Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 23 items

  • Keywords: human diversity x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Diversity as Degeneration

Justin E. H. Smith

in Nature, Human Nature, and Human Difference: Race in Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153643
eISBN:
9781400866311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153643.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter focuses on those early modern accounts of human phenotypic diversity that do not resort to claims of essential difference, but instead appeal to some form or other of degeneration to ... More


Race and Its Discontents in the Enlightenment

Justin E. H. Smith

in Nature, Human Nature, and Human Difference: Race in Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153643
eISBN:
9781400866311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153643.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter surveys some of the more important developments in the history of the concept of race in eighteenth-century Germany. It reveals an inconsistency between the desire to make taxonomic ... More


Population Genetics, Linguistics, and Culture History in the Southwest Pacific

Jonathan S. Friedlaender (ed.)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195300307
eISBN:
9780199790142
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300307.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The broad arc of islands north of Australia, extending from Indonesia east towards the central Pacific, is home to a set of human populations whose diversity is unsurpassed elsewhere. Approximately ... More


Introduction Questions and Themes

Amartya Sen

in Inequality Reexamined

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289289
eISBN:
9780191596896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198289286.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The introduction to the book discusses the fact that the idea of equality is confronted by two different types of diversities: (1) the basic heterogeneity (diversity) of human beings, and (2) the ... More


Diversity in Human Interactions: The Tapestry of America

John D. Robinson and Larry C. James (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195143904
eISBN:
9780199848171
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143904.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This book provides a comprehensive overview of human diversity by examining how issues of race, ethnicity, disability, religion, and sexual orientation affect daily interactions. With the increased ... More


The Specter of Polygenesis

Justin E. H. Smith

in Nature, Human Nature, and Human Difference: Race in Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153643
eISBN:
9781400866311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153643.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter follows the development of Renaissance debates about the nature of human diversity into the following century, and particularly as they played out in France and England. It focuses in ... More


The Demands of Equality

Amartya Sen

in Inequality Reexamined

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289289
eISBN:
9780191596896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198289286.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Some of the general points that have emerged from the analysis of inequality presented in the rest of the book are reviewed and assessed. Particular concern is given to the interrelations between the ... More


New Worlds

Justin E. H. Smith

in Nature, Human Nature, and Human Difference: Race in Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153643
eISBN:
9781400866311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153643.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter turns to the history of the race concept. It considers the early development of thinking about human diversity and human origins in the context of the Renaissance. In important respects, ... More


Equality of What?

Amartya Sen

in Inequality Reexamined

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289289
eISBN:
9780191596896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198289286.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The two central issues in the ethical analysis of equality—‘Why equality?’ and ‘Equality of what?’ are addressed. It is noted that ethical plausibility is hard to achieve unless everyone is given ... More


Welfare Economics and Inequality

Amartya Sen

in Inequality Reexamined

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289289
eISBN:
9780191596896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198289286.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

After a preamble on the choice of space (variable) and evaluative purpose, the matter of whether a person's position in terms of achievement should be judged positively (as level of achievement ... More


Class, Gender and Other Groups

Amartya Sen

in Inequality Reexamined

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289289
eISBN:
9780191596896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198289286.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The relevance of the capability perspective is discussed in the context of differences in class, gender, and other social features. Human diversity is shown, once again, to play a crucial part in ... More


Conclusion

Justin E. H. Smith

in Nature, Human Nature, and Human Difference: Race in Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153643
eISBN:
9781400866311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153643.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This concluding chapter links antiquarian and contemporary conceptions of race, though at the same time noting that there can be no easy distinction between the two. It shows that while there may be ... More


Anton Wilhelm Amo

Justin E. H. Smith

in Nature, Human Nature, and Human Difference: Race in Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153643
eISBN:
9781400866311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153643.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter focuses on the life and work of Anton Wilhelm Amo, who was active in Germany in the period between Leibniz and Kant. It shows how Amo's identity as an African in Europe helped to shape ... More


Human Population Genomics and the Dilemma of Difference

Jenny Reardon

in Reframing Rights: Bioconstitutionalism in the Genetic Age

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015950
eISBN:
9780262298667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015950.003.0114
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter introduces the theme of bottom-up agency with an account of struggles for authority between socially and scientifically constituted groups of genetic research subjects. It addresses how ... More


Justice and Capability

Amartya Sen

in Inequality Reexamined

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289289
eISBN:
9780191596896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198289286.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter first addresses the informational bases of justice. It then goes on to discuss and give a critique of the Rawlsian theory of justice as fairness, which is regarded by Rawls himself as a ... More


Introduction

Robert J. Priest and Alvaro L. Nieves

in This Side of Heaven: Race, Ethnicity, and Christian Faith

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195310566
eISBN:
9780199851072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310566.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This book is intended to reflect commitment inspired by ideals of heaven, at the same time as being thoroughly grounded in earthly social and historical settings. This chapter outlines the chapters ... More


The Geography of “Our Heritage”: From the Human Genome Diversity Project to the Genographic Project

Marianne Sommer

in History Within: The Science, Culture, and Politics of Bones, Organisms, and Molecules

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226347325
eISBN:
9780226349879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226349879.003.0014
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The Human Genome Diversity Project was closely related to Cavalli-Sforza’d earlier research, especially as it was presented in History and Geography of Human Genes (1994). Not only the interest in ... More


The Genographics of Unity in Diversity

Marianne Sommer

in History Within: The Science, Culture, and Politics of Bones, Organisms, and Molecules

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226347325
eISBN:
9780226349879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226349879.003.0016
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Throughout the book, there is a strong emphasis on practices of narration and visualization as necessary conditions for circulating the knowledge about history within. In this final chapter of Part ... More


The Evolution of the Diversity of Cultures

R. A. Foley and M. Mirazón Lahr

in Culture Evolves

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199608966
eISBN:
9780191804656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199608966.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The abundant evidence that Homo sapiens evolved in Africa within the past 200 000 years, and dispersed across the world only within the past 100 000 years, provides us with a strong framework in ... More


Individuals and culture

Robert A. Hinde

in Origins of the Human Brain

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523901
eISBN:
9780191689048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523901.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

To be able to understand human social behaviour and human diversity, this chapter focuses on the relations between one's biological heritage and the complexities of cultural beliefs in more complex ... More


View: