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Epilogue: A Vision of Unity

David F. Armstrong and Sherman E. Wilcox

in The Gestural Origin of Language

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195163483
eISBN:
9780199867523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163483.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This concluding chapter presents a summary of the main argument of the book, which is that signed languages are in an important sense not unique, that they are merely manifestations of the human ... More


Engaging the World

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0014
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Because it unfolds through time, conceptualization (and hence linguistic meaning) is inherently dynamic. There are numerous natural paths that it tends to follow, and which tend to coalign in ... More


Construal

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

An expression's meaning depends not only on the conceptual content it evokes but also on the construal it imposes on that content. Broad classes of construal phenomena include specificity, focusing, ... More


Frequency of Use and the Organization of Language

Joan Bybee

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195301571
eISBN:
9780199867271
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301571.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This book essentially argues for the importance of word frequency as a factor in the analysis and explanation of language structure. In other words, the roles of words and other linguistic phenomena ... More


Sequentiality as the Basis of Constituent Structure

Joan Bybee

in Frequency of Use and the Organization of Language

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195301571
eISBN:
9780199867271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301571.003.0015
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

Recent investigations of the relation between grammar and language use, especially in the literature on grammaticization, have made it clear that grammar is not a fixed logical structure but rather ... More


Mechanisms of Change in Grammaticization: The Role of Frequency

CAROL LYNN MODER

in Frequency of Use and the Organization of Language

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195301571
eISBN:
9780199867271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301571.003.0016
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter examines the frequency effects associated with grammaticization using the case study of the development of the English auxiliary can. It argues that many of the phenomena associated with ... More


Are Stem Changes as Natural as Affixes?

JEAN E. NEWMAN

in Frequency of Use and the Organization of Language

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195301571
eISBN:
9780199867271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301571.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

A prominent claim made in the theory of natural morphology is that among morphological processes, affixation is more “natural” than internal stem changes. According to this theory, the criteria for ... More


Where We Stand

Gennaro Chierchia

in Logic in Grammar: Polarity, Free Choice, and Intervention

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199697977
eISBN:
9780191765971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697977.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter synthesizes and discusses the main results of the book, namely (i) the treatment of ordinary scalar terms and their implicatures, (ii) pure NPIs (emphatic, weak, strong) (iii) NPIs that ... More


Motivating competitions

John W. Du Bois

in Competing Motivations in Grammar and Usage

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198709848
eISBN:
9780191780158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709848.003.0016
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter is about motivations, competitions, and resolutions: about the motivations that shape the organization of grammar, the competitions that arise between these motivations, and the ... More


Or constructions: Monosemy vs. polysemy

Mira Ariel

in Competing Motivations in Grammar and Usage

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198709848
eISBN:
9780191780158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709848.003.0020
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Codes and inferences compete in language, and the competition manifests itself at the level of the language system and in real‐time interactions. Grammars sometimes offer a monosemous code for some ... More


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