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Names are Thicker than Blood: Kinship and Ownership amongst the Iatmul

Andrew Moutu

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197264454
eISBN:
9780191760501
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264454.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This book is an ethnographic study of kinship and the nature and behaviour of ownership amongst the much-studied Sepik River Iatmul people. Until very recently, anthropology has remained a Western ... More


From Experiential-based to Relational-based Forms of Social Organization: A Major Transition in the Evolution of Homo sapiens

Dwight Read

in Social Brain, Distributed Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264522
eISBN:
9780191734724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264522.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

The evolutionary trajectory from non-human to human forms of social organization involves change from experiential- to relational-based systems of social interaction. Social organization derived from ... More


People, Plants and Genes: The Story of Crops and Humanity

Denis J Murphy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199207145
eISBN:
9780191708893
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207145.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This book provides an overview of human-plant interactions and their social consequences, from the hunter-gatherers of the Palaeolithic Era to the 21st century molecular manipulation of crops. It ... More


Ancestral Human Society

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter examines the notion that humans became cooperative because in our ancestral environments we interacted frequently with the same group of close kin, among whom tit-for-tat and other ... More


The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music

Isabelle Peretz and Robert J. Zatorre (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525202
eISBN:
9780191689314
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525202.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

Music offers a unique opportunity to understand better the organization of the human brain. Like language, music exists in all human societies. Like language, music is a complex, rule-governed ... More


Animals as Part of the Environment

Rosemary Rodd

in Biology, Ethics, and Animals

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240525
eISBN:
9780191680199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240525.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The idea that the problem of how we ought to behave towards other animals is merely a part of the question of our relationship with nature leads us to confusion and muddled thinking. Concerns about ... More


Introduction

Aniruddh D. Patel

in Music, Language, and the Brain

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195123753
eISBN:
9780199848034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195123753.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

According to Nettl in 2000, both language and music, regardless of the cultural aspects that are absent within a particular society such as perhaps the notion of numbers and counting, serve as traits ... More


Introduction: The Adaptive Significance of Friendship

Daniel J. Hruschka

in Friendship: Development, Ecology, and Evolution of a Relationship

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520265462
eISBN:
9780520947887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520265462.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

The purpose of this chapter is twofold. First, it brings to the foreground the unique ways that friendships, defined here as long-term relationships of mutual affection and support, have helped ... More


Mother Right On the Continent

Eller Cynthia

in Gentlemen and Amazons: The Myth of Matriarchal Prehistory, 1861-1900

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520248595
eISBN:
9780520948556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520248595.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter looks at the spread of the matriarchal myth in Europe, examining how the myth gained popularity in Europe, specifically in Germany, and explains the contributions of German ethnology to ... More


Henry of Ghent—Self-Love and Inclusion

M. S. KEMPSHALL

in The Common Good in Late Medieval Political Thought

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207160
eISBN:
9780191677526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207160.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Ideas

This chapter examines Henry of Ghent's theology and writing. It notes that when Henry does consider the common good of human society in abstract terms, it is in this context, not of metaphysics, but ... More


The Sociologist—James Hughes and the Many Paths of Moral Enhancement

Nicholas Agar

in Humanity's End: Why We Should Reject Radical Enhancement

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014625
eISBN:
9780262289122
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014625.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter presents arguments contending that the precautionary approach advises against the creation of any sort of human–posthuman society, something which can be achieved by refusing to create ... More


The Authority of Distant Antiquity

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0045
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter provides an overview on a new world view, Neo-Confucianism, developed by philosophers of that era. This view of human society and of nature offered itself as a new model image for ... More


The Gunpowder Revolution

John Landers

in The Field and the Forge: Population, Production, and Power in the Pre-industrial West

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199279579
eISBN:
9780191719448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279579.003.0007
Subject:
History, Social History, Economic History

The introduction of gunpowder to warfare represented the beginning of the large-scale exploitation of chemical energy by human societies. The introduction of firearms to land warfare affected all ... More


Ibn Khaldun and the Science of Society

Syed Farid Alatas

in Ibn Khaldun

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780198090458
eISBN:
9780199082636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198090458.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Chapter 2 focuses on Ibn Khaldun’s ‘new science’. His approach was a positive rather than a normative one – the study of state and society as they are rather than as they should be. In this sense, he ... More


Conclusion A Family Level Society

Allen Johnson

in Families of the Forest: The Matsigenka Indians of the Peruvian Amazon

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520232419
eISBN:
9780520936294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520232419.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

This chapter summarizes the findings and restates the case for the Matsigenka Indians as a family level society. It explains that family level societies similar in their general characteristics to ... More


On Truth, Lies, and Bullshit

Harry Frankfurt

in The Philosophy of Deception

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195327939
eISBN:
9780199852444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327939.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter opens with a claim that the harm that lies do results from their interference with one's efforts to understand things as they truly are. Lies thrust one into an imaginary world that one ... More


Biological Adaptation in Human Societies: A Basic Needs Approach

Peter A. Corning

in Holistic Darwinism: Synergy, Cybernetics, and the Bioeconomics of Evolution

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226116136
eISBN:
9780226116334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226116334.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter proposes a more rigorous and systematic approach to the concept of adaptation that is based on basic needs. It applies the concept of biological adaptation specifically to human ... More


Peaceful Foragers: The Significance of the Batek and Moriori for the Question of Innate Human Violence

Kirk Endicott

in War, Peace, and Human Nature: The Convergence of Evolutionary and Cultural Views

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199858996
eISBN:
9780199332687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199858996.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter examines two hunting and gathering societies—the Batek of Malaysia and the Moriori of the Chatham Islands—which actively suppress all violence inside and between groups. It attempts to ... More


Geographies of Human Difference

in Placing the Enlightenment: Thinking Geographically about the Age of Reason

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226904054
eISBN:
9780226904078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226904078.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter considers in particular the part played by knowledge in geography, formulating the central questions posed in the Enlightenment to do with human society, human difference, and human ... More


Beyond the Pale: Joining the Society of Animals in Aristophanes, Herman Melville, and Louis-Ferdinand Céline

Mark Payne

in The Animal Part: Human and Other Animals in the Poetic Imagination

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226650845
eISBN:
9780226650852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226650852.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter discusses a number of narrative texts where animals other than human beings live in social groups and communicate with one another as members of them. Before considering Aristophanes' ... More


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