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Human impacts on marine ecosystems

Keith Brander, Louis W. Botsford, Lorenzo Ciannelli, Michael J. Fogarty, Michael Heath, Benjamin Planque, Lynne J. Shannon, and Kai Wieland

in Marine Ecosystems and Global Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558025
eISBN:
9780191721939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558025.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

Humans have used and had an impact on marine ecosystems throughout history. As human populations and their economic activity increased the impact intensified, but our awareness of the long‐term, ... More


Three Case Studies

Sabina Alkire

in Valuing Freedoms: Sen's Capability Approach and Poverty Reduction

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199245796
eISBN:
9780191600838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245797.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The sixth and seventh chapters that make up Part II of the book consist of one practical and much narrower application of the capability approach, namely, a discussion of how economic analysis ... More


The Balance of Nature: What Is It and Why Care?

Kevin S. McCann

in Food Webs (MPB-50)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134178
eISBN:
9781400840687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134178.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This book explores how interaction strength affects the dynamics of food webs. It aims to conceptually synthesize our current understanding of one of the big questions in ecology and evolution: What ... More


Introduction

David Beresford-Jones

in The Lost Woodlands of Ancient Nasca: A Case-study in Ecological and Cultural Collapse

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264768
eISBN:
9780191754005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264768.003.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This introductory chapter first sets out the book's purpose, which is to present a new archaeological case for prehistoric human impact on the environment: a study of ecological and cultural change ... More


High-latitude paleolimnology

Dominic A. Hodgson and John P. Smol

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter describes the role that paleolimnological studies have played in reconstructing the geomorphological origin and development of high latitude lakes. A description is provided on how both ... More


Food Webs (MPB-50)

Kevin S. McCann

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134178
eISBN:
9781400840687
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134178.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Human impacts are dramatically altering our natural ecosystems but the exact repercussions on ecological sustainability and function remain unclear. As a result, food web theory has experienced a ... More


The South Coast Desert

David Beresford-Jones

in The Lost Woodlands of Ancient Nasca: A Case-study in Ecological and Cultural Collapse

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264768
eISBN:
9780191754005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264768.003.0002
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter describes the area of interest — the basins of the lower Ica Valley on the Peruvian south coast — which lies within one of the world's oldest and driest deserts. It starts by examining ... More


Introduction

Hilary Marlow

in Biblical Prophets and Contemporary Environmental Ethics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199569052
eISBN:
9780191723230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569052.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the human impact on the planet. It then considers the relationship between religious tradition and environmental issues. It then outlines the ... More


Eating Stardust: Population, Food, and Agriculture on Planet Earth

David A. Cleveland

in Balancing on a Planet: The Future of Food and Agriculture

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520277410
eISBN:
9780520957084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520277410.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

There is an inherent tension between human impact (the product of the size of the human population, people's level of food consumption, and the technology used to produce food) and the ability of the ... More


How Humans Influence Evolution on Adaptive Landscapes

Andrew P. Hendry, Virginie Millien, Andrew Gonzalez, and Hans C. E. Larsson

in The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199595372
eISBN:
9780191774799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595372.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter outlines three basic ways in which humans can alter evolution on adaptive landscapes: through changes in topography, changes in dimensionality, and phenotypic excursions. Changes in ... More


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