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The Psychology of Judicial Decision Making

David E. Klein and Gregory Mitchell (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195367584
eISBN:
9780199776917
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367584.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This volume of essays examines the psychological processes that underlie judicial decision making. Chapters in the first section of the book take as their starting point the fact that judges make ... More


What's left to do?

Penelope Maddy

in Second Philosophy: A Naturalistic Method

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199273669
eISBN:
9780191706264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273669.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Opponents of a ‘scientistic’ approach as austere as Second Philosophy often imagine that philosophy just becomes science, that there's nothing left for the philosopher to do. The book as a whole aims ... More


The Simple Art of Voting: The Cognitive Shortcuts of Italian Voters

Delia Baldassarri

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199828241
eISBN:
9780199979783
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199828241.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

Voting distills a complex decision into a deceptively simple action. The electorate faces a messy tangle of parties, leaders, and issues. How is it possible for voters to unravel it all? How do they ... More


The Case for Massively Modular Models of Mind

Peter Carruthers

in The Architecture of the Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207077
eISBN:
9780191708909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207077.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter lays out the main arguments supporting massive modularity and explicates the notion of ‘module’ that those arguments support (which is significantly weaker than on Fodor’s influential ... More


Theories and Models of Party Support

Harold D. Clarke, David Sanders, Marianne C. Stewart, and Paul Whiteley

in Political Choice in Britain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199244881
eISBN:
9780191601521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924488X.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Discusses the theoretical frameworks that guide the empirical analyses in Political Choice in Britain. The sociological framework identifies various aspects of an individual’s social location, such ... More


Heuristics

Richard Swedberg

in The Art of Social Theory

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155227
eISBN:
9781400850358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155227.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter focuses on the importance of heuristics in theorizing. The most common interpretation of the word heuristics is that it means “discovery.” When one theorizes, it has been argued, one ... More


THE MANAGEMENT OF UNCERTAINTY: ORGANIZATIONS AS DECISION-MAKING SYSTEMS

Chun Wei Choo

in The Knowing Organization: How Organizations Use Information to Construct Meaning, Create Knowledge, and Make Decisions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176780
eISBN:
9780199789634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176780.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

Depending on the degree of goal uncertainty and procedural uncertainty, organizational decision making may follow the bounded rationality model, process model, political model, or anarchic model. ... More


Simple Heuristics in a Social World

Ralph Hertwig, Ulrich Hoffrage, and ABC Research Group (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195388435
eISBN:
9780199950089
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388435.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This book invites readers to discover the simple heuristics that people use to navigate the complexities and surprises of environments populated with others. The social world is a terrain where ... More


Normative Degradation: Deleting Rights without Consent in the Name of Contract

Margaret Jane Radin

in Boilerplate: The Fine Print, Vanishing Rights, and the Rule of Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155333
eISBN:
9781400844838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155333.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter examines the normative degradation caused by the apparent lack of consent to boilerplate. It first considers the varieties of nonconsent to which consent is contrasted, including ... More


Can Utilitarian-Welfare (Economic) Theory Justify Boilerplate Deletion of Rights?

Margaret Jane Radin

in Boilerplate: The Fine Print, Vanishing Rights, and the Rule of Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155333
eISBN:
9781400844838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155333.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter examines whether boilerplate rights deletion schemes can be justified by the “contract-as-product” theory. The contract-as-product theory attempts to sidestep the issue of consent by ... More


The Counterfactual Network

Mark Casson

in The World's First Railway System: Enterprise, Competition, and Regulation on the Railway Network in Victorian Britain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199213979
eISBN:
9780191707469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213979.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, Organization Studies

The counterfactual railway system was constructed using nine heuristic principles. The most important was the Steiner Principle, which asserts that under certain conditions an optimal railway network ... More


Cognitive Load and Human Decision, or, Three Ways of Rolling the Rock Uphil l

Kim Sterelny

in The Innate Mind: Volume 2: Culture and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310139
eISBN:
9780199871209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310139.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that much human decision-making has a high cognitive load, that is, agents make satisfying decisions only by accessing and effectively using information that is hard to get, ... More


Voter Competence: What do Voters Need to Know?

Sara Binzer Hobolt

in Europe in Question: Referendums on European Integration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199549948
eISBN:
9780191720451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549948.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

What do voters need to know? That is the question examined in this chapter which explores voting behaviour in EU referendums from a normative perspective by considering the issue of voter competence. ... More


Social Learning Strategies

William Hoppitt and Kevin N. Laland

in Social Learning: An Introduction to Mechanisms, Methods, and Models

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150703
eISBN:
9781400846504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150703.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter focuses on social learning strategies—functional rules specifying what, when, and who to copy. There are many plausible social learning strategies. Individuals might disproportionately ... More


Rethinking the SMASH Approach to Pronoun Interpretation

Andrew Kehler

in Reference: Interdisciplinary Perspectives

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331639
eISBN:
9780199867981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331639.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter argues that the manner in which pronoun interpretation has been characterized by many psycholinguistic and computational linguistic studies over the last three decades — what is called ... More


Human Decision Making and Heuristics of Judgment

Delia Baldassarri

in The Simple Art of Voting: The Cognitive Shortcuts of Italian Voters

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199828241
eISBN:
9780199979783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199828241.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

Chapter 2 introduces the conceptual developments of the research on human decision making, an important instrument for understanding how individuals make choices in complex situations characterized ... More


Heuristic‐Driven Bias: The First Theme

Hersh Shefrin

in Beyond Greed and Fear: Understanding Behavioral Finance and the Psychology of Investing

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195161212
eISBN:
9780199832996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195161211.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Statistics and probability are essential concepts when it comes to risk. Yet, most people have poor intuition about statistics and probabilities. Instead of behaving like professional statisticians, ... More


Introduction and Preview

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle longitudinal study

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156737
eISBN:
9780199786817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter presents an overview of the phenomena of adult cognitive development. It lays out the reasons why intelligence in adulthood should be studied by giving a brief history of the study of ... More


Cognitive Paternalism

F. H. Buckley

in Fair Governance: Paternalism and Perfectionism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195341263
eISBN:
9780199866892
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341263.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Cognitive paternalism would impeach choices which are misshaped by our judgment heuristics, instincts, or emotions. An important empirical literature at the border of psychology and economics suggest ... More


How Smart Forgetting Helps Heuristic Inference

Lael J. Schooler, Ralph Hertwig, and Stefan M. Herzog

in Ecological Rationality: Intelligence in the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195315448
eISBN:
9780199932429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315448.003.0039
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

Theorists ranging from William James (1890) to some contemporary psychologists have argued that forgetting is the key to proper functioning of memory. The authors elaborate on the notion of ... More


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