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How Public Service Bargains Change and Fall

Christopher Hood and Martin Lodge

in The Politics of Public Service Bargains: Reward, Competency, Loyalty - and Blame

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199269679
eISBN:
9780191604096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926967X.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter explores how public service bargains can weaken or collapse, focusing on the ways in which different types of bargain provide incentives for different ways of cheating and strategic ... More


The Biology of Polar Regions

D.N. Thomas, G.E. Fogg, P. Convey, C.H. Fritsen, J.-M. Gili, R. Gradinger, J. Laybourn-Parry, K. Reid, and D.W.H. Walton

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298112
eISBN:
9780191711640
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298112.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

There is now an increased awareness of the importance of polar regions in the Earth system, as well as their vulnerability to anthropogenic derived change, including of course global climate change. ... More


Habitat Management for Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Malcolm Ausden

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198568728
eISBN:
9780191717529
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568728.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Habitat management is commonly used to maintain and enhance the biological interest of many areas of semi-natural habitat, where natural processes no longer create suitable conditions for desired ... More


The Biology of Soil: A community and ecosystem approach

Richard Bardgett

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525035
eISBN:
9780191728181
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525035.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This book provides a comprehensive, up-to-date synthesis of what is known about soil biodiversity and the factors that regulate its distribution, as well as the functional significance of ... More


Philosophical approaches to habitat management

Malcolm Ausden

in Habitat Management for Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198568728
eISBN:
9780191717529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568728.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses the various philosophical approaches to habitat management. The fundamental differences between approaches concerns how management aims to create and maintain cultural habitats ... More


The Economics of Terrestrial Biodiversity Conservation in Developing Nations

López Ramón and Michael A. Toman

in Economic Development and Environmental Sustainability: New Policy Options

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199298006
eISBN:
9780191603877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199298009.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Scientists and governments recognize the importance of biodiversity and its value to society. However, the unprecedented loss of biodiversity in this century signals a serious failure of policy to ... More


Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel B. Araújo

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This book provides a first synthetic view of an emerging area of ecology and biogeography, linking individual- and population-level processes to geographic distributions and biodiversity patterns. ... More


 ECOLOGICAL THINKING: Subversions and Transformations

Lorraine Code

in Ecological Thinking: The Politics of Epistemic Location

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159431
eISBN:
9780199786411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159438.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter shows how ecology, literally and metaphorically, affords a model for rethinking the established theories of knowledge, and relations between humanity and the other-than-human, that ... More


The use of dragonflies in the assessment and monitoring of aquatic habitats

Beat Oertli

in Dragonflies and Damselflies: Model Organisms for Ecological and Evolutionary Research

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230693
eISBN:
9780191710889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230693.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Odonata constitute a valuable tool for various types of bioassessment and biomonitoring of aquatic habitats, such as the measure of biodiversity, the appraisal of waterbody health or integrity ... More


The Global Pollination Crisis

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0029
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on the global pollination crisis. For nearly three decades now there has been evidence of declines in pollinators worldwide, and the problems were explicitly recognized in the ... More


Habitat quality and reproductive behavior in chickadees and tits: Potential for habitat matrix use in forest generalists

Ken A. Otter, Harry van Oort, and Kevin T. Fort

in Ecology and Behavior of Chickadees and Titmice: an integrated approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198569992
eISBN:
9780191717802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569992.003.0020
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

Habitat destruction and fragmentation poses one of the most serious threats to biodiversity in conservation biology. What distinguishes habitat fragments is that the intervening gaps are often ... More


Animal architects as ecosystem engineers Animal architects as ecosystem engineers

Mike Hansell

in Animal Architecture

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507529
eISBN:
9780191709838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507529.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter deals with the subject of builders at the community level. It assesses whether animal builders are important ecosystem engineers, and whether they support the concept of keystone ... More


Habitat destruction: death by a thousand cuts

William F. Laurance

in Conservation Biology for All

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199554232
eISBN:
9780191720666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554232.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

William F. Laurance provides an overview of contemporary habitat loss in this chapter. Vast amounts of habitat destruction have already occurred. for instance, about half of all global forest cover ... More


Habitat fragmentation and landscape change

Andrew F. Bennett and Denis A. Saunders

in Conservation Biology for All

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199554232
eISBN:
9780191720666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554232.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Conceptual approaches used to understand conservation in fragmented landscapes are summarized in this chapter by Andrew F. Bennett and Denis A. Saunders. Destruction and fragmentation of habitats are ... More


Invasions and range expansion

Roger Cousens, Calvin Dytham, and Richard Law

in Dispersal in Plants: A Population Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199299126
eISBN:
9780191715006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299126.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter explores the spatial dynamics of invading species, paying particular attention to the patterns formed as they spread, i.e., the rate of increase of the area invaded and the rate at which ... More


Some conclusions

David N. Thomas, G.E. (Tony) Fogg, Peter Convey, Christian H. Fritsen, Josep-Maria Gili, Rolf Gradinger, Johanna Laybourn-Parry, Keith Reid, and David W.H. Walton

in The Biology of Polar Regions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298112
eISBN:
9780191711640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298112.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter presents some concluding thoughts about polar habitats and polar ecology. It argues that polar habitats are unique and of great intrinsic interest to ecologists. Their study helps us ... More


Introduction

Malcolm Ausden

in Habitat Management for Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198568728
eISBN:
9780191717529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568728.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the meaning of habitat management and why it is necessary. It then discusses the principles of habitat management and the aims and scope of the ... More


Setting objectives and monitoring

Malcolm Ausden

in Habitat Management for Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198568728
eISBN:
9780191717529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568728.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses management/site action planning for habitat management: the process for deciding what you want to achieve, how to achieve it, and how to monitor whether you are achieving it. ... More


General techniques and considerations

Malcolm Ausden

in Habitat Management for Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198568728
eISBN:
9780191717529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568728.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses some general techniques and considerations common to managing most habitats. These include principles of managing for different groups, landscape factors, and disturbances; ... More


Dwarf-shrub habitats and shrublands

Malcolm Ausden

in Habitat Management for Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198568728
eISBN:
9780191717529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568728.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Dwarf-shrubs are vegetation types dominated by low (less than 3-4 m high), predominantly evergreen, shrubs, typically on soils with low nutrient availability. Characteristic dwarf-shrub vegetation ... More


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