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Free Will and Modern Science

Richard Swinburne (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264898
eISBN:
9780191754074
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264898.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Do humans have a free choice of which actions to perform? Three recent developments of modern science can help us to answer this question. First, new investigative tools have enabled us to study the ... More


Neuromotor Mechanisms in Human Communication

Doreen Kimura

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195054927
eISBN:
9780199872268
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195054927.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

Using two decades worth of research with patients who have experienced pathology in one hemisphere of the brain, this book deals with brain mechanisms in human communicative behavior, and with ... More


The Antisocial Brain

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter examines the arguments that claim that human antisocial behavior—notably impulsivity, aggression, and related forms of criminal conduct—have neurobiological roots. While neurobiological ... More


Viral Fitness: The Next SARS and West Nile in the Making

Jaap Goudsmit

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195130348
eISBN:
9780199790166
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130348.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

Rarely have humans been as threatened by viruses as they are today. It almost seems as if a virus invasion is taking place. Viruses have lately been coming out of nowhere and appearing in the ... More


Scholarly Perspectives

Emilie M. Hafner-Burton

in Making Human Rights a Reality

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155357
eISBN:
9781400846283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155357.003.0005
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This chapter reviews scholarly research on international human rights law, focusing on systematic studies that are based on historical statistics and carried out by social scientists. The systematic, ... More


 Social Groups and Institutional Constraints

Ann E. Cudd

in Analyzing Oppression

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195187434
eISBN:
9780199786213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187431.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter characterizes social groups and institutions in a way that meets the plausible objections of individualists, yet allows a social explanation of oppression. Topics discussed include ... More


Dog Behaviour, Evolution, and Cognition

Adam Miklosi

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199295852
eISBN:
9780191711688
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199295852.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The main aim of this book is to provide a basis for a complete dog behavioural biology based on concepts derived from contemporary ethology. Thus, dog behaviour is viewed from both functional ... More


 Can Religion Cause Behavior?

Mark D. Regnerus

in Forbidden Fruit: Sex and Religion in the Lives of American Teenagers

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195320947
eISBN:
9780199785452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320947.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter reviews and evaluates the various ways in which social scientists have come to understand how religion affects human behavior in general, and adolescent sex in particular. In a nutshell, ... More


Managing Brains, Minds, and Selves

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This concluding chapter suggests that for the human sciences, there is nothing to fear in the rise to prominence of neurobiological attempt to understand and account for human behavior. It is ... More


Darwin’s Legacy: What Evolution Means Today

John Dupré

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199284214
eISBN:
9780191700286
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284214.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Charles Darwin transformed our understanding of the universe and our place in it with his development of the theory of evolution. One hundred and fifty years later, we are still puzzling over the ... More


Misinformation, Misrepresentation, and Misuse of Human Bbehavioral Genetics Research

Jonathan Kaplan

in The Impact of Behavioral Sciences on Criminal Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195340525
eISBN:
9780199867219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340525.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter explores some of the limits of human behavioral genetics research, focusing on how these limits affect the reasonableness of the interpretations and uses of the research results. It ... More


The Brain in the Wild: Tracking Human Behavior in Natural and Naturalistic Settings

Matthew Rizzo, Scott Robinson, and Vicki Neale

in Neuroergonomics: The brain at work

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177619
eISBN:
9780199864683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177619.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the use of a “people tracker” to study human behavior in the real world. Modern technology allows for the development of various “people trackers” using combinations of ... More


The Developmental Neuroscience of Criminal Behavior

Abigail A. Baird

in The Impact of Behavioral Sciences on Criminal Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195340525
eISBN:
9780199867219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340525.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter explores how cognition and emotion work together synergistically to produce predictable behavior, independent of its utility. It shows that in high-stakes situations, emotional response ... More


Game Theory and Human Behavior

Herbert Gintis

in The Bounds of Reason: Game Theory and the Unification of the Behavioral Sciences

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160849
eISBN:
9781400851348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160849.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

Game theory is multiplayer decision theory where the choices of each player affect the payoffs to other players, and the players take this into account in their choice behavior. This chapter ... More


Changing conservation behaviors

Susan K. Jacobson, Mallory D. McDuff, and Martha C. Monroe

in Conservation Education and Outreach Techniques

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567714
eISBN:
9780191718311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567714.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The road to behavior change is paved with many theories. The disciplines of education, sociology, and psychology provide frameworks and models that can be used to influence people's ... More


Biology Redivivus

Carl N. Degler

in In Search of Human Nature: The Decline and Revival of Darwinism in American Social Thought

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195077070
eISBN:
9780199853991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195077070.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter examines the revival of interest in the study of biology as the basis of the differences in human behavior in the U.S. during the 1960s. Despite signs of a culturalist triumph, a growing ... More


Mind in Action

Bede Rundle

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198236917
eISBN:
9780191679414
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236917.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book challenges the quasi-mechanical view of human action that is dominant in contemporary philosophy of mind. A materialist view of the mind and a causal theory of action fit together ... More


The Uses of Biology

Carl N. Degler

in In Search of Human Nature: The Decline and Revival of Darwinism in American Social Thought

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195077070
eISBN:
9780199853991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195077070.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter examines social scientists' use of biology in the study of human behavior. The conundrum of the roots of the incest taboo among human beings is surely the most elaborate example of the ... More


Altruism

Stephen Stich, John M. Doris, and Erica Roedder

in Collected Papers, Volume 2: Knowledge, Rationality, and Morality, 1978-2010

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199733477
eISBN:
9780199949823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199733477.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter focuses on an issue that has vexed philosophers since Plato: is genuinely altruistic behavior possible, or is all human behavior ultimately selfish? It begins in Section 2 with a brief ... More


Genes and Human Psychological Traits

Thomas J. Jr. Bouchard

in The Innate Mind, Volume 3: Foundations and the Future

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195332834
eISBN:
9780199868117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332834.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter shows that genetic variation is an important feature of virtually every human psychological trait and must be taken into account in any comprehensive explanation (theory) of human ... More


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