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English in Europe

Manfred Görlach

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199273102
eISBN:
9780191706271
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273102.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, English Language

This book charts the English invasion of Europe since 1945. Sixteen contributors report on the English words and phrases that have become integral parts of their languages. Each describes the effect ... More


Quantitative Viral Ecology: Dynamics of Viruses and Their Microbial Hosts

Joshua S. Weitz

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161549
eISBN:
9781400873968
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161549.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

When we think about viruses we tend to consider ones that afflict humans—such as those that cause influenza, HIV, and Ebola. Yet, vastly more viruses infect single-celled microbes. Diverse and ... More


Toward the Future: The UNHCR in the Twenty‐First Century

Gil Loescher

in The UNHCR and World Politics: A Perilous Path

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246915
eISBN:
9780191599781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246912.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

A key focus is the organizational culture and effectiveness of UNHCR as the principal protection agency for refugees. UNHCR functions with an imperfect mandate, under circumstances necessitating ... More


Evolutionary Dynamics of Viruses or Microbes, but Not Both

Joshua S. Weitz

in Quantitative Viral Ecology: Dynamics of Viruses and Their Microbial Hosts

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161549
eISBN:
9781400873968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161549.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the evolutionary dynamics of viruses. Preexisting variation in host phenotypes include variants with different levels of susceptibility to viruses, including complete ... More


‘The Good Offices’ and Expansion into Africa Under Felix Schnyder

Gil Loescher

in The UNHCR and World Politics: A Perilous Path

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246915
eISBN:
9780191599781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246912.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The 1960s brought fundamental changes to the UN system of refugee assistance and protection. The developing world replaced Europe as the central focus of the UNHCR's world. The expansion of the UNHCR ... More


Relaxation Processes in Micromagnetics

Harry Suhl

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198528029
eISBN:
9780191713545
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528029.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Electrons in solids behave like microscopic bar magnets, and in certain solids these align to produce macroscopic magnetizations. This book deals with the dynamics of this magnetization field. It ... More


Spatial-temporal dynamics of rabies in ecological communities

Leslie A. Real and James E. Childs

in Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

As new species invade novel geographic regions, they have the propensity to reorganize multi-species community interactions. The expansion of the rabies virus in Europe and across the eastern United ... More


Conclusions

Phil Almond, Trevor Colling, Tony Edwards, and Anthony Ferner

in American Multinationals in Europe: Managing Employment Relations Across National Borders

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199274635
eISBN:
9780191706530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274635.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR

This concluding chapter reviews the evidence gathered in the case studies, and contemplates their contribution to the understanding of country of origin, host country, sectoral, and global dominance ... More


Introduction: American Multinationals and the Cross-National Management of Employment Relations

Anthony Ferner and Phil Almond

in American Multinationals in Europe: Managing Employment Relations Across National Borders

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199274635
eISBN:
9780191706530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274635.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR

This chapter explains the background and rationale behind the study of the management of international HR and employment relations in US multinationals in four European host countries: the UK, ... More


Overview of the Host Business Systems

Tony Edwards, Paddy Gunnigle, Javier Quintanilla, and Hartmut Wächter

in American Multinationals in Europe: Managing Employment Relations Across National Borders

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199274635
eISBN:
9780191706530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274635.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR

This chapter establishes the distinctive characteristics of the four host business systems: the UK, Germany, Ireland, and Spain. After providing an overview of the role of foreign, particularly US, ... More


Genotypic Specificity of Grass-Endophyte Interactions

Gregory P. Cheplick and Stanley H. Faeth

in Ecology and Evolution of the Grass-Endophyte Symbiosis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308082
eISBN:
9780199867462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308082.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

For ongoing coevolution of the grass-endophyte symbiosis through the agents of natural selection, there must be genetic variation within populations for both host and endophyte. The breeding systems ... More


Evolutionary Ecology of Grass-Endophyte Interactions

Gregory P. Cheplick and Stanley H. Faeth

in Ecology and Evolution of the Grass-Endophyte Symbiosis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308082
eISBN:
9780199867462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308082.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Because systemic endophytes predominantly inhabit caespitose perennial grasses and seedling recruitment may be relatively scarce, understanding how infection alters the population dynamics and ... More


Tunnel inclusion complexes formed by hosts of lesser versatility

Frank H. Herbstein

in Crystalline Molecular Complexes and Compounds: Structures and Principles

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198526605
eISBN:
9780191712142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526605.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Crystalline tunnel inclusion complexes have one-dimensional tunnels in their structures. The host molecules, which constitute the matrix, may be bonded together by directional bonds or van der Waals ... More


Is Metal Uptake Related to Ecological Niche in the Vertebrate Host?

Joseph Lemire, Trevor F. Moraes, Vahid Fa Andisi, and Anthony B. Schryvers

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

There is a complex interplay between the vertebrate host and the microbes that inhabit its mucosal surfaces in their competition for essential metal ions. Mucosal surfaces in the host constitute an ... More


Host Specificity

Marisa Tellez

in A Checklist of Host-Parasite Interactions of the Order Crocodylia

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780520098893
eISBN:
9780520957367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098893.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Patterns of parasitism among crocodilian species include generalist and specialists. Overall, there are fewer generalist parasite species (∼99) than host-specific species (∼103). Explanations for ... More


Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Sharon K. Collinge and Chris Ray (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Many infectious diseases of recent concern, including malaria, cholera, plague, and Lyme disease, have emerged from complex ecological communities involving multiple hosts and their associated ... More


EPILOGUE

Jaap Goudsmit

in Viral Fitness: The Next SARS and West Nile in the Making

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195130348
eISBN:
9780199790166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130348.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses several issues concerning viruses. These include the increasing threat to humans posed by viruses, the settlement of virus families in the population, and the spread of viruses ... More


Design Tradeoffs

Richard M. Murray

in Biomolecular Feedback Systems

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161532
eISBN:
9781400850501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161532.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter describes some of the design tradeoffs arising from the interaction between synthetic circuits and the host organism. It first considers the effects of competition for shared cellular ... More


Viral Life History Traits

Joshua S. Weitz

in Quantitative Viral Ecology: Dynamics of Viruses and Their Microbial Hosts

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161549
eISBN:
9781400873968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161549.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter discusses a number of key commonalities and differences among viral life history traits. Viruses have two key life history stages: inside and outside a host cell. Viral infections of ... More


Population Dynamics of Viruses and Microbes

Joshua S. Weitz

in Quantitative Viral Ecology: Dynamics of Viruses and Their Microbial Hosts

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161549
eISBN:
9781400873968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161549.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter discusses how virus–host interactions affect population dynamics. Models of virus–host interactions suggest that long-term persistence between a single virus population and a single host ... More


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