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“On One Path or the Other”: Cloning, Religion, and the Making of U.S. Biopolicy

Nigel M. de S. Cameron

David E. Guinn (ed.)

in Handbook of Bioethics and Religion

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195178739
eISBN:
9780199784943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195178734.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The series of policy positions of the US administration in the opening years of the “biotech century” in respect to cloning, embryonic stem cell research, and the patenting of human embryos offers a ... More


The Emergence of Ethical Controversy

Thomas Banchoff

in Embryo Politics: Ethics and Policy in Atlantic Democracies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449574
eISBN:
9780801460593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449574.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter traces the emergence of the human embryo as an object of ethical controversy from 1968 through the early 1990s. This trajectory can be divided into three phases. The first phase, roughly ... More


The Ethics of Embryonic Stem Cell Research

Thomas Banchoff

in Embryo Politics: Ethics and Policy in Atlantic Democracies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449574
eISBN:
9780801460593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449574.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter tracks the path of stem cell research that culminated in the isolation of human embryonic stem cells in 1998 and the prospect of therapeutic cloning. It then charts the rise of an ethic ... More


Stem Cell and Cloning Politics

Thomas Banchoff

in Embryo Politics: Ethics and Policy in Atlantic Democracies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449574
eISBN:
9780801460593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449574.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter discusses embryo politics in United States, United Kingdom, France, and Germany that emerged from the twin cloning and embryonic stem cell breakthroughs of 1997–98. The promise of a new ... More


First Embryo Research Regimes

Thomas Banchoff

in Embryo Politics: Ethics and Policy in Atlantic Democracies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449574
eISBN:
9780801460593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449574.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter focuses on the national embryo research regimes in the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, and France. In all four countries, contrasting national terms of debate combined with ... More


Building a Collection

Lynn M. Morgan

in Icons of Life: A Cultural History of Human Embryos

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520260436
eISBN:
9780520944725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520260436.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter describes how embryologists built the professional relationships that gave them exclusive access to the precious specimens located within women's bodily realms, and how they devised ... More


Traffic in “Embryo Babies”

Lynn M. Morgan

in Icons of Life: A Cultural History of Human Embryos

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520260436
eISBN:
9780520944725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520260436.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter looks at the social and medical circumstances that generated a reliable supply of embryo specimens. It considers the health and welfare of pregnant women in early twentieth-century ... More


Conclusion

Thomas Banchoff

in Embryo Politics: Ethics and Policy in Atlantic Democracies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449574
eISBN:
9780801460593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449574.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This concluding chapter first discusses three overarching trends revealed by the comparison of embryo politics in United States, United Kingdom, France, Germany from 1968–96 and 1997–2008. These are ... More


Embryo Visions

Lynn M. Morgan

in Icons of Life: A Cultural History of Human Embryos

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520260436
eISBN:
9780520944725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520260436.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter introduces the world of Franklin Mall, the anatomist and avid human embryo collector without whom the embryo collection might not have existed. Mall's career spanned a transitional ... More


Stem Cell Dialogues: A Philosophical and Scientific Inquiry Into Medical Frontiers

Sheldon Krimsky

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231167482
eISBN:
9780231539401
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231167482.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

“Stem cells” have become linked with both new frontiers in medical science and political and ethical controversy. The field, along with the emerging area of regenerative medicine, is creating the ... More


The Moral Status of Embryos

Sheldon Krimsky

in Stem Cell Dialogues: A Philosophical and Scientific Inquiry Into Medical Frontiers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231167482
eISBN:
9780231539401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231167482.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This dialogue provides a fictional account of a panel discussion with Rabbi Jacob Goldman, Monsignor Patrick Callahan, and Mary Osborn on the moral status of early embryos. Osborn is a secular ... More


The President’s Stem Cells

Sheldon Krimsky

in Stem Cell Dialogues: A Philosophical and Scientific Inquiry Into Medical Frontiers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231167482
eISBN:
9780231539401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231167482.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

In this dialogue, Bernard Stein, M.D., and Dr. Rebecca Franklin are having a conversation about President George W. Bush's policies on human embryonic stem cells. Stein is an ethics advisor to Bush, ... More


The Dickey-Wicker Enigma

Sheldon Krimsky

in Stem Cell Dialogues: A Philosophical and Scientific Inquiry Into Medical Frontiers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231167482
eISBN:
9780231539401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231167482.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This dialogue provides a fictional account of the arguments heard before the three-judge panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia regarding Sherley v. Sebelius—a challenge to ... More


Commentary: The Biopolitics and Bioethics Surrounding Chimeric Embryo Research in Japan: A Comment on Jonathan Moreno’s “Chimera in Bioethics and Biopolitics”

Satoshi Kodama and Kyoko Takashima

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0051
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Professor Jonathan D. Moreno suggests that the politics of biology, or biopolitics, which “refers to the ways that society attempts to gain control over the power of the life sciences,” has become a ... More


Creating Good from Immoral Acts

Sheldon Krimsky

in Stem Cell Dialogues: A Philosophical and Scientific Inquiry Into Medical Frontiers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231167482
eISBN:
9780231539401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231167482.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

In this dialogue, Dr. Rebecca Franklin and German scientist Gordon Baum discuss the politics and ethics of stem cells. Franklin is interested in how German scientists view their responsibility to the ... More


Circumventing Embryocide

Sheldon Krimsky

in Stem Cell Dialogues: A Philosophical and Scientific Inquiry Into Medical Frontiers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231167482
eISBN:
9780231539401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231167482.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

In this dialogue, Dr. Rebecca Franklin and Catholic bioethicist Paul Flannery discuss the alternatives to destroying human embryos in order to acquire pluripotent stem cells. After President George ... More


My Embryo is Auctioned on the Internet

Sheldon Krimsky

in Stem Cell Dialogues: A Philosophical and Scientific Inquiry Into Medical Frontiers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231167482
eISBN:
9780231539401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231167482.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

In this dialogue, Dr. Rebecca Franklin is having a conversation with Janet Blackman, a lawyer and feminist writer who has excess embryos from an in vitro fertilization procedure and wants to sell ... More


Feminism and the Commercialization of Human Eggs/Embryos

Sheldon Krimsky

in Stem Cell Dialogues: A Philosophical and Scientific Inquiry Into Medical Frontiers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231167482
eISBN:
9780231539401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231167482.003.0021
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

In this dialogue, Dr. Rebecca Franklin and fellow feminist, twenty-five-year-old activist Jenny Gunderson, discuss the ways in which women relate to the moral status of human embryos. The feminist ... More


Forging New Patent Politics Through the Human Embryonic Stem Cell Debates

Shobita Parthasarathy

in Patent Politics: Life Forms, Markets, and the Public Interest in the United States and Europe

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226437859
eISBN:
9780226437996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226437996.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on patents covering human embryonic stem cells in the United States and Europe. In both places, human embryonic stem cell research is very controversial; anti-abortion activists ... More


To Clone or not to Clone: That is the Question

Sheldon Krimsky

in Stem Cell Dialogues: A Philosophical and Scientific Inquiry Into Medical Frontiers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231167482
eISBN:
9780231539401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231167482.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

In this dialogue, Dr. Rebecca Franklin and Dr. Howard Chadwick, director of the National Center for Stem Cells within the (fictional) National Institutes of Health, discuss the ethics of cloning. The ... More


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