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Invasions and range expansion

Roger Cousens, Calvin Dytham, and Richard Law

in Dispersal in Plants: A Population Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199299126
eISBN:
9780191715006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299126.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter explores the spatial dynamics of invading species, paying particular attention to the patterns formed as they spread, i.e., the rate of increase of the area invaded and the rate at which ... More


Simultaneous Perception and Cross‐modal Binding

Pavel Gregoric

in Aristotle on the Common Sense

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199277377
eISBN:
9780191707537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277377.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter looks at Aristotle's notion of simultaneous perception as a distinct perceptual function of the common sense, a function that has a parallel in contemporary psychology and neuroscience. ... More


Perceptual Discrimination

Pavel Gregoric

in Aristotle on the Common Sense

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199277377
eISBN:
9780191707537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277377.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter examines Aristotle's notion of perceptual discrimination, which he discusses in De Anima III.2 (426 b 8-427 a 16) and III.7 (431 a 20 b 1). In the first of these passages the ... More


Heterogeneous Gain Learning and Long Swings in Asset Prices

Blake LeBaron

in Rethinking Expectations: The Way Forward for Macroeconomics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155234
eISBN:
9781400846450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155234.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter focuses on heterogeneous gain learning and long swings in asset prices. Many asset prices deviate from their fundamental values, yielding potential long-run predictability. Asset price ... More


Gorman Heterogeneous Households

Lars Peter Hansen and Thomas J. Sargent

in Recursive Models of Dynamic Linear Economies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691042770
eISBN:
9781400848188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691042770.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter describes methods for computing equilibria of economies with consumers who have heterogeneous preferences and endowments. It adopts simplifications that facilitate coping with ... More


Complete Markets Aggregation

Lars Peter Hansen and Thomas J. Sargent

in Recursive Models of Dynamic Linear Economies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691042770
eISBN:
9781400848188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691042770.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter outlines a setting with heterogeneity among households' preferences of a kind that violates the conditions for Gorman aggregation. Households' Engel curves are still affine, but ... More


Friends of Mine, Friends of Theirs: The Origins of Newsvine

Joshua A. Braun

in This Program Is Brought To You By...: Distributing Television News Online

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300197501
eISBN:
9780300216240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300197501.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter traces the origins of Newsvine.com is a news-themed social network founded in 2005 and acquired by MSNBC.com two years later. To understand what Newsvine was and what it did, the chapter ... More


Advanced Tomographic Methods in Materials Research and Engineering

John Banhart (ed.)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199213245
eISBN:
9780191707582
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213245.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Tomography provides three-dimensional images of heterogeneous materials or engineering components, and offers an unprecedented insight into their internal structure. By using X-rays generated by ... More


Mapping Sociotechnical Systems That Deliver Media

Joshua A. Braun

in This Program Is Brought To You By...: Distributing Television News Online

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300197501
eISBN:
9780300216240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300197501.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter examines media distribution within the context of sociotechnical systems. It begins with a discussion of the concept of recalcitrance and its relation to heterogeneous engineering before ... More


Different Things to Different People: Newsvine and msnbc.com

Joshua A. Braun

in This Program Is Brought To You By...: Distributing Television News Online

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300197501
eISBN:
9780300216240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300197501.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter examines Newsvine.com's attempt to design a dual-purpose platform that simultaneously powered both MSNBC's mainstream media sites and its own social news venture. It also considers the ... More


The Maddow Blog Is Born

Joshua A. Braun

in This Program Is Brought To You By...: Distributing Television News Online

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300197501
eISBN:
9780300216240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300197501.003.0010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter examines how the blog of The Rachel Maddow Show (TRMS) was born. Rachel Maddow reportedly disliked the appearance of the blogs generated by MSNBC's obsolete Community Server software. ... More


Conclusion

Joshua A. Braun

in This Program Is Brought To You By...: Distributing Television News Online

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300197501
eISBN:
9780300216240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300197501.003.0014
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This book has explored trends in the distribution of online television news and the underlying sociotechnical systems by looking at the case of MSNBC. It has described concepts and offered insights ... More


Computing Models of Social Security

Ayşe İmrohoroğlu, Selahattin İmrohoroğlu, and Douglas H. Joines

in Computational Methods for the Study of Dynamic Economies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248278
eISBN:
9780191596605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248273.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

A core topic of current economic research (and policy debate) is the evaluation of social security systems and their possible reforms. Shows how models of social security can be computed in economies ... More


Computation of Equilibria in Heterogeneous‐Agent Models

José‐Víctor Ríos‐Rull

in Computational Methods for the Study of Dynamic Economies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248278
eISBN:
9780191596605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248273.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

There are many questions in economics for which heterogeneous‐agent dynamic models (i.e. models populated by agents that are different from each other) have to be used to provide answers. The first ... More


The Changing Visions of Economics

Debra Satz

in Why Some Things Should Not Be for Sale: The Moral Limits of Markets

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195311594
eISBN:
9780199870714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311594.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The view of the market as a homogeneous mechanism operating across different types of exchanges is distinctly modern. The classical political economists. especially Adam Smith, David Ricardo, and ... More


Assessing Heterogeneity of Effects

Ezra Susser, Sharon Schwartz, Alfredo Morabia, and Evelyn J. Bromet

in Psychiatric Epidemiology: Searching for the Causes of Mental Disorders

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195101812
eISBN:
9780199864096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195101812.003.27
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter introduces methods frequently used in epidemiology to assess statistical heterogeneity of effect in the studied sample. As in the case of confounding, the main analytic methods include ... More


Matching with Transfers: The Economics of Love and Marriage

Pierre-André Chiappori

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691171739
eISBN:
9781400885732
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691171739.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Over the past few decades, matching models, which use mathematical frameworks to analyze allocation mechanisms for heterogeneous products and individuals, have attracted renewed attention in both ... More


Introduction

Timothy J. O’Donnell

in Productivity and Reuse In Language: A Theory of Linguistic Computation and Storage

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262028844
eISBN:
9780262326803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028844.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter introduces the problem of productivity: How do language learners determine which potential generalizations can actually be used to create novel expressions in their language and which ... More


The People Are One Community

Abdulaziz Sachedina

in The Islamic Roots of Democratic Pluralism

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195139914
eISBN:
9780199848935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195139914.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The chapter characterizes religion as a major contributor to the seemingly endless conflicts between different persuasions and cultures. These conflicts and the attendant atrocities committed against ... More


Analytics of Asset Bubbles

Assaf Razin

in Understanding Global Crises: An Emerging Paradigm

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262028592
eISBN:
9780262327701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028592.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Speculators choose ex ante where to invest and cannot easily switch later. This implies that a group of similar investors ends up holding an asset, and when they are hit by a shock, there is no ... More


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