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FORGOTTEN HISTORIES AND UNCERTAIN LEGACIES

Kevin C. Karnes

in Music, Criticism, and the Challenge of History: Shaping Modern Musical Thought in Late Nineteenth Century Vienna

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195368666
eISBN:
9780199867547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368666.003.0002
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter offers a substantial reevaluation of Hanslick's work by situating it at the center of late 19th-century debates about the future of the discipline he helped to found. Hired by the ... More


History Writing as Reconstruction: The Beginnings of Holocaust Research from the Perspective of Its Victims

Laura Jockusch

in Collect and Record!: Jewish Holocaust Documentation in Early Postwar Europe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199764556
eISBN:
9780199979578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764556.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Historiography

The conclusion examines similarities and differences among the featured commissions and documentation centers and evaluates their importance for Holocaust studies. It argues that part of the reason ... More


Life: Genesis of a Metaphysical Paradigm

Davide Tarizzo

in Life: A Modern Invention

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780816691593
eISBN:
9781452958835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816691593.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Examines the emergence and the metaphysical meaning of “autonomous life” in the fields of philosophy (Kant, Fichte, Schelling) and of biology (from Darwin to Dawkins), then explaining where, why and ... More


Darwinism: How Much Does It Explain?

David Fergusson

in Faith and Its Critics: A Conversation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199569380
eISBN:
9780191702051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569380.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter explores the scope of neo-Darwinism in relation to the history of life on earth, and asks whether its explanatory power can extend to religious belief and activity. First, it discusses ... More


Introduction

Dipesh Chakrabarty

in The Calling of History: Sir Jadunath Sarkar and His Empire of Truth

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226100449
eISBN:
9780226240244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226240244.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

The Introduction explains why and how this book came to be written and introduces Sarkar and Sardesai, the two main historians at the center of the narrative. It situates their historiographical ... More


Curriculum Reforms in World War II Chicago

Ian Rocksborough-Smith

in Black Public History in Chicago: Civil Rights Activism from World War II into the Cold War

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780252041662
eISBN:
9780252050336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041662.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

In Chicago, many African American pubic-history activists initially connected their work to struggles for racial justice partly in the tradition of the Association for the Study of Negro Life and ... More


Sexuality and Sexual Orientation: Learning or Biology?

Jacques Balthazart

in The Biology of Homosexuality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199838820
eISBN:
9780199919512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838820.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter reviews the various theories that have been advanced to explain homosexuality from an environmental perspective and shows why these theories, although they are still widespread, are not ... More


Modernity: The Threshold of Autonomy

Davide Tarizzo

in Life: A Modern Invention

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780816691593
eISBN:
9781452958835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816691593.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Considers the emergence and the meaning of “autonomy” in modern philosophy, by paying special attention to the Kantian turn and its aftermath.


Us: On the Use and Abuse of Life for History

Davide Tarizzo

in Life: A Modern Invention

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780816691593
eISBN:
9781452958835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816691593.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Considers the repercussions of such a metaphysical framework in political history, with special emphasis on Nazism and contemporary trends in political theory and practices


Origins: The Search for Our Prehistoric Past

Frank H. T. Rhodes

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501702440
eISBN:
9781501706233
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702440.001.0001
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

Fossils are the fragments from which, piece by laborious piece, the great mosaic of the history of life has been constructed. Here and there, we can supplement these scraps by the use of biochemical ... More


“Towards a Nomothetic Paleontology”: The MBL Model and Stochastic Paleontology

David Sepkoski

in Rereading the Fossil Record: The Growth of Paleobiology as an Evolutionary Discipline

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748559
eISBN:
9780226748580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748580.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology

The study and modeling of the history of diversity over time motivated a methodological question: how reliable is the fossil record, and how can that reliability be tested? These problems became the ... More


The Calling of History: Sir Jadunath Sarkar and His Empire of Truth

Dipesh Chakrabarty

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226100449
eISBN:
9780226240244
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226240244.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

Surveying more than 1,200 letters that two famous Indian historians, Sir Jadunath Sarkar (1870-1958) and his collaborator Govind Sakharam Sardesai (1865-1959), wrote to each other in the first half ... More


The Densimeter: The First Flourish of Animal and Plant Life: A Historical Inquest

Alexandre Meinesz

in How Life Began: Evolution's Three Geneses

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226519319
eISBN:
9780226519333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226519333.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the following topics: the four sources of evidence for the reconstruction of the history of life; the first two billion years of the evolution of plants and animals; the dawn ... More


Candide, Jurassic Park, and Noah

Alexandre Meinesz

in How Life Began: Evolution's Three Geneses

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226519319
eISBN:
9780226519333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226519333.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter begins with a discussion of Voltaire's most famous tale, Candide, ou l'optimism, published in 1759. The story of Candide is a long series of mishaps, calamities, and catastrophes endured ... More


H. G. Bronn and the History of Nature

Sander Gliboff

in H.G. Bronn, Ernst Haeckel, and the Origins of German Darwinism: A Study in Translation and Transformation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262072939
eISBN:
9780262273923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262072939.003.0030
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Heinrich Georg Bronn developed his approach to the history of life in Handbuch einer Geschichte der Natur (Handbook of a history of nature) in the 1840s, as well as in the mature reformulation of his ... More


Blaming Aristotle

J. David Archibald

in Aristotle's Ladder, Darwin's Tree: The Evolution of Visual Metaphors for Biological Order

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164122
eISBN:
9780231537667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164122.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines how Aristotle influenced both our perceptions and misperceptions of the history of life on Earth and the presumption that humans are the highest of animals. Aristotle's views ... More


Epilogue

Patrick Forterre

in Microbes from Hell

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226265827
eISBN:
9780226265964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226265964.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

In the epilogue, the author once again emphasizes the importance that microbes from hell have played in the history of life. The author then wonder why it is important to retrace the most ancient ... More


Voyages into Homeostasis

Raymond L. Neubauer

in Evolution and the Emergent Self: The Rise of Complexity and Behavioral Versatility in Nature

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231150705
eISBN:
9780231521680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231150705.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter presents a brief overview of the history of life in terms of homeostasis, the ability of information systems to build an inner world that buffers life against fluctuations in its ... More


A Savage Ontology

Davide Tarizzo

in Life: A Modern Invention

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780816691593
eISBN:
9781452958835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816691593.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The underlying idea is that “life” is a metaphysical notion, not a scientific one, and that this notion has permeated both the European and the Anglophone traditions of thought


Introduction Rereading the Fossil Record

David Sepkoski

in Rereading the Fossil Record: The Growth of Paleobiology as an Evolutionary Discipline

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748559
eISBN:
9780226748580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748580.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology

The fossil record was widely considered as an imperfect text for supporting evolutionary theory by evolutionary biologists, so paleobiologists came up with the strategy to “reread” that text in a ... More


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