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The Community of All Human Beings

Katja Maria Vogt

in Law, Reason, and the Cosmic City: Political Philosophy in the Early Stoa

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195320091
eISBN:
9780199869657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320091.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The Stoics propose a cosmopolitan theory, but not in a modern sense of the term: their cosmic city is the cosmos. The Stoic theory is also not well described as impartialist or universalist; it calls ... More


De Partibus Animalium IV.10 686a31

Pavel Gregoric

in Aristotle on the Common Sense

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199277377
eISBN:
9780191707537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277377.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In PA IV.10 Aristotle explains the upright posture of human beings with reference to physiological factors that determine the abilities to think and behave intelligently. A detailed interpretation ... More


Amour‐Propre's Role in Forming Rational Subjects

Frederick Neuhouser

in Rousseau's Theodicy of Self-Love: Evil, Rationality, and the Drive for Recognition

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199542673
eISBN:
9780191715402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542673.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The preceding chapter distinguished three features of the frame of mind individuals must acquire in order to assume the standpoint of reason. This chapter determines what role amour-propre might play ... More


Moral, Believing Animals: Human Personhood and Culture

Christian Smith

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195162028
eISBN:
9780199849673
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162028.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

What kind of animals are human beings? And how do our visions of the human shape our theories of social action and institutions? This book offers answers to these and other fundamental questions in ... More


Introduction

Christian Smith

in Moral, Believing Animals: Human Personhood and Culture

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195162028
eISBN:
9780199849673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162028.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This book offers answers to some of the fundamental questions regarding how our visions of humans shape our theories of social action and institutions. It ultimately presumes that the animals called ... More


Constructing human agency

Annabel S. Brett

in Changes of State: Nature and the Limits of the City in Early Modern Natural Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691141930
eISBN:
9781400838622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691141930.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter argues that human agency is free agency. It is freedom, or dominium over one's own actions, which makes a human being different from all other animals; and it is the foundation of the ... More


The European Union and Trafficking in Persons: From Traffickers' Prosecution to Victims' Protection?

Silvia Scarpa

in Trafficking in Human Beings: Modern Slavery

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199541904
eISBN:
9780191715464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541904.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter discusses the role played by the European Union in the fight against trafficking in persons; the two legislative acts specifically dealing with this phenomenon — the Council Framework ... More


Animals and World Religions

Lisa Kemmerer

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199790678
eISBN:
9780199919178
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199790678.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This book focuses on core religious teachings that explain how human beings ought to behave in relation to other animals, with the intent that this information be considered in light of contemporary ... More


Introduction

Lloyd P. Gerson

in Knowing Persons: A Study in Plato

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199288670
eISBN:
9780191717789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288670.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This introductory chapter discusses the main argument of the book, namely that Plato does indeed wish to distinguish between human beings and persons. However, Plato's account of persons is not ... More


Reason and Identity: Isaiah Berlin Lecture

BHIKHU PAREKH

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 162, 2008 Lectures

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264584
eISBN:
9780191734069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264584.003.0010
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This lecture presents the text of the speech about reason and identity delivered by the author at the 2008 Isaiah Berlin Lecture held at the British Academy. It discusses the style and content of Sir ... More


The Fight against Trafficking in Persons and Victims' Protection in the Council of Europe

Silvia Scarpa

in Trafficking in Human Beings: Modern Slavery

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199541904
eISBN:
9780191715464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541904.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter reviews the action of the Council of Europe in the field of trafficking in persons. The European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHR) adopted by ... More


Martin Luther: Confessor of the Faith

Robert Kolb

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199208937
eISBN:
9780191695742
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208937.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, History of Christianity

Martin Luther's thought continues to challenge people throughout the world in the twenty-first century. His paradigmatic shift in defining God and what it means to be human left behind a foundation ... More


Introduction

David DeGrazia

in Creation Ethics: Reproduction, Genetics, and Quality of Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195389630
eISBN:
9780199949731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389630.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The chapter opens by introducing the concept of creation and explaining the various ways in which human beings create, or in the future will create, human beings and particular types of human beings: ... More


Persons and Minds

Katalin Farkas

in The Subject's Point of View

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199230327
eISBN:
9780191710629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230327.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Our list of mental features is the same as the Cartesian list, and rather different from, say, the Aristotelian list of psychological powers. The present proposal is not committed to dualism about ... More


Conclusion

Mary Anne Warren

in Moral Status: Obligations to Persons and Other Living Things

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250401
eISBN:
9780191681295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250401.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter presents a few concluding remarks about the goal of achieving a greater consensus in our judgements of moral status. It argues that adopting a multi-criterial theory of moral status does ... More


Aristotle: Nature

Terence Irwin

in The Development of Ethics: Volume 1: From Socrates to the Reformation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242673
eISBN:
9780191680519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242673.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter looks more closely at Aristotle's position on function, essence, and nature. Here Aristotle explains what he means by attributing a function ... More


Foundational Beliefs

David Hodgson

in Rationality + Consciousness = Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199845309
eISBN:
9780199932269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845309.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

Chapter 1 begins by considering what are my own most certain and most fundamental beliefs, and suggests that they are the most reasonable starting points for addressing questions concerning free ... More


Robert Spaemann's Philosophy of the Human Person: Nature, Freedom, and the Critique of Modernity

Holger Zaborowski

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199576777
eISBN:
9780191722295
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576777.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

The German philosopher Robert Spaemann provides an important contribution to a number of contemporary debates in philosophy and theology, opening up possibilities for conversation between these ... More


The Constraints of Hume's Naturalism

Barry Stroud

in Philosophers Past and Present: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608591
eISBN:
9780191729621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608591.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

‘Naturalism’ can perhaps be understood as the project of explaining all aspects of human life, thought, and action on the basis of what can be found to be so in observable nature. There seems nothing ... More


Epilogue: Beyond Social Science

Carl N. Degler

in In Search of Human Nature: The Decline and Revival of Darwinism in American Social Thought

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195077070
eISBN:
9780199853991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195077070.003.0014
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter suggests that Charles Darwin's evolutionary theory will continue to dominate future studies of human behavior. Despite criticisms on the Darwinian Imperative and the problems in placing ... More


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