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Heaven: The Logic of Eternal Joy

Jerry L. Walls

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195113020
eISBN:
9780199834815
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195113020.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The Christian doctrine of heaven has been a moral source of enormous power in Western culture. It has provided a striking account of the ultimate good in life and has for two millennia animated the ... More


Conclusion

Jerry L. Walls

in Heaven: The Logic of Eternal Joy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195113020
eISBN:
9780199834815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195113020.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The arguments presented in the book are briefly summarized, pointing out that what has been defended is a Christian vision of reality (focusing on heaven) that is profoundly more hopeful than that of ... More


Grounds for Hope

Richard McCarty

in Kant's Theory of Action

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199567720
eISBN:
9780191721465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567720.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, History of Philosophy

Being evil by nature we ought nevertheless to become good; and so we can. Kant's philosophy is supposed to give us grounds for hope in an “afterlife”, when we can be good, or at least better, and ... More


Responsibility and Atonement

Richard Swinburne

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198248491
eISBN:
9780191598555
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198248490.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

When we do good or harm to each other, we acquire merit or guilt; deserve praise or blame, reward or punishment, and may need to make atonement. Others may need to forgive us, or show mercy to us. ... More


Temple as Cosmos or Temple in the Cosmos: Priests, Purity, Sacrifice, and Angels

Jonathan Klawans

in Purity, Sacrifice, and the Temple: Symbolism and Supersessionism in the Study of Ancient Judaism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195162639
eISBN:
9780199785254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162639.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter analyzes two distinct symbolic understandings of the Jerusalem temple and its rituals. It finds evidence for a belief in the temple as representing the cosmos in Josephus, Philo and ... More


Transcendent Heaven?: A Critique of Jiang Qing’s Grounding of the Right to Rule

Chenyang Li

in A Confucian Constitutional Order: How China's Ancient Past Can Shape Its Political Future

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154602
eISBN:
9781400844845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154602.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter defends another interpretation of heaven that is neither transcendent nor anthropocentric: it argues that heaven is necessarily interrelated in a “heaven–earth–humanity” triad. It calls ... More


Heaven: Egypt, Mesopotamia, Israel

John Casey

in After Lives: A Guide to Heaven, Hell, and Purgatory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195092950
eISBN:
9780199869732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195092950.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter explores the development of ideas of the afterlife amongt the ancient Egyptians, Mesopotamians, and Jews, including accounts of ascents to heaven. The Mesopotamian earthly paradise ... More


 The Planets

Michael Ward

in Planet Narnia: The Seven Heavens in the Imagination of C. S. Lewis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195313871
eISBN:
9780199871964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313871.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

Lewis was interested in the medieval heavens both from an academic and an imaginative perspective. The pagan gods, to his mind, were aesthetically beautiful and also apologetically useful, and ... More


The Martyr’s Heaven

Candida R. Moss

in The Other Christs: Imitating Jesus in Ancient Christian Ideologies of Martyrdom

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199739875
eISBN:
9780199777259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739875.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Early Christian Studies

This chapter examines the martyrs’ rapid ascent to heaven following death and the roles that the martyrs play in the afterlife in heaven. In opposition to the ordinary dead, martyrs quickly ascend — ... More


Epilogue

M. A. Aldrich

in The Search for a Vanishing Beijing: A Guide to China's Capital Through the Ages

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622097773
eISBN:
9789882207585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622097773.003.0061
Subject:
History, Asian History

The mosaic of Old Peking is complete. The Italian diplomat Daniele Vare struggled with the dilemma of cultural relativism during his postings in Peking. Vare wrote novels set during the Qing and ... More


Argumentation

Raymond P. Scheindlin

in Song of the Distant Dove: Judah Halevi’s Pilgrimage

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195315424
eISBN:
9780199872039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315424.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Halevi justifies his journey to himself and others in four poems. In the first poem, he reproaches himself for worldliness and urges himself to put his ideas of trust in God to the test. In the ... More


The Kingdom of Heaven and the Church of Christ

Antony Black

in A World History of Ancient Political Thought

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199281695
eISBN:
9780191713101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281695.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Jesus's original idea, so far one can judge, was an imminent ‘kingdom of heaven’ which would transform human relationships, and was already doing so. Family was downgraded, the status of women ... More


Fear of Falling: Icarus, Phaethon, and Lucretius

David Quint

in Inside Paradise Lost: Reading the Designs of Milton's Epic

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161914
eISBN:
9781400850488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161914.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter demonstrates how—through a complicated chain of intermediary texts—the depiction of Satan's fall through Chaos in book 2, which invokes the myth of Icarus, and the Son's successful ride ... More


Light, Vision, and the Unity of Book 3

David Quint

in Inside Paradise Lost: Reading the Designs of Milton's Epic

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161914
eISBN:
9781400850488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161914.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter looks at book 3 of Paradise Lost, which sets apart an invisible God and heaven from the visible universe, divine light from sunlight. Book 3 points to a contrast between the internal ... More


The Role of Creeds

Richard Swinburne

in Faith and Reason

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199283927
eISBN:
9780191712524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283927.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

A creed explains how the pursuit of a particular religious way will achieve the goals of that religion. It does that by explaining in what salvation consists (e.g., in what the blessedness of Heaven, ... More


The Comparison of Creeds

Richard Swinburne

in Faith and Reason

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199283927
eISBN:
9780191712524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283927.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Someone is rational in following a certain religious way to attain a certain goal only if he believes that it is more probable that following that way will achieve that goal than that following any ... More


After Lives: A Guide to Heaven, Hell, and Purgatory

John Casey

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195092950
eISBN:
9780199869732
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195092950.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Christianity from its earliest times taught the existence of heaven and hell as places where good and evil deeds in this life were judged, rewarded and punished. In the course of time ideas both of ... More


 The Headmen of Te and the Heaven‐Appointed King

Charles Ramble

in The Navel of the Demoness: Tibetan Buddhism and Civil Religion in Highland Nepal

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195154146
eISBN:
9780199868513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154146.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

The case for civil religion is developed further by exploring the relationship between Te's institution of headmanship and Tibetan ideas of sacral kingship. Historical records point to the ... More


No Parting Word

Cynthia Grant Tucker

in No Silent Witness: The Eliot Parsonage Women and Their Unitarian World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195390209
eISBN:
9780199866670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390209.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Pulling the narrative strands together, this chapter describes first the Eliots' evolving perceptions of life after death, from a literal heaven of family reunions to an ongoing mystical life of ... More


The Islamic Understanding of Death and Resurrection

Jane Idleman Smith and Yvonne Haddad

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195156492
eISBN:
9780199834662
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195156498.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Islamic concepts of life after death, reward and punishment, human decision, and divine judgment have always held a certain fascination for Western readers. Recent world events have served only to ... More


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