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Does Volunteering Foster Physical Health and Longevity?

Doug Oman

in Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter offers a scientific perspective and reviews available evidence on how volunteering affects health and longevity. It focuses on formal volunteer work — performed through a school, ... More


Passive smoking and health

Jonathan M. Samet

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides an overview and introduction to the now vast data on the adverse health consequences of passive smoking, covering the risks to passive smokers, including the fetus, infants and ... More


Non-monetary effects and monetary benefits

Jan Abel Olsen

in Principles in Health Economics and Policy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199237814
eISBN:
9780191717215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237814.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter deals with how to measure and value different degrees of health improvements — in health terms and in monetary terms. Beyond the valuation of improved health per se, the chapter ... More


Recession, unemployment, and health

Clare Bambra

in Work, Worklessness, and the Political Economy of Health

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199588299
eISBN:
9780191731372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588299.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter examines the relationships between economic recessions, unemployment, and health. The chapter is divided into four main sections. The first section examines the effects of economic ... More


Understanding the health effects of child labour

David L. Parker, Anaclaudia G. Fassa,, and Thomas J. Scanlon

in Child Labour: A Public Health Perspective

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199558582
eISBN:
9780191594397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558582.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Child work is a continuum, and there is no clear demarcation of when work moves from a positive experience to a harmful one. In spite of the risks posed by many forms of work, for large numbers of ... More


Health hazards in the physical work environment

Clare Bambra

in Work, Worklessness, and the Political Economy of Health

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199588299
eISBN:
9780191731372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588299.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter examines the health effects of three traditional dimensions of the physical work environment: chemical hazards including exposure to toxic substances used in industrial processes ... More


Health inequalities and HIA

John Kemm, Jayne Parry, and Stephen Palmer

in Health Impact Assessment

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526292
eISBN:
9780191723889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526292.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the current state of affairs on this intersection between the older health inequalities tradition and the evolving health impact assessment (HIA) field. It then summarizes the ... More


The Examination of Neighborhood Effects on Health: Conceptual and Methodological Issues Related to the Presence of Multiple Levels of Organization

Ana V. Diez Roux

in Neighborhoods and Health

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195138382
eISBN:
9780199865505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195138382.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The investigation of neighborhood effects on health raises a series of conceptual and methodological issues related to the presence of observations at a lower level (e.g., individuals) nested within ... More


Multilevel Methods for Public Health Research

S. V. Subramanian, Kelvyn Jones, and Craig Duncan

in Neighborhoods and Health

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195138382
eISBN:
9780199865505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195138382.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins by outlining the conceptual motivation behind multilevel analyses and by identifying a core set of research questions that this approach addresses. It then introduces the idea of ... More


Health Impact Assessment

John Kemm, Jayne Parry, and Stephen Palmer (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526292
eISBN:
9780191723889
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526292.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Health effects are often overlooked when planning development projects ranging from new runways at major airport sites to developing water supply systems to improve sanitation. Health Impact ... More


The great studies of smoking and disease in the twentieth century

Michael J. Thun and S. J. Henley

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines the contributions of several large prospective studies conducted over the second half of the 20th century to our understanding of the health hazards of tobacco use. Beginning in ... More


HIA of policy in Canada

John Kemm, Jayne Parry, and Stephen Palmer

in Health Impact Assessment

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526292
eISBN:
9780191723889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526292.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter outlines past and present developments of health impact assessment (HIA) at the policy level in Canada. The examples cover the unsuccessful attempt to institutionalize HIA at cabinet ... More


What is HIA? Introduction and overview

John Kemm, Jayne Parry, and Stephen Palmer

in Health Impact Assessment

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526292
eISBN:
9780191723889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526292.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents an introduction to health impact assessment (HIA). Topics discussed include definition and purpose of HIA, the conceptual roots of HIA, positivistic and relativistic bases for ... More


Nuclear Weapons

Patrice M. Sutton and Robert M. Gould

in War and Public Health

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195311181
eISBN:
9780199865086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311181.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes the health impacts of the use of nuclear weapons and the challenges of controlling nuclear weapons today. It describes the human health effects of weapons production. It ... More


Neighborhood-Level Context and Health: Lessons from Sociology

Robert J. Sampson

in Neighborhoods and Health

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195138382
eISBN:
9780199865505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195138382.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

A new generation of neighborhood-level research has emerged in recent years to address the question of why so many health-related outcomes are concentrated ecologically. This chapter highlights the ... More


Causal mechanisms for HIA: learning from epidemiology

John Kemm, Jayne Parry, and Stephen Palmer

in Health Impact Assessment

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526292
eISBN:
9780191723889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526292.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Health impact assessors who wish to advise policy makers and base their health impact assessment (HIA) on the fullest scientific evidence must understand the potential and pitfalls of epidemiology. ... More


Impact Assessment in Canada: an evolutionary process

John Kemm, Jayne Parry, and Stephen Palmer

in Health Impact Assessment

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526292
eISBN:
9780191723889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526292.003.0027
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Canada was one of the first countries in the world to develop a standardized national approach to health impact assessment (HIA). This chapter describes the HIA framework and its evolution over the ... More


HIA at the international policy-making level

John Kemm, Jayne Parry, and Stephen Palmer

in Health Impact Assessment

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526292
eISBN:
9780191723889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526292.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines international policies on health impact assessment (HIA). Topics covered include policies of the World Health Organization, the European Community, and other intergovernmental ... More


Setting the Limits of Knowledge

Olga Kuchinskaya

in The Politics of Invisibility: Public Knowledge about Radiation Health Effects after Chernobyl

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027694
eISBN:
9780262325417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027694.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

Chapter 6 describes the transformation of Belarusian post-Chernobyl research efforts, from the systematic development of radiological research infrastructures in the last years of the Soviet Union to ... More


Lessons from EIA

John Kemm, Jayne Parry, and Stephen Palmer

in Health Impact Assessment

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526292
eISBN:
9780191723889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526292.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the development of environmental impact assessment (EIA) to set the context against which lessons can be drawn. It briefly considers the rationale for EIA and indicates the ... More


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