hunter-gatherer societies. It points out that all pure ... More


Going Over: The Mesolithic-Neolithic Transition in North-West Europe

Alasdair Whittle and Vicki Cummings (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264140
eISBN:
9780191734489
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264140.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

The processes involved in the transformation of society from Mesolithic hunter-gatherers to Neolithic farmers were complex. They involved changes not only in subsistence but also in how people ... More


The Jeremiad and the Culture Wars

Andrew R. Murphy

in Prodigal Nation: Moral Decline and Divine Punishment from New England to 9/11

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195321289
eISBN:
9780199869855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195321289.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

In his noted book Culture Wars, James Davison Hunter referred to a series of linked disputes in late 20th‐century American society, disputes that involve government but are at their root about ... More


Topsy-Turvy: Separate Paths Since the Early 1970s

Philip Lambert

in To Broadway, To Life!: The Musical Theater of Bock and Harnick

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195390070
eISBN:
9780199863570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390070.003.0009
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition, Popular

This final chapter surveys the separate professional lives of Bock and Harnick since their partnership dissolved in the early 1970s. Jerry Bock has worked as his own lyricist and written songs for ... More


Introduction: transitions and transformations

Alasdair Whittle and Vicki Cummings

in Going Over: The Mesolithic-Neolithic Transition in North-West Europe

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264140
eISBN:
9780191734489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264140.003.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This introductory chapter begins with a brief discussion of the significance of the transition from hunter-gatherer existence to farming society. It raises the following question: What if we started ... More


From Mesolithic to Neolithic modes of thought

Alan Barnard

in Going Over: The Mesolithic-Neolithic Transition in North-West Europe

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264140
eISBN:
9780191734489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264140.003.0002
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter begins by outlining two proposed modes of thought, which are characterized by opposite perceptions in at least four domains: saving versus consumption (which reflect notions of time and ... More


Neolithic fragrances: Mesolithic-Neolithic interactions in western France

Grégor Marchand

in Going Over: The Mesolithic-Neolithic Transition in North-West Europe

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264140
eISBN:
9780191734489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264140.003.0012
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter considers the Neolithic transition of western France through the relationships between communities of hunter-gatherers and those of farmers. The intention is not so much to place farming ... More


Changing places: monuments and the Neolithic transition in western France

Chris Scarre

in Going Over: The Mesolithic-Neolithic Transition in North-West Europe

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264140
eISBN:
9780191734489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264140.003.0013
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

The suggestion that monuments were not a feature of the initial Neolithic poses anew the question of the Mesolithic contribution to the earliest Neolithic of Atlantic Europe. Put bluntly, are these ... More


The neolithisation of the Scheldt basin in western Belgium

Philippe Crombé and Bart Vanmontfort

in Going Over: The Mesolithic-Neolithic Transition in North-West Europe

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264140
eISBN:
9780191734489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264140.003.0014
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter focuses on the neolithization process in two different landscape zones of the Scheldt basin extending over western Belgium: first, the northern coversand lowland bordering the Atlantic ... More


The Mesolithic-Neolithic transition in western Scotland: a review and new evidence from Tiree

Steven Mithen, Anne Pirie, Sam Smith, and Karen Wicks

in Going Over: The Mesolithic-Neolithic Transition in North-West Europe

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264140
eISBN:
9780191734489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264140.003.0025
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

Although both the Mesolithic and Neolithic of western Scotland have been studied since the early 20th century, our knowledge of both periods remains limited, as does our understanding of the ... More


From fish and seal to sheep and cattle: new research into the process of neolithisation in northern Germany

Sönke Hartz, Harald Lübke, and Thomas Terberger

in Going Over: The Mesolithic-Neolithic Transition in North-West Europe

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264140
eISBN:
9780191734489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264140.003.0027
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

The border between the Mesolithic and the Neolithic in Central Europe is traditionally defined on the basis of subsistence strategy. It is the development from hunter-gatherer groups in the forests ... More


The domestication of the earth: humans and environments in pre-industrial times

Ian Simmons

in A Century of British Geography

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262863
eISBN:
9780191734076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262863.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Population and Demography

The domestication of the earth entails the enfolding of ‘nature’ into human life and society. This chapter focuses on the millennia of the Holocene, when human societies consisted of food collectors ... More


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