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Promoting Inequality: The Politics of Higher Education Policy in an Era of Conservative Governance

Suzanne Mettler

in The Unsustainable American State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780195392135
eISBN:
9780199852543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392135.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

In previous times, the United States has been considered as a state that gives utmost priority to higher education. As seen in the history of education in the United States, governmental efforts to ... More


Digital Applications in Higher Education

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Hand, Vol 3: How Computers Changed the Work of American Public Sector Industries

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195165869
eISBN:
9780199868025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165869.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter discusses the deployment and use of computing in higher education. Topics covered include administrative uses, teaching and computers, role of computing in academic research, IT in the ... More


Values, Public Service, the University, and the Manager‐Academic *

Rosemary Deem, Sam Hillyard, and Mike Reed

in Knowledge, Higher Education, and the New Managerialism: The Changing Management of UK Universities

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199265909
eISBN:
9780191708602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199265909.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter analyses issues about values related to the governance and management of universities as public service institutions. It examines a further dimension of the culture of publicly funded ... More


Public Science Systems, Higher Education, and the Trajectory of Academic Disciplines: Business Studies in the United States and Europe

Lars Engwall, Matthias Kipping, and Behlül Üsdiken

in Reconfiguring Knowledge Production: Changing Authority Relationships in the Sciences and their Consequences for Intellectual Innovation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590193
eISBN:
9780191723445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590193.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter shows that the developmental trajectory of scientific disciplines is highly dependent on the nationally based higher education and science systems in which they are embedded, despite ... More


Higher Education Policy

Simona Piattoni

in The Theory of Multi-level Governance: Conceptual, Empirical, and Normative Challenges

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199562923
eISBN:
9780191721656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562923.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

This chapter explores the “least likely” case of a constitutional policy such as higher education. Among the policies that national states least want to abandon to EU authorities, higher education is ... More


The Changing Context of University Knowledge Work: The UK Higher Education Systems from the 1960s to the Twenty‐First Century

Rosemary Deem, Sam Hillyard, and Mike Reed

in Knowledge, Higher Education, and the New Managerialism: The Changing Management of UK Universities

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199265909
eISBN:
9780191708602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199265909.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter explores the ramifications of debates surrounding the concepts of NM and NPM in the systemic context of the UK knowledge-intensive university. It analyses changes in the UK higher ... More


Higher Education for Blacks in the South: Pragmatism and Principle?

Kimberley Johnson

in Reforming Jim Crow: Southern Politics and State in the Age Before Brown

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195387421
eISBN:
9780199776771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387421.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter explores the shaping of higher education for blacks by focusing on the role of Jim Crow reformers, foundations, individual whites, black educational leaders and administrators, and ... More


Creating the AHRC: An Arts and Humanities Research Council for the United Kingdom in the Twenty-first Century

James Herbert

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264294
eISBN:
9780191734335
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264294.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This is an account of the establishment of the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) from among the Research Councils of the United Kingdom in 2005. It focuses on the campaign carried forward ... More


The Supply of Information Technology Workers, Higher Education, and Computing Research: A History of Policy and Practice in the United States

William Aspray

in Information Technology Policy: An International History

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199241057
eISBN:
9780191714290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241057.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter presents the history of policies and practices in the supply of IT workers, especially as they relate to policy for higher education and computing research, in the United States. There ... More


Education and Inequality in a Global Context

Paul Attewell

in Growing Gaps: Educational Inequality around the World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199732180
eISBN:
9780199866182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732180.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter begins with a discussion of the rising demand for more education—especially at the tertiary level—and the internationalization of higher education. It then reviews several theories that ... More


Race and Opportunity in the Transition from School to Higher Education in South Africa

Michael Cosser

in Discrimination in an Unequal World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199732166
eISBN:
9780199866144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732166.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the school-to-higher education transition to ascertain the extent to which grade 12 learners of all races have been able to fulfill their aspirations of proceeding to higher ... More


THE U.S. EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM: CAN IT BE A MODEL FOR EUROPE?

Patricia Maloney and Karl Ulrich Mayer

in United in Diversity?: Comparing Social Models in Europe and America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195376630
eISBN:
9780199865499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376630.003.0015
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter is organized as follows. The first section gives a stylized description of the elementary and secondary education systems as they map onto the life course in childhood and early ... More


Building the Jim Crow University System

Kimberley Johnson

in Reforming Jim Crow: Southern Politics and State in the Age Before Brown

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195387421
eISBN:
9780199776771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387421.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter shows how Jim Crow reformers used southern universities to create a new southern ideology of race relations and interracialism, which preached that reform inspired by social science ... More


Higher Education Confronts the Rights Revolution

Christopher P. Loss

in Between Citizens and the State: The Politics of American Higher Education in the 20th Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148274
eISBN:
9781400840052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148274.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explores how students' private concerns came to occupy the center of campus and national politics in the 1960s and in so doing thrust higher education into the thick of the nascent ... More


Introduction: The Politics of American Higher Education in the Twentieth Century

Christopher P. Loss

in Between Citizens and the State: The Politics of American Higher Education in the 20th Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148274
eISBN:
9781400840052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148274.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter lays out the history and background of the federal government's growing involvement in American higher education, arguing that the latter had emerged as a predominant “parastate” in the ... More


Knowledge Institutions: Social Science Traditions

Carola M. Frege

in Employment Research and State Traditions: A Comparative History of the United States, Great Britain, and Germany

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208067
eISBN:
9780191709159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208067.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR

This chapter explores the broader context of scientific knowledge institutions and social science traditions in the three countries, which originate in the 19th century and were shaped by different ... More


The American University in a Postsecular Age: Religion and the Academy

Douglas Jacobsen and Rhonda Hustedt Jacobsen (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323443
eISBN:
9780199869145
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323443.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Academics across America are rethinking the place of religion on college and university campuses, and religion has become a hot topic of conversation. Some conversations focus on religious literacy, ... More


Why Does College Cost So Much?

Robert B. Archibald and David H. Feldman

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199744503
eISBN:
9780199866168
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744503.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

College tuition has risen more rapidly than overall inflation for much of the past century, and in recent years this growth has accelerated. The rhetoric of crisis now permeates public discussion of ... More


Financing Higher Education: The Options

Nicholas Barr

in The Welfare State as Piggy Bank: Information, Risk, Uncertainty, and the Role of the State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246595
eISBN:
9780191595936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246599.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter draws together economic theory and the experience of different countries, and discusses how higher education might be organized and funded in ways that are efficient and equitable, ... More


Taiwan

Stephen Kosack

in The Education of Nations: How the Political Organization of the Poor, Not Democracy, Led Governments to Invest in Mass Education

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199841653
eISBN:
9780199949540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841653.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Taiwan’s economic performance has made it a archetypal case for the economic argument that governments may produce education according to the economy’s needs. But this chapter shows that Taiwanese ... More


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