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 Galton and the Stirp Theory

P. Kyle Stanford

in Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195174083
eISBN:
9780199786367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174089.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter begins with a discussion of Galton's transfusion experiments and his development of the “stirp” theory of inheritance. It then discusses Galton's understanding of “correlation” and “ ... More


 August Weismann's Theory of the Germ‐Plasm

P. Kyle Stanford

in Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195174083
eISBN:
9780199786367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174089.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter focuses on August Weismann's theory of the germ-plasm. It is argued that both Weismann's failure to conceive of any alternative to the disintegration of the idioplasm as the mechanism of ... More


Aristotle's Theory of Form

David Bostock

in Space, Time, Matter, and Form: Essays on Aristotle's Physics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199286867
eISBN:
9780191603532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286868.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This essay is a résumé of all the ways in which Aristotle uses his notion of form in books, which one thinks of as ‘preceding’ the Metaphysics (in order of exposition, if not in order of ... More


The Egg

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the diverging views of embryologists and geneticists about heredity and evolution. The two main reasons for this stemmed from research started in the 19th century. First, ... More


Mendel Palimpsest

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on the contribution of Austrian monk Johan Gregor Mendel, one of the greatest legends in the history of science. Three moments in this man's history and legacy are extraordinary. ... More


Emerging Genetics

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The field of genetics was extraordinarily successful and rose to an authoritative position by the 1930s. To understand the relationship between genetics and other disciplines, this chapter first ... More


Genetic Heresy and the Cold War

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the outlawing of Mendelian genetics in the Soviet Union during the Cold War, and the emergence of Lysenkoism. Led by Trofim Denisovich Lysenko and supported by the Communist ... More


Theories of Darwin's Doctors, and of Darwin

Ralph Colp Jr. M.D.

in Darwin's Illness

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032313
eISBN:
9780813039237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032313.003.0016
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

There is no record of how Dr. Robert Darwin diagnosed Charles' illness. Some doctors were “puzzled” by the illness. Others viewed it as a form of dyspepsia: Dr. James Gully diagnosed it as “nervous ... More


Libertarianism, Action, and Self‐Determination

Galen Strawson

in Freedom and Belief

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199247493
eISBN:
9780191594830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247493.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

There is a basic, strong, fundamental sense in which free will and moral responsibility are provably, logically impossible. For in the end, they require that one be radically the cause of oneself, ... More


Are We Hardwired?: The Role of Genes in Human Behavior

William R. Clark and Michael Grunstein

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178005
eISBN:
9780199893331
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178005.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The role of genes in governing behavior remains one of the most controversial topics in human biology. Early in this century, over-eager promotion of a genetic basis for behavior led to the excesses, ... More


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