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Epigraphy and the Historical Sciences

John Davies and John Wilkes (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197265062
eISBN:
9780191754173
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265062.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This volume publishes all but three of the plenary lectures that were delivered during the XIIIth International Congress of Greek and Roman Epigraphy, held at Oxford in September 2007. Its format ... More


Prosopography and Byzantine Identity

Paul Magdalino

in Fifty Years of Prosopography: The Later Roman Empire, Byzantium and Beyond

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262924
eISBN:
9780191734434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262924.003.0004
Subject:
History, Historiography

This chapter reflects on the contribution of prosopography to Byzantine studies during the second half of the twentieth century. To get it right, the set of identities has to be comprehensive, each ... More


Ibn Khaldun and the Science of Society

Syed Farid Alatas

in Ibn Khaldun

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780198090458
eISBN:
9780199082636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198090458.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Chapter 2 focuses on Ibn Khaldun’s ‘new science’. His approach was a positive rather than a normative one – the study of state and society as they are rather than as they should be. In this sense, he ... More


A Critique of Experimental Phylogenetics

Todd H. Oakley

in Experimental Evolution: Concepts, Methods, and Applications of Selection Experiments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247666
eISBN:
9780520944473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247666.003.0021
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the reasons why phylogenetics has barely grown since its inception, and reviews three primary arguments used to justify experimental phylogenetics. It first rejects the ... More


Material Evidence in the History Curriculum in Eighteenth-Century Göttingen

Peter N. Miller

in History and Its Objects: Antiquarianism and Material Culture since 1500

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780801453700
eISBN:
9781501708244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453700.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter considers the “material turn” in the latter half of the eighteenth century, particularly when the first academic curriculum for material culture studies was created. It happened at the ... More


Evolutionary Biology as a Historical Science

Jonathan B. Losos

in Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree: Ecology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255913
eISBN:
9780520943735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255913.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the role of evolutionary biology as a historical science, and attempts to understand how and why evolutionary diversification has occurred. It is important to know what ... More


Franz Boas and the American University: A Personal Account

Nicholas B. Dirks

in Autobiography of an Archive: A Scholar's Passage to India

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231169677
eISBN:
9780231538510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169677.003.0014
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter offers a personal reflection of Franz Boas's role in the disciplinary formation of anthropology in America during his time at Columbia University. Boas came to anthropology from a ... More


Overdetermination and Contingency

Peter Dear

in The One Culture?: A Conversation about Science

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226467221
eISBN:
9780226467245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226467245.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

When historians and sociologists of science emphasize the contingency of historical outcomes by making the argument that things could always have come out differently, the point they are making is as ... More


Conclusion

in What Did the Romans Know?: An Inquiry into Science and Worldmaking

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226471143
eISBN:
9780226471150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226471150.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter distinguishes that the correspondence theory of truth is incompatible with the historical and epistemological picture that the book has been arguing for. Philosophers did not detailed ... More


Evolution, Providence, and the Problem of Chance

Peter Harrison

in Abraham's Dice: Chance and Providence in the Monotheistic Traditions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190277154
eISBN:
9780190277185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190277154.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The theory of evolution by natural selection, with its reliance upon random processes and uncertain outcomes, often seems to generate unique difficulties for those who subscribe to the idea of ... More


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