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Institutionalization of different governmental patterns: separation and fusion of powers in America and Europe

Sergio Fabbrini

in Compound Democracies: Why the United States and Europe Are Becoming Similar

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235612
eISBN:
9780191715686
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235612.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter analyzes the institutionalization of different governmental patterns in America and the European nation-states, the former based on separation, the latter on the fusion of powers ... More


Majoritarian or Power‐Sharing Government

Andrew Reynolds

in Electoral Systems and Democratization in Southern Africa

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295105
eISBN:
9780191600128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295103.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This is the last of four chapters that discusses the theoretical underpinnings of the research on democratization in southern Africa that is described in the book, as well as provides qualitative ... More


Introduction

George C. Edwards III and Desmond S. King

in The Polarized Presidency of George W. Bush

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199217977
eISBN:
9780191711541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217977.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the existing legacy of George W. Bush. It then considers the divergence in views of the president and his performance, his policies, ... More


Southern Reform and the New Deal

Kimberley Johnson

in Reforming Jim Crow: Southern Politics and State in the Age Before Brown

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195387421
eISBN:
9780199776771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387421.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter explores how Jim Crow reformers, energized by the New Deal and with access to its resources, attempted to further centralize government power in a political order that was characterized ... More


The Scope of Government

Ole Borre and Elinor Scarbrough (eds)

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294740
eISBN:
9780191598838
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294743.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This book is the third in the ‘Beliefs in government’ series, and examines the effects of the post‐war arrival of the welfare state in the countries of Western Europe. The welfare state inaugurated a ... More


The International Human Rights Movement: A History

Aryeh Neier

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691135151
eISBN:
9781400841875
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691135151.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

During the past several decades, the international human rights movement has had a crucial hand in the struggle against totalitarian regimes, cruelties in wars, and crimes against humanity. Today, it ... More


Genetics, public health, and the law

Ellen Wright Clayton

in Genetics and Public Health in the 21st Century: Using Genetic Information to Improve Health and Prevent Disease

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195128307
eISBN:
9780199864485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195128307.003.0025
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the legally defined scope of the government's powers to use genetic information to improve the public health. It begins by discussing public health law more generally before ... More


Prerogative Power in Rome

Nomi Claire Lazar

in Extra-Legal Power and Legitimacy: Perspectives on Prerogative

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199965533
eISBN:
9780199351343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199965533.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter examines the history and theory of the dictatorship in the Roman Republic. It addresses the question of why Romans had such an easygoing attitude towards prerogative. It is argued that, ... More


Crisis and Legitimacy in the Administrative Process: A Historical Perspective

J. O. Freedman

in A Reader on Regulation

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198765295
eISBN:
9780191695292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198765295.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter discusses the growth of the administrative process in the United States. The steady growth in the role of the federal government has been one of the most distinctive and important ... More


Monarch-Love; or, How the Prince of Wales Saved the Union

Elisa Tamarkin

in Anglophilia: Deference, Devotion, and Antebellum America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226789446
eISBN:
9780226789439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226789439.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

This chapter traces the democratic fascination with both the sacred rituals of state and the personalized authority of the British monarchy, while attempting to make sense of the symbolic value of ... More


The Constitution of 1848: Reconstructing Government, Balancing Powers, Oppressing Free Blacks

Frank Cicero Jr.

in Creating the Land of Lincoln: The History and Constitutions of Illinois, 1778-1870

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780252041679
eISBN:
9780252050343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041679.003.0005
Subject:
History, Political History

Chapter 4 focuses on the 1847 Illinois state constitutional convention and the constitution approved by voters in 1848. Democrats comprised a majority of delegates, but Whigs built many successful ... More


The Constitution of 1818: Slavery, a Bogus Census, Feeble Executive Power

Frank Cicero Jr.

in Creating the Land of Lincoln: The History and Constitutions of Illinois, 1778-1870

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780252041679
eISBN:
9780252050343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041679.003.0003
Subject:
History, Political History

Chapter 2 follows Illinois’s transition from territory to state. A territorial census was likely padded to reach the required 40,000 inhabitants. The 1818 constitutional convention wrote the state’s ... More


The Constitution of 1870: Progressive Foundation for a Century

Frank Cicero Jr.

in Creating the Land of Lincoln: The History and Constitutions of Illinois, 1778-1870

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780252041679
eISBN:
9780252050343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041679.003.0008
Subject:
History, Political History

Chapter 7 summarizes debates of the 1869–70 Illinois state constitutional convention, whose blend of representatives from Democratic, Republican, and People’s Parties yielded a relatively nonpartisan ... More


The Limits of Sovereignty: Property Confiscation in the Union and the Confederacy during the Civil War

Daniel W. Hamilton

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226314822
eISBN:
9780226314860
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226314860.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

Americans take for granted that government does not have the right to permanently seize private property without just compensation. Yet for much of American history, such a view constituted the ... More


The Party of Lincoln, 1854–1865

Lewis L. Gould

in The Republicans: A History of the Grand Old Party

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199936625
eISBN:
9780190252700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199936625.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter details the events that led to the rise of the Republicans in the 1850s and the Lincoln presidency in 1860. Once in power, the party that had been founded in an effort to restrict the ... More


Epilogue: The Crucible of Memory

in The Specter of Salem: Remembering the Witch Trials in Nineteenth-Century America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226005416
eISBN:
9780226005423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226005423.003.0007
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter considers the post-nineteenth-century life of Salem as a metaphor that is most familiar to modern Americans, and suggests that one can always find some appeal to Salem's example to ... More


Our Fourth Amendment Tradition

Stephen J. Schulhofer

in More Essential than Ever: The Fourth Amendment in the Twenty First Century

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780195392128
eISBN:
9780190259761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195392128.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter examines the Fourth Amendment tradition in its 400-year history in England and the colonies. It analyzes early landmark cases that influenced Americans' understanding of individual ... More


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