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 Brain Death

Walter Glannon

in Bioethics and the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195307788
eISBN:
9780199867431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307788.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter defends a narrow neurological criterion of death, which says that the permanent cessation of higher brain, or cortical, function is sufficient for the death of a person. It distinguishes ... More


SOMATIST THEORIES OF OUR IDENTITY

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason: A dilemma in the philosophy of life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276905
eISBN:
9780191603198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276900.003.0022
Subject:
Philosophy, General

If the criticisms of immaterialism and non-reductionism in chapter 19 and of matter-based psychological views in chapter 20 are correct, it would seem that animalism or the biological view that ... More


Considerations in Favour of Eliminating Us?

Trenton Merricks

in Objects and Persons

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245369
eISBN:
9780191598036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245363.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

I show that the arguments of Ch. 2, while giving good reasons to eliminate statues and other inanimate composita, do not provide equally good reasons to eliminate us human organisms. As with Ch. 2, ... More


Objects and Persons

Trenton Merricks

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245369
eISBN:
9780191598036
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245363.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

There are no statues or rocks or chairs. But there are microscopic objects arranged statuewise and rockwise and chairwise. Moreover, there are—in addition to microscopic objects arranged ... More


Surviving Eliminativism

Trenton Merricks

in Objects and Persons

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245369
eISBN:
9780191598036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245363.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

I argue that we human organisms—though composite—are not mere overdeterminers. We cause, by way of having conscious mental properties, some effects that our constituent atoms do not cause. (My ... More


The Mind in Nature: A New View of the Mind

C. B. Martin

in The Mind in Nature

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199234103
eISBN:
9780191715570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234103.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that the human organism is not a mental agent capable of understanding, feeling, and knowing through the uses under the governance of the autonomic nervous system. The human ... More


Troublemakers and Ostracism

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0025
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter focuses on the doctrine of four humors introduced by Polybos towards the end of the fifth century bc, applying it consistently to the assessment of the human organism, or to the ... More


The Person, the Social Individual, and the Self

Charlotte Witt

in The Metaphysics of Gender

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199740413
eISBN:
9780199918720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740413.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter focuses on three topics, which are central to the views presented in this book. First, it approaches the self from the normative perspective to explore how the ascriptivist account of ... More


Medicine: Expression of the General State of Mind

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0029
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter provides a comparative look at Chinese and Greek medicine. Chinese medicine was created in an environment that recognized the exchange between various regional centers as the foundation ... More


The End of Monarchy

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0024
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter sheds light on the doctrine of the four elements of life. A man named Empedocles who lived in the fifth century brought an idea that no single element, water, apeiron, or air, can be the ... More


Head and Limbs

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0035
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter focuses on the expansion of the Roman Empire that produced a totally different outcome. Rome annexed lands that previously lay outside of its own cultural inheritance. Ethnic and ... More


Europe's Ancient Pharmacology

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0039
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter focuses on the interests that had prevented pharmaceutics from being consistently incorporated into the four humors doctrine in Greece and in the Roman era before Galen. Galen expanded ... More


Comparative Decision Making

Thomas R. Zentall and Philip H. Crowley (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199856800
eISBN:
9780199301508
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199856800.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Decision making cuts across most areas of intellectual enquiry and academic endeavor. The classical view of individual human thinkers choosing among options remains important and instructive, but the ... More


Mindscapes of the Postglacial Epoch

John F. Hoffecker

in Landscape of the Mind: Human Evolution and the Archaeology of Thought

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231147040
eISBN:
9780231518482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231147040.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter analyzes the development of the super-brain, which brought forth a new phenomenon that functions above the level of an individual organism's brain. The advancement of language and other ... More


David Lynch

Justus Nieland

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252036934
eISBN:
9780252094057
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252036934.001.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

A key figure in the ongoing legacy of modern cinema, David Lynch designs environments for spectators, transporting them to inner worlds built by mood, texture, and uneasy artifice. We enter these ... More


“Conquering the One Hundred Diseases”: Weisheng before the Twentieth Century

RUTH ROGASKI

in Hygienic Modernity: Meanings of Health and Disease in Treaty-Port China

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240018
eISBN:
9780520930605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240018.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter explores the occurrences of weisheng in Chinese texts published before the twentieth century. It also explains the translation of premodern weisheng as “guarding life.” It is noted that ... More


Epilogue: Reading Organisms in the Age of Neuroscience

Jason Tougaw

in The Elusive Brain: Literary Experiments in the Age of Neuroscience

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780300221176
eISBN:
9780300235609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300221176.003.0011
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

In the epilogue, Tougaw asks, “What does it mean to read as a human organism?” The epilogue surveys recent accounts in “Neuro-Lit-Crit,” emphasizing fledgling attempts to bridge the humanities and ... More


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