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Goal-Directed Behavior and Future Planning in Animals

Anthony Dickinson

in Animal Thinking: Contemporary Issues in Comparative Cognition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016636
eISBN:
9780262298988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016636.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter draws a distinction between two forms of prospective behavior, goal-directed behavior and future planning, in terms of the motivational relevance of the goal or outcome of the behavior. ... More


Planning, Memory, and Decision Making

Amanda Seed, Nicola Clayton, Peter Carruthers, Anthony Dickinson, Paul W. Glimcher, Onur Güntürkün, Robert R. Hampton, Alex Kacelnik, Murray Shanahan, Jeffrey R. Stevens, and Sabine Tebbich

in Animal Thinking: Contemporary Issues in Comparative Cognition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016636
eISBN:
9780262298988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016636.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter is motivated by the following questions: What sorts of information do animals use to make decisions, and what mechanisms underpin the actions of different animal species in different ... More


Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Silvia A. Bunge and Jonathan D. Wallis (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

A fundamental question facing neuroscience is how complex behavior is controlled. This book brings together a number of leading cognitive and systems neuroscientists focusing on this question. ... More


The Control of the Unwanted

Peter M. Gollwitzer, Ute C. Boyer, and Kathleen C. McCulloch

in The New Unconscious

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195307696
eISBN:
9780199847488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307696.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Intentions to do more good and less bad are reliably associated with actual efforts in the intended directions. However, the link between intention and behavior is modest, largely due to the fact ... More


Integration across Multiple Cognitive and Motivational Domains in Monkey Prefrontal Cognitivea

Masataka Watanabe

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0021
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter begins by describing the neuronal bases of higher cognitive activity in relation to coding the stimulus' meaning across different sensory modalities. The neuronal bases of motivational ... More


Control Signals and Goal-Directed Behavior

Erik M. Altmann

in Integrated Models of Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195189193
eISBN:
9780199847457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189193.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

The psychological notion of a “goal” can take various forms, but at the bottom all goal-directed activity seems to require that the correct control signal be detectable by the cognitive system ... More


Using conceptual knowledge in action and language

Michiel van Elk, Hein T. van Schie, Oliver Lindemann, and Harold Bekkering

in Sensorimotor Foundations of Higher Cognition

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199231447
eISBN:
9780191696510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231447.003.0025
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter outlines the concept of action semantics and reviews existing literature dealing with functional mechanisms underlying conceptual knowledge and goal-directed behaviour. Recent findings ... More


Working Memory Capacity: Self-control Is (in) the Goal

James M. Broadway, Thomas S. Redick, and Randall W. Engle

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

Self-control is defined in relation to current goals of an organism. Working memory capacity (WMC) is defined as a cognitive system for maintaining access to goal representations as needed. ... More


Cultural Differences in Procedural Knowledge and Their Impact on Consumer Behavior

Robert S. Wyer

in Handbook of Culture and Consumer Behavior

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199388516
eISBN:
9780190228347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199388516.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Knowledge of cultural differences in consumer judgment and making decision is increasingly important for understanding communication and advertising effectiveness in the expanding global marketplace. ... More


Getting Directions

Robert Aunger and Valerie Curtis

in Gaining Control: How human behavior evolved

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199688951
eISBN:
9780191799334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688951.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter concerns the second major advance in behavioral control: motivation, which allows animals to achieve goals (or desirable, mentally represented end-states). We argue that there are three ... More


Neural Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control

Rogier B. Mars, Jerome Sallet, Matthew F. S. Rushworth, and Nick Yeung (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016438
eISBN:
9780262298490
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016438.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This book offers a range of perspectives on a simple problem: How does the brain choose efficiently and adaptively among options to ensure coherent, goal-directed behavior? The contributors, from ... More


The biased-competition memory system of early mammals

Elisabeth A. Murray, Steven P. Wise, and Kim S. Graham

in The Evolution of Memory Systems

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199686438
eISBN:
9780191766312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686438.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Among many mammalian innovations, a new type of cortex emerged: the neocortex. According to our proposal, part of the neocortex housed what we call the biased-competition memory system. It uses ... More


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