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TAKING CHANCES WITH SEX: The Herpes and Papova Viruses

Jaap Goudsmit

in Viral Fitness: The Next SARS and West Nile in the Making

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195130348
eISBN:
9780199790166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130348.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses herpes viruses, focusing on the herpes simplex virus (HSV), which causes painful but fleeting sores; the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), the cause of mononucleosis; and the human ... More


The patient presenting with genitourinary AIDS

Paul Toren and Wendy Wobeser

in Supportive Care for the Urology Patient

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198529415
eISBN:
9780191730344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529415.003.0017
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

Care for the HIV/AIDS patient is a rapidly evolving area of medicine, with guidelines and drugs frequently being updated as knowledge of the disease progresses. With the success of highly active ... More


Viral infections

Andrew Davies and Ilora Finlay

in Oral Care in Advanced Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192632432
eISBN:
9780191730375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632432.003.0008
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

Viruses often cause isolated or recurrent infections. Moreover, they are often the leading culprit in the pathogenesis of other oral pathogens, particularly of certain oral malignancies. In sick ... More


Skin problems

Justin Amery and Michelle Meiring

in Children's Palliative Care in Africa

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199567966
eISBN:
9780191730566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567966.003.0010
Subject:
Palliative Care, Paediatric Palliative Medicine, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Skin problems are very common in children's palliative care, and particularly in children with HIV/AIDS. It is estimated that 92% of patients with HIV will experience skin problems during the course ... More


Evolutionary origins of diversity in human viruses

Paul M. Sharp, Elizabeth Bailes, and Louise V Wain

in Evolution in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199207466
eISBN:
9780191728167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207466.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Our knowledge of the amount, pattern, and origins of genetic diversity varies enormously among human viruses. The four groups of viruses discussed in detail here (herpes viruses, AIDS viruses, ... More


Sexually Transmitted Infections among Gay and Bisexual Men

Ronald O. Valdiserri

in Unequal Opportunity: Health Disparities Affecting Gay and Bisexual Men in the United States

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195301533
eISBN:
9780199863815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301533.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides a overview of prevalent sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among gay and bisexual men. Descriptive epidemiology is presented for bacterial (gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia), ... More


Infections

Catherine S. Peckham and Marie-Louise Newell

in Antenatal and Neonatal Screening

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192628268
eISBN:
9780191723605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628268.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Although the majority of infections in pregnancy have no effect on the developing fetus, some can lead to severe damage and disability. This chapter discsses screening for infections: rubella, ... More


Aetiologies and anatomy of confabulation

Armin Schnider

in The Confabulating Mind: How the Brain Creates Reality

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198789680
eISBN:
9780191839016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789680.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Social Psychology

What diseases cause confabulations and which are the brain areas whose damage is responsible? This chapter reviews the causes, both historic and present, of confabulations and deduces the ... More


On the Semantic Elements in Thought

Tim Shallice and Richard P. Cooper

in The Organisation of Mind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199579242
eISBN:
9780191804489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199579242.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the following: the selective loss of semantic representations; contrasting impairments of semantics; models of disorders of semantics; degraded stores and atoms of meaning; ... More


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