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Types of Threats: From Stereotype Threat to Stereotype Threats

Jenessa R. Shapiro

in Stereotype Threat: Theory, Process, and Application

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732449
eISBN:
9780199918508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732449.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The psychological experience of stereotype threat—a concern about being seen through the lens of a negative stereotype—can undermine motivation and performance in stereotype-relevant fields (Steele, ... More


What is a National Minority?

JENNIFER JACKSON PREECE

in National Minorities and the European Nation-States System

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198294375
eISBN:
9780191685033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198294375.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter considers a working definition of national minority that is well suited to a study focused on the tension between minority rights and sovereign state rights and written in the ... More


Social categorisation and group identification: how African-Americans shape their collective identity through consumption

Virág Molnár and Michéle Lamont

in Innovation By Demand: An Interdisciplinary Approach to the Study of Demand and its Role in Innovation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719062674
eISBN:
9781781700273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719062674.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter analyses how African Americans use consumption to express collective identity. It considers ‘group identification’ and ‘social categorisation’ through interviews conducted with black ... More


The Transformation of Private Needs into Public Issues

Sandra R. Levitsky

in Caring for Our Own: Why There is No Political Demand for New American Social Welfare Rights

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199993123
eISBN:
9780199378906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199993123.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter explores the first essential dimension of politicization: the process of reinterpreting longstanding “private” needs as matters of public deliberation and decision making. How do ... More


Feeling Ashamed of Myself Because of You

Alba Montes Sánchez and Alessandro Salice

in Embodiment, Enaction, and Culture: Investigating the Constitution of the Shared World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262035552
eISBN:
9780262337120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035552.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Within the literature, shame is generally described as a self-conscious emotion, meaning that shame is about the self that feels that emotion. But how can this account accommodate cases in which I ... More


Ethnocentrism in Black and White

in Us Against Them: Ethnocentric Foundations of American Opinion

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226435701
eISBN:
9780226435725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226435725.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the role of ethnocentrism in public opinion about race in the United States. The analysis reveals that black Americans identify more or less closely with their racial group and ... More


Identification of Treatment Groups

David Daley, Rasmus Højbjerg Jacobsen, Anne‐Mette Lange, Anders Sørensen, and Jeanette Walldorf

in Costing Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Impact on the Individual and Society

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198745556
eISBN:
9780191807619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745556.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter identifies and characterizes two groups of Danish individuals who have been diagnosed with ADHD as adults. One group of patients consists of individuals referred to and diagnosed within ... More


Culture and Outgroup Altruism

Pearl M. Oliner

in Saving the Forsaken: Religious Culture and the Rescue of Jews in Nazi Europe

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300100631
eISBN:
9780300130409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300100631.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter offers some final thoughts on the relationships between religious culture and outgroup altruism. It suggests that collectivist culture is more predisposed towards outward altruism ... More


Collective Individuals: Parallels Between Joint Action and Biological Individuality

Cédric Paternotte

in Individuals Across the Sciences

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780199382514
eISBN:
9780199382538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199382514.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

There exist many definitions of human joint action. However, they do not agree and are not directly reducible to each other. This multiplicity is due to a lack of constraints on them. This chapter ... More


The “New Black Voter” and Obama’s Presidential Campaign

Sarah Cote Hampson

in Historic Firsts: How Symbolic Empowerment Changes U.S. Politics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199314171
eISBN:
9780190275099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199314171.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The chapter uses data from the 2008 American National Election Studies (ANES) time series to examine symbolic empowerment and its impact on political behavior. The chapter reveals that voting in the ... More


Gabriel Álvarez de Toledo

in Sceptres and Sciences in the Spains: Four Humanists and the New Philosophy, c 1680-1740

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853235866
eISBN:
9781846314001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853235866.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This chapter examines the works of Gabriel Álvarez de Toledo, royal librarian and co-founder of the Spanish Royal Academy of Language under Spain's first Bourbon monarch. It discusses Álvarez's ... More


The Figural Jew: Politics and Identity in Postwar French Thought

Sarah Hammerschlag

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226315119
eISBN:
9780226315133
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226315133.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The rootless Jew, wandering disconnected from history, homeland, and nature, was often the target of early twentieth-century nationalist rhetoric aimed against modern culture. But following World War ... More


Deterritorialising the Holocaust

Adrian Parr

in Deleuze and the Contemporary World

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748623419
eISBN:
9780748652389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748623419.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter aims to explore the connection between history and memory, and analyses the deterritorialisation of the Holocaust. It suggests that there are two kinds of memory – singular and ... More


Religion, Cohesion, and Hostility

Harvey Whitehouse

in Religion, Intolerance, and Conflict: A Scientific and Conceptual Investigation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199640911
eISBN:
9780191753077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640911.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Religion and Society

This chapter examines the effects of religious ritual on tolerance and intolerance. It distinguishes between the rare traumatic rituals that are typical of small religious groups and the ... More


Pedro de Peralta Barnuevo

in Sceptres and Sciences in the Spains: Four Humanists and the New Philosophy, c 1680-1740

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853235866
eISBN:
9781846314001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853235866.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This chapter examines the works of humanist Pedro de Peralta Barnuevo. It suggests that Peralta's precepts for epic poetry and history acknowledged French neoclassical rhetoric and poetics, and ... More


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