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Order in Multiplicity: Homonymy in the Philosophy of Aristotle

Christopher Shields

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253074
eISBN:
9780191598401
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253072.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Aristotle regularly identifies philosophical and scientific concepts as homonymous; indeed, his preoccupation with homonymy influences his approach to many subjects and clearly structures his ... More


A Cognitive View of Synonymy

Werner Hüllen

in Networks and Knowledge in Roget's Thesaurus

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199553235
eISBN:
9780191720352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553235.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Lexicography

The chapter provides a concept of synonymy which all my historical and book-orientated research has as its basis. Synonymy is not merely an anomaly in the semiotic system because it disregards the ... More


Aristotle's De Interpretatione 8 is about Ambiguity *

Susanne Bobzien

in Maieusis: Essays in Ancient Philosophy in Honour of Myles Burnyeat

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199289974
eISBN:
9780191711008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289974.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter shows that contrary to the prevalent view, in his De Interpretatione 8, Aristotle is concerned with homonymy; more precisely, with homonymy of linguistic expressions as it may occur in ... More


The Varieties of Homonymy

Christopher Shields

in Order in Multiplicity: Homonymy in the Philosophy of Aristotle

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253074
eISBN:
9780191598401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253072.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The aims of this chapter are, firstly, to understand homonymy, or multivocity; secondly, to reveal the theoretical foundations of homonymy; and thirdly, to reflect on the cogency of the general ... More


The Body

Christopher Shields

in Order in Multiplicity: Homonymy in the Philosophy of Aristotle

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253074
eISBN:
9780191598401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253072.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Shields begins the investigation of the practical application of homonymy by considering the principle use of discrete, seductive homonymy; the body, for Aristotle, is a discreet homonym. Aristotle's ... More


The Plan of the Categories

Michael V. Wedin

in Aristotle's Theory of Substance: The Categories and Metaphysics Zeta

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253081
eISBN:
9780191598647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253080.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Wedin argues, against prevailing opinions, that Aristotle's account of homonymy, synonymy, and paronymy, with which the Categories begins, must be understood as an integral part of the treatise. The ... More


Parts and Unity in the Definition of the Soul

Thomas Kjeller Johansen

in The Powers of Aristotle's Soul

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199658435
eISBN:
9780191742231
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658435.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The question whether the soul has parts arises for Aristotle because of his concern with the unity of the soul. DA II.2 gives us a way of differentiating parts which does not violate the unity of the ... More


The Argument from Relatives

Gail Fine

in On Ideas: Aristotle's Criticism of Plato's Theory of Forms

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235491
eISBN:
9780191597398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235496.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Fine begins to examine the so‐called ‘More Accurate’ arguments, beginning with the Argument from Relatives. The Argument from Relatives is important for two reasons; it is the only argument that ... More


Core‐Dependent Homonymy

Christopher Shields

in Order in Multiplicity: Homonymy in the Philosophy of Aristotle

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253074
eISBN:
9780191598401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253072.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The last chapter of Part I is an examination of the general framework of core‐dependent homonymy, Aristotle's most striking use of homonymy for philosophical purposes. If Aristotle can establish both ... More


Goodness

Christopher Shields

in Order in Multiplicity: Homonymy in the Philosophy of Aristotle

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253074
eISBN:
9780191598401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253072.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Shields argues that Aristotle is correct to argue for application of the homonymy to goodness, although it is only a partial success, as certain of Aristotle's arguments to this end are not good. ... More


Words, words, words

Werner Hüllen

in A History of Roget's Thesaurus: Origins, Development, and Design

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199254729
eISBN:
9780191719868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254729.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter examines terms such as synonymy, homonymy, and polysemy as denoting ordinary linguistic experience, and semantic fields, semantic features, and semantic models (for example, prototypes) ... More


The Homonymy of Being

Christopher Shields

in Order in Multiplicity: Homonymy in the Philosophy of Aristotle

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253074
eISBN:
9780191598401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253072.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

One argument for the homonymy of goodness fails, because Aristotle attempts to show that it is derived from the homonymy of being; but being, as Shields argues in the final chapter, is not ... More


Polysemy

John R Taylor

in The Mental Corpus: How language is represented in the mind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199290802
eISBN:
9780191741388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290802.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Critically examines the standard definition of polysemy as the association of two or more related meanings with a single linguistic form. Each of the terms of definition turns out to be problematic. ... More


Plato as seen by Aristotle Plato as seen by Aristotle Metaphysics A 6

Carlos Steel

in Aristotle's Metaphysics Alpha: Symposium Aristotelicum

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199639984
eISBN:
9780191743337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639984.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In chapter 6 Aristotle introduces Plato's views on the first principles. In the first part Aristotle offers a plausible account on how Plato came to develop the doctrine of the Forms. The second ... More


Are Some Languages Better than Others?

R. M. W. Dixon

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198766810
eISBN:
9780191821066
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198766810.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

There was a tendency, in the nineteenth century, for Europeans to denigrate the customs of dark-skinned peoples, and to put forward the uninformed opinion that their languages were ‘primitive’. To ... More


Subjects in Metaphysics Zeta 3

Frank A. Lewis

in How Aristotle gets by in Metaphysics Zeta

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199664016
eISBN:
9780191748431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664016.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Z3 gives Aristotle’s agenda of “received” candidates for the definition of substance—as subject, as essence, and as universal and as genus—and discusses substance as subject. Z3 shares its definition ... More


Patterns of syncretism and paradigm complexity: The case of Old and Middle Indic declension

Paolo Milizia

in Understanding and Measuring Morphological Complexity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198723769
eISBN:
9780191791109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723769.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

Using the development of the inflection of ‐a‐ adjectives in Old and Middle Indic as a case study, this chapter aims to argue that those phenomena of synchronic syncretism (i.e. inflectional ... More


Word meaning

Stephen Wechsler

in Word Meaning and Syntax: Approaches to the Interface

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199279883
eISBN:
9780191757563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279883.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

The fundamental problem of word meaning is analyzed, mainly organized around the key issues of polysemy and vagueness. ‘Polysemy’ refers to the existence of multiple senses for a word. Homonymy, ... More


How many words should there be?

R. M. W. Dixon

in Are Some Languages Better than Others?

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198766810
eISBN:
9780191821066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198766810.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

It is good for a language to be specific. For example to distinguish (as Hungarian does) between the two kinds of ‘queen’—she who is a ruler in her own right, and she who is the wife of a king-ruler. ... More


Inflection versus derivation

Laurie Bauer, Rochelle Lieber, and Ingo Plag

in The Oxford Reference Guide to English Morphology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198747062
eISBN:
9780191809323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747062.003.0024
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, English Language

This chapter reviews the notion of conversion and its correlates, concentrating on two points. First, it is concerned with which of the various types of systematic homonymy or polysemy that can be ... More


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