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The Diplomacy of Nationalism: The Six Companies and China’s Policy toward Exclusion

Yucheng Qin

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824832742
eISBN:
9780824871376
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824832742.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This is a striking, original portrait of the Chinese Six Companies (Zhonghua huiguan), or Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Association, the most prominent support organization for Chinese immigrants ... More


Continuity and Change: The Chinese Huiguan Tradition Crosses the Pacific, 1850s

Yucheng Qin

in The Diplomacy of Nationalism: The Six Companies and China’s Policy toward Exclusion

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824832742
eISBN:
9780824871376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824832742.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines how Chinese immigrants transferred their huiguan tradition to the United States during the 1850s and formed many native-place associations for self-defense and mutual aid. It ... More


Toward a New Chinese Self-image: The Beginning of Modern Chinese Nationalism in California, 1860s

Yucheng Qin

in The Diplomacy of Nationalism: The Six Companies and China’s Policy toward Exclusion

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824832742
eISBN:
9780824871376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824832742.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the emergence of modern Chinese nationalism in California during the 1860s. It begins with a discussion of Chinese immigration in the 1860s and the factors that influenced ... More


Setting the Tone and Format: The Six Companies as Spokesman, 1870–1878

Yucheng Qin

in The Diplomacy of Nationalism: The Six Companies and China’s Policy toward Exclusion

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824832742
eISBN:
9780824871376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824832742.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the role of the Chinese Six Companies as spokesman for all the Chinese in the United States during the period 1870–1878. As a federation of huiguan, the Six Companies had an ... More


Conclusion

Yucheng Qin

in The Diplomacy of Nationalism: The Six Companies and China’s Policy toward Exclusion

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824832742
eISBN:
9780824871376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824832742.003.0008
Subject:
History, Asian History

This concluding chapter summarizes the book’s main points regarding the diplomacy of the Chinese Six Companies and its impact on important developments in nineteenth-century Chinese-American history, ... More


Introduction

Yucheng Qin

in The Diplomacy of Nationalism: The Six Companies and China’s Policy toward Exclusion

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824832742
eISBN:
9780824871376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824832742.003.0009
Subject:
History, Asian History

This book is about the Chinese Six Companies in California and their policies and strategies to counter racism, from organizing its own community and developing modern nationalism, to teaching the ... More


The Companies, the Tongs, and the Law

Scott Zesch

in The Chinatown War: Chinese Los Angeles and the Massacre of 1871

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199758760
eISBN:
9780190254445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199758760.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter focuses on “companies,” the enigmatic associations formed by Chinese immigrants in Los Angeles during the late nineteenth century. It first describes how “companies,” which referred to ... More


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