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Ethical Life: Its Natural and Social Histories

Webb Keane

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691167732
eISBN:
9781400873593
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167732.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

The human propensity to take an ethical stance toward oneself and others is found in every known society, yet we also know that values taken for granted in one society can contradict those in ... More


Human development, life course, intervention and health

Clyde Hertzman

in Epidemiological Methods in Life Course Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528487
eISBN:
9780191723940
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528487.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter proposes three generic models of life course trajectories in health, well-being, and behaviour and learning skills, starting from the essential early life processes of physical growth ... More


Biological Pathways Linking the Social Environment, Development, and Health

Clyde Hertzman and John Frank

in Healthier Societies: From Analysis to Action

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195179200
eISBN:
9780199864539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179200.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins by presenting an overview of current knowledge regarding the biological pathways by which socioeconomic, psychosocial, and developmental experiences affect human biology over the ... More


Development of Pain Control

Milton J. Lewis

in Medicine and Care of the Dying: A Modern History

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195175486
eISBN:
9780199999903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195175486.003.0006
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter discusses pain control. The phenomenon of pain is found at the juncture of human biology and culture, and the prevailing theory—the gate control theory—of how pain operates allows for a ... More


Humanity's End: Why We Should Reject Radical Enhancement

Nicholas Agar

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014625
eISBN:
9780262289122
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014625.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Proposals to make us smarter than the greatest geniuses or to add thousands of years to our life spans seem fit only for the spam folder or trash can, yet these are what contemporary advocates of ... More


Natural Selection, The Human Genome, and the Idea of Race

Robert Pollack

in Race and the Genetic Revolution: Science, Myth, and Culture

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156974
eISBN:
9780231527699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156974.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter discusses the history of humanity as a single species in explaining how the idea of “race” is in conflict with the facts of nature. Human imagination produced both the science that ... More


Between Church and State: Stem Cells, Embryos, and Citizens in Italian Politics

Ingrid Metzler

in Reframing Rights: Bioconstitutionalism in the Genetic Age

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015950
eISBN:
9780262298667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015950.003.0054
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter analyzes the politics of human embryonic stem cell (hESC) research in Italy. It demonstrates how political abstinence reinforced the position of a church whose injunctions of sexual ... More


‘What is Wrong’ and ‘How We Know It’: Changing Concepts of Illness in General Practice

Marshall Marinker

in General Practice under the National Health Service, 1948–1997: The First Fifty Years

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206750
eISBN:
9780191677304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206750.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the different changes in regards to understanding morbidity and human biology, the range and power of medicines, and the techniques of clinical investigation and surgery. It ... More


Health inequalities and the role of psychosocial work factors: the Whitehall II Study

Eric Brunner

in Social inequality and public health

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847423207
eISBN:
9781447303398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847423207.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The fact that material social inequalities based on income, racial discrimination, access to healthcare and the like are reflected in both individual and group health outcomes is now well accepted. ... More


Probabilities and Kōnenki

Margaret Lock

in Encounters with Aging: Mythologies of Menopause in Japan and North America

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520082212
eISBN:
9780520916623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520082212.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The complexity of the narratives given by Japanese women only rarely results from minds unschooled in human biology. What they reveal, on the contrary, is women's unwillingness to reduce the meaning ... More


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