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Origen and the Life of the Stars: A History of an Idea

Alan Scott

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263616
eISBN:
9780191682612
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263616.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Philosophy of Religion

It was widely assumed by intellectuals from antiquity to the Middle Ages that the beauty and regularity of the heavens was a sign of their superior life. Through this belief the stars gained an ... More


The New Inquisitions: Heretic-Hunting and the Intellectual Origins of Modern Totalitarianism

Arthur Versluis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195306378
eISBN:
9780199850914
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306378.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This book provides an investigation into the intellectual origins of totalitarianism. The book unveils the connections between heretic-hunting in early and medieval Christianity, and the emergence of ... More


 Why This Book?: Autobiographical Reflections

Solomon Schimmel

in The Tenacity of Unreasonable Beliefs: Fundamentalism and the Fear of Truth

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195188264
eISBN:
9780199870509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188264.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter explains the author's motives for writing this book, which originated in his being raised as an Orthodox Jew, to which he was deeply committed from early childhood until adulthood. He ... More


Different Names of God

Peter Schäfer

in The Jewish Jesus: How Judaism and Christianity Shaped Each Other

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153902
eISBN:
9781400842285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153902.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter addresses a problem that must have plagued the rabbis a great deal: the undeniable fact that the Hebrew Bible uses various names for God, most prominent among them Elohim and the ... More


The Young and the Old God

Peter Schäfer

in The Jewish Jesus: How Judaism and Christianity Shaped Each Other

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153902
eISBN:
9781400842285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153902.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter looks at the problem faced by the rabbis when they were confronted with the fact that the God of the Hebrew Bible assumes various guises, using the example of a relatively early ... More


Manhunts: A Philosophical History

Grégoire Chamayou

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151656
eISBN:
9781400842254
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151656.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Touching on issues of power, authority, and domination, this book takes an in-depth look at the hunting of humans in the West, from ancient Sparta, through the Middle Ages, to the modern practices of ... More


Preaching Against Luther

Cecilia A. Hatt (ed.)

in English Works of John Fisher, Bishop of Rochester: Sermons and Other Writings 1520 to 1535

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270119
eISBN:
9780191600609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270119.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

The texts are given of two anti‐Lutheran sermons, the “sermon against the pernicious doctrine of Martin Luther” preached in 1521 and a “sermon concerning certain heretics” of 1526. An introduction ... More


Heresy, Schism, and Persecution in the Later Roman Empire

G. E. M. De Ste. Croix

in Christian Persecution, Martyrdom, and Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199278121
eISBN:
9780191707872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278121.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter analyses how the Church, after enduring persecution during its first three centuries, emerged as a triumphant and highly effective persecuting force during the next three centuries, with ... More


Balthasar Hubmaier (1485?–1528): Free Will and Covenant

David C. Steinmetz

in Reformers in the Wings: From Geiler von Kaysersberg to Theodore Beza

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130485
eISBN:
9780199869008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130480.003.0019
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Balthasar Hubmaier was an Anabaptist theologian who earned a theological doctorate at the University of Ingolstadt with John Eck and served as an early colleague of Huldrych Zwingli. He opposed ... More


Turks, Northerners, and the Barbarous Heretic

Christopher Highley

in Catholics Writing the Nation in Early Modern Britain and Ireland

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199533404
eISBN:
9780191714726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533404.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

Turks, Northerners, and the Barbarous Heretic focuses on the connections forged in Catholic texts between Protestant heretics and Turkish infidels — an analogy that reversed Protestant accusations ... More


Orthodoxy and the Courts in Late Antiquity

Caroline Humfress

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198208419
eISBN:
9780191716966
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208419.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This book approaches the subject of late Roman law from the perspective of legal practice revealed in courtroom processes, as well as more ‘informal’ types of dispute settlement. From at least the ... More


From Ritual to Spectacle: The Rise of the Penal Voyeur in Early Modern France

Paul Friedland

in Seeing Justice Done: The Age of Spectacular Capital Punishment in France

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592692
eISBN:
9780191741852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592692.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, European Early Modern History

Through the beginning of the sixteenth century, executions often attracted large crowds of people who saw themselves as full participants in a ritual with profound spiritual meaning. With the first ... More


Increasing Pressures on Constantinople and the Widening Gap 1025–1204

J. M. Hussey

in The Orthodox Church in the Byzantine Empire

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198264569
eISBN:
9780191601170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198264569.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Starts by discussing the impending internal and external threats to the Byzantine Empire in 1025–1204, which led in the later Middle Ages to any pre‐eminence in East Mediterranean politics being lost ... More


Heresy and the Courts

Caroline Humfress

in Orthodoxy and the Courts in Late Antiquity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198208419
eISBN:
9780191716966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208419.003.010
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter analyses concrete legal processes involving accusations of heresy in late antiquity. Topics discussed include heretics before the courts, the use of heresy accusations by private ... More


Defining Heresy and Orthodoxy

Caroline Humfress

in Orthodoxy and the Courts in Late Antiquity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198208419
eISBN:
9780191716966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208419.003.009
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter argues that late Roman heresiology was not simply a discourse controlled by the ‘orthodox’ at the expense of the ‘heretic’ — all Christians were inscribed within it whether they wanted ... More


Cyril of Alexandria and the Nestorian Controversy: The Making of a Saint and of a Heretic

Susan Wessel

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199268467
eISBN:
9780191699276
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268467.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

What were the historical and cultural processes by which Cyril of Alexandria was elevated to canonical status while his opponent, Nestorius, Bishop of Constantinople, was made into a heretic? In ... More


Economics and the Making of “Natural Resources”

Frédérique Apffel-Marglin

in Subversive Spiritualities: How Rituals Enact the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199793853
eISBN:
9780199919246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199793853.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Chapter 3 focuses on the pre-modern European oral peasantry and their gift economy and rituals on the commons. The chapter argues that the eradication of this world is in great part due to the ... More


It Is Written: Paradise Regained: Words that Count

Annabel Annabel

in Milton's Words

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199573462
eISBN:
9780191702112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573462.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Milton Studies

This chapter examines the importance of the keyword Scripture in John Milton's epic poem Paradise Regained. In this work Milton confronted the special status of biblical texts and gave Scripture a ... More


Isaac Newton on Prophecies and Idolatry

Jed Z. Buchwald and Mordechai Feingold

in Newton and the Origin of Civilization

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154787
eISBN:
9781400845187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154787.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

On February 9, 1674/5, Isaac Newton left Cambridge for London, remaining there some five weeks. His main purpose was procuring a Royal dispensation from the statutory requirement of Trinity College ... More


The Critic as Polemicist, 1904–6: G. F. Watts; Blatchford II; Heretics; The Ball and the Cross; Charles Dickens

William Oddie

in Chesterton and the Romance of Orthodoxy: The Making of GKC, 1874-1908

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199582013
eISBN:
9780191702303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582013.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

This chapter focuses on Chesterton's life and works from 1904–6. Shortly after The Napoleon of Notting Hill was published in March 1904, Chesterton produced what, though it is one of his least ... More


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