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Avicenna

Jon McGinnis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195331479
eISBN:
9780199868032
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331479.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The aim of the present work is threefold. One, it intends to place the thought of Avicenna within its proper historical context, whether the philosophical-scientific tradition inherited from the ... More


 History Revisited: Pyrrhic Victories for Scientific Realism

P. Kyle Stanford

in Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195174083
eISBN:
9780199786367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174089.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the most influential recent efforts by scientific realists to blunt or block the pessimistic induction by engaging the details of the history of science itself, including the ... More


The Theory Ladenness of the Mental Processes Used in the Scientific Enterprise 1: Evidence from Cognitive Psychology and the History of Science

William F. Brewer

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the issue of the theory ladenness of observation. Data from laboratory experiments and episodes in the history of science provide convincing evidence that perception is ... More


Is There a Christian History of Science?

Edward B. Davis

in Scholarship and Christian Faith: Enlarging the Conversation

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195170382
eISBN:
9780199835669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195170385.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This essay argues that the history of science and faith is not one of ongoing conflict. While earlier historiographers like Andrew Dickson White portrayed a triumphal science engaged in “warfare” ... More


Introduction

Mark Carey

in In the Shadow of Melting Glaciers: Climate Change and Andean Society

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195396065
eISBN:
9780199775682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396065.003.0001
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter introduces the subject of Peruvian responses to climate change and ensuing glacier catastrophes from 1941 to the present. In Peru's Cordillera Blanca mountain range, which towers above ... More


Science, Scientists, and the History of Science in India (1966–94)

Dhruv Raina

in Images and Contexts: The Historiography of Science and Modernity in India

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198068808
eISBN:
9780199080113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198068808.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter reviews a genre of the history of science appearing in the Indian Journal of History of Science that strictly observes the internal-external divide. One of the elements of this review is ... More


Whatever Should We Do with Cartesian Method?—Reclaiming Descartes for the History of Science

John A. Schuster

in Essays on the Philosophy and Science of René Descartes

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195075519
eISBN:
9780199853052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195075519.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter describes the discovery, perfection, and application of the scientific method as the Scientific Revolution happens. Bacon, Galileo, Harvey, Huygens, and Newton were singularly successful ... More


Science in the Looking Glass: What Do Scientists Really Know?

E. Brian Davies

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199219186
eISBN:
9780191711695
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219186.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

How do scientific conjectures become laws? Why does proof mean different things in different sciences? Do numbers exist, or were they invented? Why do some laws turn out to be wrong? This book ... More


The Missing Picture *

Dhruv Raina

in Images and Contexts: The Historiography of Science and Modernity in India

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198068808
eISBN:
9780199080113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198068808.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Almost four decades after the volumes of Joseph Needham's Science and Civilization in China first appeared, it is fitting to ask why an Indian equivalent has not been produced. In attempting to seek ... More


Flaubert's Tentation: Remapping Nineteenth-Century French Histories of Religion and Science

Mary Orr

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199258581
eISBN:
9780191718083
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258581.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, World Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This book studies in English of Flaubert's least well‐known masterpiece, the final version of his Tentation de saint Antoine (1874). Thanks to Foucault, the work has the reputation of being an arcane ... More


Scientism and Romanticism

Dhruv Raina

in Images and Contexts: The Historiography of Science and Modernity in India

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198068808
eISBN:
9780199080113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198068808.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In studies on the history of science and technology in India, the historiographic frames are structured by a host of factors, such as the nature of the interaction between traditional forms of ... More


The Process of Conceptual Change

Susan Carey

in The Origin of Concepts

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195367638
eISBN:
9780199867349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367638.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter argues that Quinian bootstrapping underlies conceptual change, illustrating with examples drawn from conceptual change in the history of science as well as from conceptual change in ... More


Early Stratospheric Science, Chlorofluorocarbons, and the Emergence of Environmental Concern

Edward A. Parson

in Protecting the Ozone Layer: Science and Strategy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195155495
eISBN:
9780199833955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195155491.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

As background to the book, a brief and historically organized account is given of highlights in (1) the early science of the stratosphere, (2) the development and use of chlorofluorohydrocarbons ... More


Introduction

Dhruv Raina

in Images and Contexts: The Historiography of Science and Modernity in India

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198068808
eISBN:
9780199080113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198068808.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book is about how Indian scientists and historians of science engaged with the sciences of India. From the Orientalist period through the nationalist period, to the period of Nehruvian socialism ... More


Where Meanings Were Made

Nicholas Jardine

in The Scenes of Inquiry: On the Reality of Questions in the Sciences

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250395
eISBN:
9780191681288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250395.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter presents several guidelines for historians out to describe and explain the production of meaning in the sciences. It considers two important implications of the question-based account. ... More


Discussing Chemistry and Steam: The Minutes of a Coffee House Philosophical Society 1780-1787

Trevor H. Levere and Gerard L'E Turner (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198515302
eISBN:
9780191705694
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515302.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This book contains an edition of the Minutes of the Coffee House Philosophical Society 1780-1787, as transcribed by William Nicholson, the secretary to the society. The 1780s were exciting years for ... More


Future Trajectories

Dhruv Raina

in Images and Contexts: The Historiography of Science and Modernity in India

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198068808
eISBN:
9780199080113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198068808.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The history of modern science dates back 300 or 400 years, depending on when historians or sociologically oriented historians seek to place the birth or origins of modern science, and historians of ... More


Publication as Preservation at a Remote Maya Site in the Early Twentieth Century*

Donna Yates

in From Plunder to Preservation: Britain and the Heritage of Empire, c.1800–1940

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265413
eISBN:
9780191760464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265413.003.0010
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter concerns the concept of ‘remoteness’ in early Mesoamerican archaeology as a factor in site preservation. Throughout the nineteenth century, Maya sites were academically and popularly ... More


What Has History of Science to Do with History of Philosophy?

Tad M. Schmaltz

in Philosophy and Its History: Aims and Methods in the Study of Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199857142
eISBN:
9780199345427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199857142.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter considers the relation of history of philosophy to the history of science. Though these two disciplines are naturally linked, they also have special commitments that distinguish each ... More


Introduction

Amos Morris-Reich

in Race and Photography: Racial Photography as Scientific Evidence, 1876-1980

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226320748
eISBN:
9780226320915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226320915.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The Introduction frames the study of racial photography as scientific evidence. Based on the works of Lorraine Daston and Ian Hacking, the chapter develops the notion of “practical epistemology” as a ... More


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