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 Different Starting Points, Standpoints, End Points

Mary Briody Mahowald

in Bioethics and Women: Across the Lifespan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195176179
eISBN:
9780199786558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176170.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Terms crucial to bioethical debate are examined: these include life, death, human, person, moral status, and moral agency. The moral relevance of the gestational tie between a woman and her fetus as ... More


Aristotle: Philosophy as Two Ways of Life

John M. Cooper

in Pursuits of Wisdom: Six Ways of Life in Ancient Philosophy from Socrates to Plotinus

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691138602
eISBN:
9781400842322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691138602.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses the Aristotelian way of life. For Aristotle, philosophy is not a way of life, as it was for Socrates. It is two distinct ones. Aristotle's contemplatives are, of course, ... More


Stoicism as a Way of Life

John M. Cooper

in Pursuits of Wisdom: Six Ways of Life in Ancient Philosophy from Socrates to Plotinus

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691138602
eISBN:
9781400842322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691138602.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses the Stoic way of life. As a necessary preparation, the Stoic way of life requires extensive study of and practice in philosophical argument and analysis. It also requires ... More


Platonism as a Way of Life

John M. Cooper

in Pursuits of Wisdom: Six Ways of Life in Ancient Philosophy from Socrates to Plotinus

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691138602
eISBN:
9781400842322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691138602.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines the philosophy of Plotinus. It argues that philosophy, and only philosophy, can prepare us adequately for our true life, a life consisting of contemplation of Forms, in ... More


A Reader's Guide to the Hanumāyana

Philip Lutgendorf

in Hanuman's Tale: The Messages of a Divine Monkey

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195309225
eISBN:
9780199785391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309225.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter provides annotations for each of the forty tales recounted in the previous chapter. These notes trace, when possible, the literary history of each story, examine significant ... More


The Practice of Value

Joseph Raz

R. Jay Wallace (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199278466
eISBN:
9780191699986
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278466.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The Tanner Lectures on Human Values, which honor the American scholar, industrialist, and philanthropist Obert Clark Tanner, are presented annually at each of nine universities in the United States ... More


The Functions of the Continuum

Ernest Hartmann

in The Nature and Functions of Dreaming

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199751778
eISBN:
9780199863419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751778.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter argues that although the sixth and last point of the contemporary theory—that the entire continuum has a function—is very difficult to prove or even to approach experimentally, it ... More


The Principles of Life

Tibor Ganti

Eors Szathmary and James Griesemer (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198507260
eISBN:
9780191584886
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507260.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

What is life? What are the essential differences between the living and non-living systems? The exact scientific answers to these ancient questions are indispensable preconditions for the ... More


The Epicurean and Skeptic Ways of Life

John M. Cooper

in Pursuits of Wisdom: Six Ways of Life in Ancient Philosophy from Socrates to Plotinus

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691138602
eISBN:
9781400842322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691138602.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses the Epicurean and Pyrrhonian skeptic ways of life. It argues that the Epicurean life, however much grounded in the results of philosophical analysis and argument, and however ... More


Our Insatiable Desire for More Future: On the Eternal Return of the Same

Krzysztof Michalski

in The Flame of Eternity: An Interpretation of Nietzsche's Thought

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143460
eISBN:
9781400840212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143460.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines what links the seemingly conflicting, or even mutually exclusive, concepts of eternity and passing, and Paradise and its loss. To life as a cup running over, to life as divinity ... More


Morality and Moral Theory: A Reappraisal and Reaffirmation

Robert B. Louden

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195072921
eISBN:
9780199852925
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195072921.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Contemporary philosophers have grown increasingly sceptical toward both morality and moral theory. Some argue that moral theory is a radically misguided enterprise which does not illuminate moral ... More


. Resurrection and Death in Everyman

George Anastaplo

in Reflections on Life, Death, and the Constitution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125336
eISBN:
9780813135243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125336.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines resurrection and death in Everyman, considered as the greatest of English morality plays. It observes that death, ordained by God Himself, is exhibited as an inevitable limit on ... More


The Socratic Way of Life

John M. Cooper

in Pursuits of Wisdom: Six Ways of Life in Ancient Philosophy from Socrates to Plotinus

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691138602
eISBN:
9781400842322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691138602.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses the Socratic way of life. For Socrates, philosophical reflection and analysis concerning the human good, as well as concerning human deficiencies, dictate a particular way of ... More


Making Mortal Choices: Three Exercises in Moral Casuistry

Hugo Adam Bedau

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195108774
eISBN:
9780199852888
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195108774.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book demonstrates the usefulness of “casuistry”, or “the method of cases” in arriving at moral decisions. It examines well-known cases that compel us to consider questions about who ought to ... More


Genesis's Central Concern: Human Existence Under God

Thomas L. Brodie

in Genesis as Dialogue: A Literary, Historical, and Theological Commentary

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195138368
eISBN:
9780199834037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138368.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Genesis has two levels or focal points – history of Israel (the patriarchs) and human life (or human existence). Both are important and indispensable, but for Genesis, human life is the more ... More


Human Values and Genetic Design

Jonathan Glover

in Choosing Children: Genes, Disability, and Design

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199290925
eISBN:
9780191710452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290925.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter focuses on genetic enhancement, or ‘designer babies’, where genes are chosen not on medical grounds but with the aim of giving other kinds of benefit. It argues that crossing the ... More


The Greeks On Pleasure

J. C. B. Gosling and C. C. W. Taylor

Published in print:
1982
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246664
eISBN:
9780191681035
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246664.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book aims to provide a critical and analytical history of ancient Greek theories of the nature of pleasure and of its value and role in human life, from the earliest times down to the period of ... More


Euthanasia

Richard Kraut

in Against Absolute Goodness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199844463
eISBN:
9780199919550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844463.003.0026
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The intrinsic value of human life was cited in a 1990 decision of the U.S. Supreme Court (Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Department of Health) as one legitimate basis on which a state can forbid ... More


Introduction: On Philosophy as a Way of Life

John M. Cooper

in Pursuits of Wisdom: Six Ways of Life in Ancient Philosophy from Socrates to Plotinus

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691138602
eISBN:
9781400842322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691138602.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses ancient philosophy as a way of life. It first considers the ties linking popular ideas about philosophy to the subject of study that is pursued and taught in philosophy ... More


Sartre’s Existentialist Biographies: Search for a Method

Christina Howells

in Mapping Lives: The Uses of Biography

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263181
eISBN:
9780191734595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263181.003.0016
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter discusses Jean Sartre's approach to writing biographies. As a biographer, Sartre embraces the paradox of an attempted, yet always impossible, totalization of the fragmentary, and ... More


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