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The Supply of Soft Innovations

Paul Stoneman

in Soft Innovation: Economics, Product Aesthetics, and the Creative Industries

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199572489
eISBN:
9780191722257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572489.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter considers alternative models of the supply of soft innovations relying heavily on models of product differentiation. Existing models of product differentiated markets are adapted to ... More


Computational Molecular Evolution

Ziheng Yang

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198567028
eISBN:
9780191728280
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567028.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The field of molecular evolution has experienced explosive growth in recent years due to the rapid accumulation of genetic sequence data, continuous improvements to computer hardware and software, ... More


The Chinese Software Industry

Ted Tschang and Lan Xue

in From Underdogs to Tigers: The Rise and Growth of the Software Industry in Brazil, China, India, Ireland, and Israel

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199275601
eISBN:
9780191705823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275601.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

The Chinese software industry offers a strong contrast to its Indian counterpart in terms of the role of the state and the choice of growth paths, and also in terms of language and business ... More


Facing In, Facing Out: Information Technology Production Policy in India from the 1960s to the 1990s

Richard Heeks

in Information Technology Policy: An International History

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199241057
eISBN:
9780191714290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241057.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

India was a Third World Information Technology colossus by the year 2000. In 1998/99, it exported an estimated US$2.2 billion-worth of software and produced more than 700,000 computers for the home ... More


Romania's Hardware and Software Industry; Building Information Technology Policy and Capabilities in an Transitional Economy

Richard Heeks and Mihaiela Grundey

in Information Technology Policy: An International History

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199241057
eISBN:
9780191714290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241057.003.0014
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

The Communist Party took power in Romania after the Second World War and Romania formed part of the ‘Eastern bloc’ of Soviet satellite states. The dramatic events of December 1989 overthrew the ... More


Software's hidden challenges 1

Robert E. Cole

in Recovering from Success: Innovation and Technology Management in Japan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297320
eISBN:
9780191711237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297320.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter examines another key ICT industry — packaged software — of which Japan is a huge net importer. In what goes to the heart of the modularization issue, it is shown that the large ... More


Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

B. Jack Copeland (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

The mathematical genius Alan Turing (1912-1954) was one of the greatest scientists and thinkers of the 20th century. Now well known for his crucial wartime role in breaking the ENIGMA code, he was ... More


Introduction

B. Jack Copeland

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This introductory chapter discusses the development of Alan Turing's ‘universal computing machine’, better known as the universal Turing Machine. The earliest large-scale electronic digital ... More


AFM instrumentation

Peter Eaton and Paul West

in Atomic Force Microscopy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199570454
eISBN:
9780191722851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570454.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter describes the design of modern AFM instruments in detail. It shows both how the instruments are built, and how they work. There are descriptions of the mechanical, electronic, and ... More


The Gunpowder Revolution

John Landers

in The Field and the Forge: Population, Production, and Power in the Pre-industrial West

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199279579
eISBN:
9780191719448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279579.003.0007
Subject:
History, Social History, Economic History

The introduction of gunpowder to warfare represented the beginning of the large-scale exploitation of chemical energy by human societies. The introduction of firearms to land warfare affected all ... More


INFORMATION PROCESSING BY BIOLOGICAL AND ARTIFICIAL SMART STRUCTURES

Vinod K. Wadhawan

in Smart Structures: Blurring the Distinction Between the Living and the Nonliving

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199229178
eISBN:
9780191711282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229178.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter begins with a brief survey of the history of logical thought, and of the basics of the interplay of natural processes that have led to the evolution of computational intelligence, both ... More


Fast Friends—Virtuality and Social Capital

Eric L. Lesser and Joseph Cothrel

in Creating Value with Knowledge: Insights from the IBM Institute for Business Value

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780195165128
eISBN:
9780199835751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165128.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter surveys the current thinking on social capital, with an eye to the challenges organizations face in promoting its creation and preservation. It explores the ways virtual communication ... More


Telecom Manufacturing, Research and Development, Software Development, and Outsourcing

Varadharajan Sridhar

in The Telecom Revolution in India: Technology, Regulation, and Policy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198075530
eISBN:
9780199081042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198075530.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter covers the hardware industry in the areas of network equipment, cables and transmission, hardware components, and handsets. The growth of this outsourcing and the recent advancements in ... More


The Computer and Software Sector

Eli M. Noam

in Media Ownership and Concentration in America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195188523
eISBN:
9780199852574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188523.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

The American information technology (IT) sector—hardware, software, and services—was $0.25 trillion in size in 2005. In 1984, it was $143 billion (in 2005 dollars). During these two decades, the ... More


The Nuclear Planning Group: British–German Co-operation

CHRISTOPH BLUTH

in Britain, Germany, and Western Nuclear Strategy

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198280040
eISBN:
9780191684340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198280040.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter focuses on the discussion of the Nuclear Planning Group (NPG). This group was founded after the fall of the ‘hardware solution’ represented by the Multilateral Force (MLF) and the ... More


Interfaces on Trial 2.0

Jonathan Band and Masanobu Katoh

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015004
eISBN:
9780262295543
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015004.001.0001
Subject:
Information Science, Information Science

We live in an interoperable world. Computer hardware and software products from different manufacturers can exchange data within local networks and around the world using the Internet. The ... More


The Future of BCIs: Meeting the Expectations

Jonathan R. Wolpaw and Elizabeth Winter Wolpaw

in Brain–Computer Interfaces: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388855
eISBN:
9780199932689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388855.003.0025
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter begins with a brief discussion of the future of brain-computer interface (BCI) technology. It then discusses the problems that must be solved in three crucial areas in order to achieve ... More


The Medium Is the Message: Period Instruments

Bruce Haynes

in The End of Early Music: A Period Performer's History of Music for the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195189872
eISBN:
9780199864218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189872.003.09
Subject:
Music, History, Western

The years 1760 to 1840 are usually associated with the Industrial Revolution. They also encompassed a series of significant musical developments that led from Galant music to the Romantic/Canonic ... More


Computers

ANGELO GAVEZZOTTI

in Molecular Aggregation: Structure analysis and molecular simulation of crystals and liquids

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570806
eISBN:
9780191718779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570806.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Chemical applications of force field simulations, of quantum mechanics, as well as X-ray data processing, lattice dynamics, and molecular dynamics simulations are all made possible by fast and ... More


Improving Cyber Security

Ruby B. Lee

in Advances in Cyber Security: Technology, Operations, and Experiences

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780823244560
eISBN:
9780823268948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823244560.003.0001
Subject:
Information Science, Information Science

This chapter discusses some promising game-changing strategies for improving cyber security: enabling tailored trustworthy spaces, thwarting attackers with proactive moving target strategies, and ... More


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