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Hierarchical Bayesian Models

N. Thompson Hobbs and Mevin B. Hooten

in Bayesian Models: A Statistical Primer for Ecologists

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159287
eISBN:
9781400866557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159287.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter seeks to explain hierarchical models and how they differ from simple Bayesian models and to illustrate building hierarchical models using mathematically correct expressions. It begins ... More


Planning Agency, Autonomous Agency

Michael E. Bratman

in Structures of Agency: Essays

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195187717
eISBN:
9780199893058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187717.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Are there forms of psychological functioning that can be characterized without seeing the agent herself as playing an irreducible role and that are plausible candidates for sufficient conditions for ... More


Gender in New Religions

Sarah M. Pike

in Teaching New Religious Movements

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195177299
eISBN:
9780199785537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177299.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

New religious movements have typically emerged and thrived in times of social upheaval during which normative gender roles are challenged, such as in the United States during the industrializing ... More


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N. Thompson Hobbs and Mevin B. Hooten

in Bayesian Models: A Statistical Primer for Ecologists

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159287
eISBN:
9781400866557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159287.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter sketches an approach to inference applicable to an enormous range of research problems—one that can be understood from first principles and that can be unambiguously communicated to ... More


The Analysis of Data From Integrated Single Case and Group Designs

William R. Nugent

in Analyzing Single System Design Data

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195369625
eISBN:
9780199865208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369625.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Methods for analyzing data that come from research designs utilizing both single case and group design methods are described and illustrated in this chapter. Among the analysis methods described is ... More


Characterizing Uncertainty of Future Climate Change Projections using Hierarchical Bayesian Models *

Claudia Tebaldi, Bruno Sansó, and Richard L. Smith

in Bayesian Statistics 9

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694587
eISBN:
9780191731921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694587.003.0021
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

The use of projections from ensembles of climate models to characterize fu ture climate change at regional scales has become the most widely adopted framework, as opposed to what was standard ... More


Synthesis

Frederic H. Wagner

in Yellowstone's Destabilized Ecosystem: Elk Effects, Science, and Policy Conflict

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195148213
eISBN:
9780199790449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148213.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Northern-range elk numbers have changed through four successive population phases over time: low numbers in prehistory up to ~1883; censuses of >6,000 up to 20,000-35,000 from 1884-1958; <6,000 from ... More


Bayesian Hierarchical Modeling of Public Health Surveillance Data: A Case Study of Air Pollution and Mortality

Scott L. Zeger, Francesca Dominici, Aidan Mcdermott, and Jonathan M. Samet

in Monitoring the Health of Populations: Statistical Principles and Methods for Public Health Surveillance

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195146493
eISBN:
9780199864928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195146493.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter illustrates the use of log-linear regression and hierarchical models to estimate the association of daily mortality with acute exposure to particulate air pollution. It focuses on ... More


Unique Methodologic Challenges in Reproductive and Perinatal Epidemiology

Robert W. Platt and Germaine M. Buck Louis

in Reproductive and Perinatal Epidemiology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195387902
eISBN:
9780199895328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387902.003.0098
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

Reproductive and perinatal epidemiology has a number of unique challenges that require careful attention when designing research and analyzing data. These include conceptual considerations such as ... More


The Layered World: Metaphysical Considerations

Jaegwon Kim

in Essays in the Metaphysics of Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585878
eISBN:
9780191595349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585878.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

“The Layered World: Metaphysical Considerations” examines the idea, often presupposed in philosophical discussions but seldom explicitly stated, that the objects and phenomena of the world are ... More


Bayesian Theory and Applications

Paul Damien, Petros Dellaportas, Nicholas G. Polson, and David A. Stephens (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199695607
eISBN:
9780191744167
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695607.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

The development of hierarchical models and Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) techniques forms one of the most profound advances in Bayesian analysis since the 1970s and provides the basis for advances ... More


Bayesian models in biostatistics and medicine

Peter Müller

in Bayesian Theory and Applications

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199695607
eISBN:
9780191744167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695607.003.0028
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter surveys applications of Bayesian theory in biostatistics. It begins by discussing hierarchical models. Arguably the most tightly regulated and well controlled applications of statistical ... More


Investigating the genetic association between diabetes and malaria: an application of Bayesian ecological regression models with errors in covariates

L. Bernardinelli, C. Pascutto, C. Montomoli, and W. Gilks

in Spatial Epidemiology: Methods and Applications

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198515326
eISBN:
9780191723667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515326.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes a Bayesian hierarchical model and applies it to a new dataset on insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) prevalence among 18-year-old males born in Sardinia between 1936 and ... More


Introduction

Paul Damien, Petros Dellaportas, Nicholas G. Polson, and David A. Stephens

in Bayesian Theory and Applications

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199695607
eISBN:
9780191744167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695607.003.0034
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This introductory chapter begins by noting how the three key ideas in this volume — hierarchical models, Markov chain Monte Carlo, and sequential Monte Carlo — that have revolutionized Bayesian ... More


A Local Linear Estimation Procedure for Functional Multilevel Modeling

Runze Li, Tammy L. Root, and Saul Shiffman

in Models for Intensive Longitudinal Data

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195173444
eISBN:
9780199847051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173444.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Linear mixed models, also termed hierarchical linear models (HLM), have been particularly useful for researchers analyzing longitudinal data, but they are not appropriate for all types of ... More


Methodological Appendix

Lisa D. Brush

in Poverty, Battered Women, and Work in U.S. Public Policy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195398502
eISBN:
9780199897483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398502.003.0019
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

The data in the three empirical chapters at the heart of this book come from a three-part multi-method study. This Appendix combines analysis of individual interviews, longitudinal administrative ... More


Elicit Data, Not Prior: On Using Expert Opinion in Ecological Studies

Subhash R. Lele

in The Nature of Scientific Evidence: Statistical, Philosophical, and Empirical Considerations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226789552
eISBN:
9780226789583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226789583.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Ecological studies are often hampered by insufficient data on the quantity of interest. Limited data usually lead to a relatively flat likelihood surface that is not very informative. One solution is ... More


Afterword: Decision-making

L. A. Paul

in Transformative Experience

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780198717959
eISBN:
9780191787409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717959.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This Afterword discusses how problems with transformative experience connect with first personal choosing, limitations on empirical projections, informed consent, rational addiction, indeterminate ... More


What Is Intelligence?

Michael E. Martinez

in Future Bright: A Transforming Vision of Human Intelligence

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199781843
eISBN:
9780190256050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199781843.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines the meaning of the word “intelligence.” It first emphasizes the distinction between IQ and intelligence and then asks whether intelligence is a unified entity or a diverse ... More


Planting the Flag in Asia

Adam Clulow

in The Company and the Shogun: The Dutch Encounter with Tokugawa Japan

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164283
eISBN:
9780231535731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164283.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter discusses the European claims to sovereignty over territories in Asia. The conflict over the bay of Tayouan provides a rare case example of a clash played out between an Asian state and ... More


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