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Memes, Minds, and Imagination

SUSAN BLACKMORE

in Imaginative Minds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264195
eISBN:
9780191734540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264195.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter determines the existence of human imagination and creativity through the concept of human culture and meme. It aims to rebut the two assumptions governing creative imagination in humans. ... More


Selection and cultural change

Henry Plotkin

in Evolutionary Worlds without End

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199544950
eISBN:
9780191594366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544950.003.005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Is it possible that cultural change could be accounted for by selection processes? This question is first considered in the light of cultures in non-humans such as songbirds and other species of ape; ... More


Human Culture(s) as Moral Order(s)

Christian Smith

in Moral, Believing Animals: Human Personhood and Culture

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195162028
eISBN:
9780199849673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162028.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The ideas of culture and action are central in sociology and social theory. This chapter argues that the most adequate approach to theorizing human culture must be a normative one that conceives of ... More


Unconsilience: Rethinking the Two-Cultures Conundrum in Anthropology

Bradd Shore

in Creating Consilience: Integrating the Sciences and the Humanities

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794393
eISBN:
9780199919338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794393.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

Culture theory has been hampered by tensions between evolutionary psychology and cultural psychology. Evolutionary psychologists tend to see culture through the lens of Darwinian theory, and are ... More


Introduction

L. Jonathan Cohen

in The Probable and The Provable

Published in print:
1977
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198244127
eISBN:
9780191680748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244127.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This book tries to show that, if forensic proof in Anglo-American courts is analysed in terms of the mathematical calculus of chance, the anomalies and paradoxes which are generated are too numerous ... More


AHRB: The Early Years

James Herbert

in Creating the AHRC: An Arts and Humanities Research Council for the United Kingdom in the Twenty-first Century

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264294
eISBN:
9780191734335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264294.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Education

The call for a separate Research Council for humanities was initially met with unfavourable comment. Although the government eventually announced support for the creation of such a research council, ... More


‘In the Small Places’: Education and Human Rights Culture in Conflict-Affected Societies

Lesley McEvoy and Laura Lundy

in Judges, Transition, and Human Rights

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199204939
eISBN:
9780191695599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204939.003.0023
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter looks at education and human rights culture in conflict-affected societies, using Northern Ireland as a case study. It explores the relationship between the separate yet interrelated ... More


Necessary Knowledge

Henry Plotkin

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198568285
eISBN:
9780191584961
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568285.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This book takes on one of the big questions at the heart of the cognitive sciences — what knowledge do we possess at birth, and what do we learn along the way? It is now widely accepted that ... More


The Origins of Music

Carl Stumpf

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199695737
eISBN:
9780191742286
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695737.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This book was first published in German in 1911. The text sets out a path-breaking hypothesis on the earliest musical sounds in human culture. Alongside research in such diverse fields as classical ... More


Law and Development, Culture and Development

Lan Cao

in Culture in Law and Development: Nurturing Positive Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199915231
eISBN:
9780199362936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199915231.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter focuses on international law’s relationship with culture and law and development. It gives reasons why law and development avoids critical appraisal of cultural norms. and makes the case ... More


Cassirer's Metaphysics of Symbolic Forms: A Philosophical Commentary

Thora Bayer

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300083316
eISBN:
9780300127171
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300083316.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book—a commentary on Ernst Cassirer's Metaphysics of Symbolic Forms—provides an introduction to the metaphysical views that underlie the philosopher's conceptions of symbolic form and human ... More


On the recent origin of symbolically-mediated language and its implications for psychological science

Andrew Lock

in The Descent of Mind: Psychological Perspectives on Hominid Evolution

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632593
eISBN:
9780191670497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632593.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The earliest dates for anatomically-modern human fossil remains are around 100,000 years ago. It would seem that early modern humans had an essentially modern intelligence, and on that basis also had ... More


Conclusion: Narrative Bioethics

David B. Morris

in Illness and Culture in the Postmodern Age

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520208698
eISBN:
9780520926240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520208698.003.0010
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The vision of postmodern illness as biocultural has offered a way to understand some of the confusions we are living through. It provides a corrective to the modernist belief that knowledge of ... More


Critique and the Ends of Reason

Christian Kerslake

in Immanence and the Vertigo of Philosophy: From Kant to Deleuze

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748635900
eISBN:
9780748671823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748635900.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter explores Immanuel Kant's own systematic account of the critical project. It also demonstrates how Kant locates the implicit metacritical dimension of the critical project within a ... More


Is India a Postmodern Culture?

Ashis Nandy

in Talking India: Ashis Nandy in Conversation with Ramin Jahanbegloo

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195678987
eISBN:
9780199081356
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678987.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

Beginning with a discussion of Ashis Nandy's views about postmodernism in India, this section also presents his views about the colonized response to colonization; the issues of multiculturalism and ... More


The Sociologist's Eye: Reflections on Social Life

Kai Erikson

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780300106671
eISBN:
9780300231779
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300106671.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This book is a masterful introduction to, and appreciation of, sociology as a window into our world. The culmination of a distinguished career, and a fascinating exploration into the nature of human ... More


Cultural Evolution

John E. Mayfield

in The Engine of Complexity: Evolution as Computation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163040
eISBN:
9780231535281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163040.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Human culture, as distinct from chimpanzee or ant culture, is made possible by human language. Sophisticated language allows us to share complex ideas and knowledge with others. From a computational ... More


Introduction: Rewriting Life, Reframing Rights

Sheila Jasanoff

in Reframing Rights: Bioconstitutionalism in the Genetic Age

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015950
eISBN:
9780262298667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015950.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This book is located in the overlapping spaces developed by a half-century of rewriting life in genetic sciences and technologies and the centuries-old texts of law that represent one of the most ... More


Networks of Influence

Brian Greenhill

in Transmitting Rights: International Organizations and the Diffusion of Human Rights Practices

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190271633
eISBN:
9780190299316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190271633.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This is the main theoretical chapter of the book. It presents a three-stage model of social influence within intergovernmental organizations (IGOs). This model suggests that (1) individual IGOs ... More


Demography and Variation in the Accumulation of Culturally Inherited Skills

Adam Powell, Stephen J. Shennan, and Mark G. Thomas

in Innovation in Cultural Systems: Contributions from Evolutionary Anthropology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013338
eISBN:
9780262259101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013338.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter is concerned with a demographic analysis of culturally inherited skills. It introduces a simulation-based extension to an analytical model of cultural skill transmission. It presents the ... More


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