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The Specification of Human Actions in St Thomas Aquinas

Joseph Pilsner

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199286058
eISBN:
9780191603808
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286051.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Thomas Aquinas believed that human actions have kinds or species. He divided human actions into good, evil, or indifferent, and subdivided them into more particular kinds such as almsgiving, murder, ... More


Object

Joseph Pilsner

in The Specification of Human Actions in St Thomas Aquinas

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199286058
eISBN:
9780191603808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286051.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Aquinas asserts on many occasions that human actions are specified by their objects. Two meanings he gives to the term ‘object’ are particularly significant. On some occasions, he uses ‘object’ to ... More


End

Joseph Pilsner

in The Specification of Human Actions in St Thomas Aquinas

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199286058
eISBN:
9780191603808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286051.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Aquinas asserts that ends specify human actions, and explains this point by comparing human actions with other realities. For example, he maintains that an end is comparable to a form in a natural ... More


Human Actions and Aquinas's Moral Theory

Joseph Pilsner

in The Specification of Human Actions in St Thomas Aquinas

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199286058
eISBN:
9780191603808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286051.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The importance of specification of human actions in Aquinas becomes clearer when one recognizes the indispensable role that human actions play in his moral theory as a whole. For Aquinas, human ... More


Proximate and Remote Ends

Joseph Pilsner

in The Specification of Human Actions in St Thomas Aquinas

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199286058
eISBN:
9780191603808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286051.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Theology

There is an apparent paradox with respect to Aquinas’s teaching on proximate and remote ends. On some occasions, he seems to assert that a proximate end specifies a human action, while the remote end ... More


Does brain science change our view of free will?1

PATRICK HAGGARD

in Free Will and Modern Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264898
eISBN:
9780191754074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264898.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explores the interaction between neuroscience and free will. First, it considers how freely willed actions should be defined. Second, it outlines current understanding of brain ... More


Conclusion

Joseph Pilsner

in The Specification of Human Actions in St Thomas Aquinas

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199286058
eISBN:
9780191603808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286051.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter shows that end, object, matter, circumstance, and motive can all be understood to contribute to the specification of human actions for Aquinas in a fundamentally consistent way. Although ... More


Matter

Joseph Pilsner

in The Specification of Human Actions in St Thomas Aquinas

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199286058
eISBN:
9780191603808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286051.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Aquinas sometimes says that matter specifies a human action, and frequently uses ‘matter’ as an alternative term for ‘object’. He does not hold that all matter can determine a human action’s species, ... More


Circumstance

Joseph Pilsner

in The Specification of Human Actions in St Thomas Aquinas

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199286058
eISBN:
9780191603808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286051.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology

A circumstance is an attendant property of an action. In murder, for instance, one might take note of the time, the type of weapon, or the perpetrator’s height. Although Aquinas in some contexts ... More


Introduction

Joseph Pilsner

in The Specification of Human Actions in St Thomas Aquinas

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199286058
eISBN:
9780191603808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286051.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

A crucial task for any moral theory is to determine what makes a human action to be of a certain kind. For instance, what makes almsgiving to be in its own species rather than in the species of theft ... More


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