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Half Century of American Range Ecology and Management: A Retrospective

Frederic H. Wagner

in Foundations of Environmental Sustainability: The Coevolution of Science and Policy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195309454
eISBN:
9780199871261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309454.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses the development of the livestock industry and grazing management and policy in the United States. It describes the climatic and vegetative conditions in the four major ... More


General techniques and considerations

Malcolm Ausden

in Habitat Management for Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198568728
eISBN:
9780191717529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568728.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses some general techniques and considerations common to managing most habitats. These include principles of managing for different groups, landscape factors, and disturbances; ... More


Dry grasslands

Malcolm Ausden

in Habitat Management for Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198568728
eISBN:
9780191717529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568728.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses grassland management. The common objectives of grassland management are to: provide the desired sward composition, the specific aim often being to maintain or increase plant ... More


Dwarf-shrub habitats and shrublands

Malcolm Ausden

in Habitat Management for Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198568728
eISBN:
9780191717529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568728.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Dwarf-shrubs are vegetation types dominated by low (less than 3-4 m high), predominantly evergreen, shrubs, typically on soils with low nutrient availability. Characteristic dwarf-shrub vegetation ... More


Writing Bayesian Models

N. Thompson Hobbs and Mevin B. Hooten

in Bayesian Models: A Statistical Primer for Ecologists

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159287
eISBN:
9781400866557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159287.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter offers a general set of steps for writing models to assist the researcher in formulating their own approach to the Bayesian model. The crucial skill of specifying models is often ... More


The Biology of African Savannahs

Bryan Shorrocks

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570660
eISBN:
9780191717680
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570660.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Savannahs are one of the largest biomes of the world, comprising about 20% of the land surface. Stated simply, they are tropical and subtropical grasslands, with scattered bushes and trees. Most ... More


Adding the Ecosystem

Kevin S. McCann

in Food Webs (MPB-50)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134178
eISBN:
9781400840687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134178.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines how nutrient recycling and decomposition affect the dynamics and stability of food webs. It first reviews some of the existing theory on detritus and food web dynamics before ... More


Estimating Aboveground Net Primary Production in Grassland- and Herbaceous-Dominated Ecosystems

Alan K. Knapp, John M. Briggs, Daniel L. Childers, and Osvaldo E. Sala

in Principles and Standards for Measuring Primary Production

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195168662
eISBN:
9780199790128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168662.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Although grass- and herb-dominated ecosystems may be easier to sample for aboveground primary production than most others, a variety of challenges for standardizing approaches in different settings ... More


Influences on Upland System Structure II: The Sagebrush-Steppe Subsystem

Frederic H. Wagner

in Yellowstone's Destabilized Ecosystem: Elk Effects, Science, and Policy Conflict

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195148213
eISBN:
9780199790449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148213.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Historic and photographic evidence shows that sagebrush (sagebrush-steppe is 53% of the northern range) were moderate to abundant from 1872-1920, significantly reduced from 1920-1960, and recovered ... More


Case Study: Assessments of Plant Diversity in Arid Landscapes

Thomas J. Stohlgren

in Measuring Plant Diversity: Lessons from the Field

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172331
eISBN:
9780199790395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172331.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

In arid environments, the patterns of native and non-native plant diversity may be affected by cryptobiotic crusts. This chapter is a detailed case study designed to: (1) quantify patterns of native ... More


 Neighbours and Enemies

Charles Ramble

in The Navel of the Demoness: Tibetan Buddhism and Civil Religion in Highland Nepal

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195154146
eISBN:
9780199868513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154146.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

The cohesiveness that gave the Shöyul the collective strength with which to deal with its troublesome neighbours required alliances between communities that were sometimes the bitterest of enemies. ... More


Species interactions

Bryan Shorrocks

in The Biology of African Savannahs

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570660
eISBN:
9780191717680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570660.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter starts by examining a simple classification of interaction between just two species into +, 0, or -. This produces a 3x3 matrix which reduces to six possible interactions. Only three ... More


The Tragedy of the Commons

Ingmar Persson and Julian Savulescu

in Unfit for the Future: The Need for Moral Enhancement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653645
eISBN:
9780191742033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653645.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In the cooperation problem known as the tragedy of the commons almost all of the herdsmen will have to cut down on the grazing of their cattle of their commons in order to avoid over-grazing. ... More


Dynamical diffraction in highly asymmetric coplanar and non-coplanar geometries

ANDRÉ AUTHIER

in Dynamical Theory of X-Ray Diffraction

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198528920
eISBN:
9780191713125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528920.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The first part of this chapter is devoted to the derivation of the generalized dispersion equation in highly asymmetric coplanar geometries (grazing incidence or grazing emergence). The deviation ... More


Sovereignty of the State, or the States?

Karen R. Merrill

in Public Lands and Political Meaning: Ranchers, the Government, and the Property between Them

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520228627
eISBN:
9780520926882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520228627.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter investigates how the conflict over fees helped propel the political discussion of the public lands in new directions. It also presents the grazing debates, leading up to the passage of ... More


Shifting Landscapes: The Making and Remaking of Village Commons in India

Rita Brara

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195673012
eISBN:
9780199081813
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195673012.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This book goes into the realm of villagers who depend on a combination of private farms and common grazing lands for a livelihood. It concentrates on the social framing of village commons and its ... More


The Politics of Scale: A History of Rangeland Science

Nathan F. Sayre

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226083117
eISBN:
9780226083391
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226083391.001.0001
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

This book tells the history of scientific efforts to understand and manage rangelands—the grasslands, shrublands, savannas, tundra, steppe and deserts that comprise some two-fifths of Earth’s land ... More


Economy

S. A. Mileson

in Parks in Medieval England

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199565672
eISBN:
9780191721748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565672.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter examines the evidence for the economic exploitation of parks and provides an assessment of its significance. By contrast with the many studies which emphasize the importance of the ... More


Time Flows, the Child Plays

Krzysztof Michalski

in The Flame of Eternity: An Interpretation of Nietzsche's Thought

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143460
eISBN:
9781400840212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143460.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter introduces the images of the grazing cows, the child at play, and the person observing them with envy and emotion. It argues that these images are supposed to confront us with human ... More


Dynamical Theory of X-Ray Diffraction

André Authier

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198528920
eISBN:
9780191713125
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528920.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

X-ray diffraction is a major tool for the study of crystal structures and the characterization of crystal perfection. Since the discovery of X-ray diffraction by von Laue, Friedrich, and Knipping in ... More


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