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Medical Drug Utilization Information Systems in the United States and Europe

Chrisanthi Avgerou

in Information Systems and Global Diversity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199263424
eISBN:
9780191714252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263424.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter examines information systems for the use of medical drugs, known as drug utilization systems, also referred to as prescription systems in the UK. Since the 1980s, information systems in ... More


Curing Fragmentation With Integrated Delivery Systems: What They Do, What Has Blocked Them, Why We Need Them, and How to Get There From Here *

Alain Enthoven

in The Fragmentation of U.S. Health Care: Causes and Solutions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195390131
eISBN:
9780199775934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390131.003.004
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter begins with a discussion of the fragmentation of health care delivery and its occurrence at two levels: with the individual patient, and at the community level. It then discusses ... More


Ending the Specialty Hospital Wars: A Plea for Pilot Programs as Information-Forcing Regulatory Design

Frank Pasquale

in The Fragmentation of U.S. Health Care: Causes and Solutions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195390131
eISBN:
9780199775934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390131.003.011
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter focuses on the need for more targeted assessment of the impact of market forces on communities. Pilot programs encourage experimentation in the delivery system without risking widespread ... More


The Dangers of the Market Panacea

Mark Schlesinger

in Healthy, Wealthy, and Fair: Health Care and the Good Society

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195170665
eISBN:
9780199850204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170665.003.0024
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the emergence of market ideology and how it has reshaped understanding of the nature and import of inequality within the American health-care system. It describes four changes ... More


Health Care Systems

Rebecca J. Cook, Bernard M. Dickens, and Mahmoud F. Fathalla

in Reproductive Health and Human Rights: Integrating Medicine, Ethics, and Law

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241323
eISBN:
9780191696909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241323.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter defines a health care system as the mechanism in any society that transforms or metabolizes inputs of knowledge, and human and financial resources into outputs of services relevant to ... More


User Charges for Health Care: A Review of the Underlying Theory and Assumptions

GERMANO MWABU

in Social Provision in Low-Income Countries: New Patterns and Emerging Trends

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242191
eISBN:
9780191697050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242191.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Public and Welfare

Efficiency and equity have been the most controversial concerns in the health care financial system for a very long time, specifically in most low-income countries. Since there are informational and ... More


Understanding and Organizing Health Care Systems

Anne-Emanuelle Birn, Yogan Pillay, and Timothy H. Holtz

in Textbook of Global Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199392285
eISBN:
9780199392315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199392285.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This chapter examines archetypes of health care systems, from various European national health systems to the centrally planned model of the former Soviet Union and the market-driven US model. The ... More


Why the United States Has No National Health Insurance and What Can Be Done About It

Jill Quadagno

in One Nation, Uninsured: Why the U.S. Has No National Health Insurance

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160390
eISBN:
9780199944026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160390.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter presents an evaluation of the alternative explanations of the American case based on the historical evidence given, and analyzes the prospects of health care reform in the twentieth ... More


Legal Remedies: Therapeutic Markets and the Judicialization of the Right to Health

João Biehl and Adriana Petryna

in When People Come First: Critical Studies in Global Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157382
eISBN:
9781400846801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157382.003.0016
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

In 1996, Brazil became the first developing country to adopt an official policy granting free access to antiretroviral drugs through its broad-reaching but ailing public health care system (SUS). In ... More


Medical Safety and Neuroergonomics

Matthew Rizzo, Sean McEvoy, and John Lee

in Neuroergonomics: The brain at work

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177619
eISBN:
9780199864683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177619.003.0023
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter considers how neuroergonomics—the study of the brain and behavior at work in healthy and impaired states—is relevant to assessments and interventions in patient safety at the levels of ... More


Do health care systems contribute to inequalities?

David A. Leon and Gill Walt

in Poverty, Inequality, and Health: An International Perspective

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192631961
eISBN:
9780191723599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631961.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter considers the role of health care systems in generating poverty and inequality. It argues that health care systems, as social institutions, are built out of the existing social structure ... More


What Is Needed for Better Health Care: Better Systems, Better Patients or Both?

Markus A. Feufel, Gerd Antes, Johann Steurer, Gerd Gigerenzer, J. A. Muir Gray, Marjukka Mäkelä, Albert G. Mulley, David E. Nelson, Jay Schulkin, Holger Schünemann, John E. Wennberg, and Claudia Wild

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Patients’ health illiteracy is, in part, a consequence of how the health care system has been set up. Conversely, the flaws of the health care system and the interest groups it caters to can only ... More


Canada Health Care Reform in Comparative Perspective

Carolyn Hughes Tuohy

in Comparative Studies and the Politics of Modern Medical Care

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300149838
eISBN:
9780300155952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300149838.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter uses the Canadian health policy experience to illuminate the conditions under which fundamental or incremental reform takes place. The chapter is organized as follows. The first section ... More


Mother of Invention: How the Government Created "Free-Market" Health Care

Robert I. Field

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199746750
eISBN:
9780199354528
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746750.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Private enterprise drives health care more pervasivelyin the United Statesthananywhere else in the developed world. To many people,thisis evidence of a resounding “free-market” success. However, ... More


Modernising health care: Reinventing professions, the state and the public

Ellen Kuhlmann

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348586
eISBN:
9781447302810
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348586.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This book is a crucial contribution to debates about the rapid modernisation of health care systems and the dynamics of changing modes of governance and citizenship. Structured around the role of the ... More


The health debate: Policy & Politics in the Twenty-First Century

David J. Hunter

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349293
eISBN:
9781447303855
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349293.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Health care systems across the world are in a state of permanent revolution as they struggle to cope with multiple pressures arising from changing demography, new technologies and limited resources. ... More


Don't Rock the Boat

Jill Quadagno

in One Nation, Uninsured: Why the U.S. Has No National Health Insurance

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160390
eISBN:
9780199944026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160390.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter discusses how Medicaid and Medicare created uncontrollable inflation within the health care system, thus leading to a purchaser's revolt, first studying how the beneficiaries were ... More


Provider Sovereignty and Civil Rights

Jill Quadagno

in One Nation, Uninsured: Why the U.S. Has No National Health Insurance

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160390
eISBN:
9780199944026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160390.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter explains how the radical politics of the South were enacted within the health care system. It shows how the performance of Medicare gave federal officials the resources to enforce racial ... More


Germany Evidence, Policy, and Politics in Health Care Reform

Martin Pfaff

in Comparative Studies and the Politics of Modern Medical Care

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300149838
eISBN:
9780300155952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300149838.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines heath care reform in Germany. It begins with a brief description of the German health care system and its operation—its political dynamics and its recent evolution. It then ... More


What does it produce?

Julian Tudor Hart

in The political economy of health care: Where the NHS came from and where it could lead

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847427830
eISBN:
9781447303930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847427830.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Health is not the only sort of wealth which the NHS produces, but like all health care systems, whether for fees, profit or public service, this purports to be its principal product. For commercial ... More


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