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New Marx for Old? Marxism, Humanity, and Ecology

Mathew Humphrey

in Preservation Versus the People?: Nature, Humanity, and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242672
eISBN:
9780191599514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242674.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

The proponents of an ecologically inspired form of Marxism, or a Marx‐inspired form of political ecology, argue that eco‐Marxism transcends the anthropocentric‐ecocentric dichotomy, and this chapter ... More


Setting the Stage: The Plenary Session

James Halteman and Edd Noell

in Reckoning with Markets: The Role of Moral Reflection in Economics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199763702
eISBN:
9780199932252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199763702.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter stages a group discussion with fifteen participants from all periods of history. A facilitator moderates the conversation, but the content of the session uses the words of the ... More


Human Nature and Human Interests

Chandran Kukathas

in The Liberal Archipelago: A Theory of Diversity and Freedom

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257546
eISBN:
9780191599705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925754X.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter argues that while diversity may be a permanent feature of human societies, there is a core of human nature which can account for the patterns of human diversity. It defends a ... More


Stoic Philosophers on Persons, Property‐Ownership, and Community

A. A. Long

in From Epicurus to Epictetus: Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199279128
eISBN:
9780191706769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279128.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter suggests a further tie between Stoicism and later conceptions of the person as a moral, psychological, and legal entity. That tie has to do not only with consciousness or ... More


From Bondage to Freedom: Spinoza on Human Excellence

Michael Lebuffe

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195383539
eISBN:
9780199870530
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383539.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book defends a comprehensive interpretation of Spinoza's enlightened vision of human excellence, including his theories of good and evil, virtue, perfection, and freedom. Spinoza holds that what ... More


Rousseau: A Free Community of Equals

Joshua Cohen

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199581498
eISBN:
9780191722875
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581498.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The fundamental problem of Rousseau's political philosophy is to find a form of association that protects the person and goods of each person without demanding from them a morally unacceptable ... More


Introduction

Wolfram Hinzen

in Mind Design and Minimal Syntax

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199289257
eISBN:
9780191706424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289257.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter reviews current 20th-century philosophical and biological traditions that deny human nature as a valid concept of inquiry. These include most traditions of both continental and analytic ... More


Defining the Faith

Andrew Louth

in St John Damascene: Tradition and Originality in Byzantine Theology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252381
eISBN:
9780191600654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252386.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

An exposition of the doctrines of the Christian Faith as John sets them forth in his On the Orthodox Faith, and his polemical writings against Monophysites, Monothelites, and Nestorians. Doctrines ... More


 Objections and Replies

David B. Wong

in Natural Moralities: A Defense of Pluralistic Relativism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305395
eISBN:
9780199786657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305396.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter responds to the following objections against pluralistic relativism: it is unable to explain moral disagreement; it undermines confidence in one’s moral commitments; it makes learning ... More


 A Pulitzer for the Ants: Edward O. Wilson

Edward O. Wilson

in Oracles of Science: Celebrity Scientists versus God and Religion

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195310726
eISBN:
9780199785179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310726.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Edward O. Wilson is a public intellectual and the best-selling author of On Human Nature, Sociobiology: The New Synthesis, Biophilia, Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge, and many other books. Wilson ... More


Biblical Faith and Natural Theology: The Gifford Lectures for 1991: Delivered in the University of Edinburgh

James Barr

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198263760
eISBN:
9780191600395
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198263767.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Natural theology is the idea that human beings ‘by nature’, just through being human, know something of God, or alternatively that they gain such knowledge through experience of the world we live in. ... More


Legitimacy: The Caliphate and the State

Antony Black

in The West and Islam: Religion and Political Thought in World History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199533206
eISBN:
9780191714498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533206.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In Europe, separate states acquired legitimacy; in Islam the universal caliphate and 'umma retained the fullest respect. Muslim philosophers, not unlike Augustine and Hobbes, derived the need for the ... More


Darwin’s Legacy: What Evolution Means Today

John Dupré

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199284214
eISBN:
9780191700286
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284214.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Charles Darwin transformed our understanding of the universe and our place in it with his development of the theory of evolution. One hundred and fifty years later, we are still puzzling over the ... More


The Mencius-Xunzi Debate in Early Confucian Ethics

Aaron Stalnaker

in Teaching Confucianism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195311600
eISBN:
9780199870707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311600.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter outlines the disagreement between Mencius and Xunzi and the deeper ethical issues these thinkers confront under this organizing principle, as they help articulate some of the most ... More


Natural Law and Knowledge of Ethical Necessity

Abdulaziz Sachedina

in Islam and the Challenge of Human Rights

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195388428
eISBN:
9780199866755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388428.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Islam

This chapter investigates Islamic theological resources to argue for an Islamic theory of natural law. Natural law is part of the rationalist‐naturalist Muslim theology upheld by some Sunni and ... More


The Enigma of the Middle Way: Grotius and the Grotian Tradition on War

Karma Nabulsi

in Traditions of War: Occupation, Resistance and The Law

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294078
eISBN:
9780191599972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294077.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This is the second of three chapters on the three traditions of war, and introduces the Groatian tradition, which is viewed as the most dominant and powerful of the traditions presented, and had as ... More


Creation in the Image of God

Morwenna Ludlow

in Gregory of Nyssa, Ancient and (Post)modern

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199280766
eISBN:
9780191712906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280766.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter focuses on Gregory of Nyssa's account of humans' creation and why it attracted the attention of feminists. Gregory of Nyssa claims that human nature as a whole was created in the image ... More


Niebuhr's ‘Nature of Man’ and Christian Realism

Jean Bethke Elshtain

in Reinhold Niebuhr and Contemporary Politics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199571833
eISBN:
9780191722264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571833.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Reinhold Niebuhr's theological anthropology receives less critical attention than his direct pronouncements on political and social matters, especially those that touch on conflict and war. But ... More


 Moral Reasons—Internal and External *

David B. Wong

in Natural Moralities: A Defense of Pluralistic Relativism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305395
eISBN:
9780199786657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305396.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter addresses the question how deeply moral reasons relate to human motivation through discussing the debate over internalism and externalism in ethics. Internalists on moral reasons hold ... More


Human Nature and the Limits of Science

John Dupré

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248063
eISBN:
9780191597367
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248060.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book applies to the study of human nature the generally pluralistic metaphysics and methodology developed in the author's earlier work. It begins with detailed criticism of two popular projects ... More


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