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Talking About Nothing: Numbers, Hallucinations and Fictions

Jody Azzouni

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199738946
eISBN:
9780199866175
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738946.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Ordinary language and scientific language enable us to speak about, in a singular way (with demonstratives and names), what we recognize not to exist: fictions, the contents of our hallucinations, ... More


Perception, Hallucination, and Illusion

William Fish

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195381344
eISBN:
9780199869183
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381344.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The idea of a disjunctive theory of visual experiences first found expression in J. M. Hinton's pioneering 1973 book Experiences. The first monograph in this exciting area since then, this book ... More


The Issue Before Us

John Foster

in The Nature of Perception

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237693
eISBN:
9780191597442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237693.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Strong direct realism (SDR) has the resources to meet the Causal Argument from hallucination, which I once thought decisive. But it fails for a different reason. When a physical item is Φ‐terminally ... More


Perception and its Objects

Bill Brewer

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199260256
eISBN:
9780191725470
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260256.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book presents, motivates, and defends a new solution to a fundamental problem in the philosophy of perception. What is the correct theoretical conception of perceptual experience, and how should ... More


On Being Justified in One's Head

Timothy Williamson

in Rationality and the Good: Critical Essays on the Ethics and Epistemology of Robert Audi

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195311952
eISBN:
9780199871070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311952.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter critically appraises Audi's theory of normative grounds for belief and action, focusing on the theory's commitment to access and supervenience internalism. It considers Audi's response ... More


Hallucinations

Jody Azzouni

in Talking About Nothing: Numbers, Hallucinations and Fictions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199738946
eISBN:
9780199866175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738946.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

It’s common to think that demonstrations require something (that exists) that’s demonstrated. If, because of hallucination, there is no object, then the demonstration—and what’s said—is seen by some ... More


Deleuze, Altered States and Film

Anna Powell

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748632824
eISBN:
9780748651139
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748632824.001.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This book offers a typology of altered states, defining dream, hallucination, memory, trance and ecstasy in their cinematic expression, and presenting altered states films as significant ... More


How to Account for Illusion

Bill Brewer

in Disjunctivism: Perception, Action, Knowledge

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231546
eISBN:
9780191716126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231546.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Early modern empiricists think of perceptual experience as the presentation of an object to a subject. Phenomena of illusion suggest that such objects must be mind dependent things. Alternatively, ... More


Disjunctivism and Discriminability

A. D. Smith

in Disjunctivism: Perception, Action, Knowledge

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231546
eISBN:
9780191716126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231546.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Disjunctivists typically claim that something is a hallucination if it is an experience that is not a perception, but that the subject cannot tell, just in virtue of having the experience and ... More


Visual cortex reprogramming following retinal lesions or artificial scotomas: Perceptual effects and neural circuitry

W. Burke

in Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex: Plasticity following central and peripheral lesions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528999
eISBN:
9780191723926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528999.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter considers the consequences of retinal lesions and discusses the controversies surrounding retinal lesioning techniques. The perceptual consequences of these techniques are described ... More


Further Applications: Originalism and Experience

R. M. Sainsbury and Michael Tye

in Seven Puzzles of Thought and How to Solve Them: And How to Solve Them: An Originalist Theory of Concepts

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199695317
eISBN:
9780191738531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695317.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter applies originalism to three further problems: the content of hallucinatory experience, the epistemic role of perception, and arguments against physicalism based on conceivability ... More


Introspection, Explanation, and Perceptual Experience: Resisting Metaphysical Disjunctivism

Aaron Zimmerman

in Introspection and Consciousness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199744794
eISBN:
9780199933396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744794.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

According to metaphysical disjunctivists, veridical visual experience and hallucination do not have a common nature. The chapter argues that disjunctivism so defined is incompatible with common sense ... More


The Nature of Symptoms

R. Walter Heinrichs

in In Search of Madness: Schizophrenia and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195122190
eISBN:
9780199865482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195122190.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter analyzes the symptoms of schizophrenia, focusing on the “positive”triad of hallucinations, delusions, and thought disorder. Studies have shed light on the mental processes that mediate ... More


Dreaming: A Conceptual Framework for Philosophy of Mind and Empirical Research

Jennifer M. Windt

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262028677
eISBN:
9780262327466
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028677.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Are dreams conscious experiences occurring during sleep? What exactly would it mean to say that they are? How does the concept of dreaming fit into the framework of concepts commonly used to describe ... More


Better than Mere Knowledge? The Function of Sensory Awareness

Mark Johnston

in Perceptual Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199289769
eISBN:
9780191711046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289769.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses the function of sensory awareness for perception in two ways. First, it addresses how sensory awareness functions so as to make available external items as objects of immediate ... More


On Being Alienated

M. G. F. Martin

in Perceptual Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199289769
eISBN:
9780191711046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289769.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Disjunctivist theories advocate a type of naïve realism about veridical perception in that they support the common understanding that some sensory experiences are relations to mind-independent ... More


Philosophy of Dreams

Christoph Turcke and Susan Gillespie

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780300188400
eISBN:
9780300199123
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300188400.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Why has humankind developed so differently from other animals? How and why did language, culture, religion, and the arts come into being? This book offers a new answer to these time-worn questions by ... More


‘In Nomine Patris’: Ovid's Theban Law

Micaela Janan

in Reflections in a Serpent's Eye: Thebes in Ovid's Metamorphoses

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199556922
eISBN:
9780191721021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556922.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Ovid paints Thebes as a series of surrealistic vignettes in which the size, the form, and the very nature of things shift for no apparent reason (Met. 3–4). This welter of phantasmata is nothing ... More


An Externalist’s Guide to Inner Experience

Benj Hellie

in Perceiving the World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195386196
eISBN:
9780199866748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386196.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

How is the direct realist’s relational consciousness related to phenomenality? I develop a notion of reflective indiscriminability intended to answer to sameness of phenomenal character. Then suppose ... More


Hallucination: Philosophy and Psychology

Fiona Macpherson and Dimitris Platchias (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780262019200
eISBN:
9780262315050
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019200.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Reflection on the nature of hallucination has relevance for many traditional philosophical debates concerning the nature of the mind, perception, and our knowledge of the world. In recent years, ... More


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