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Simple Molecules That Turn You On and Off

Gary L. Wenk

in Your Brain on Food: How Chemicals Control Your Thoughts and Feelings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388541
eISBN:
9780199863587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388541.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Glutamate is an amino acid that your brain uses as a neurotransmitter and it is almost always is excitatory. GABA is also an amino acid that your brain uses as a neurotransmitter and it is almost ... More


Overview and Perspective

ROBERT BALÁZS, RICHARD J. BRIDGES, and CARL W. COTMAN

in Excitatory Amino Acid Transmission in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195150025
eISBN:
9780199865079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150025.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

L-Glutamate (Glu) is the most prevalent neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system (CNS) and is responsible for mediating the majority of its excitatory signaling. From the start, ... More


Glutamatergic Signaling In Neurogenesis

Noritaka Nakamichi and Yukio Yoneda

in Neurovascular Medicine: Pursuing Cellular Longevity for Healthy Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195326697
eISBN:
9780199864874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326697.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter summarizes recent studies on the functional expression of ionotropic glutamate receptors (iGluRs) and metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) by neural progenitor cells isolated from ... More


Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

Hoby Hetherington

in Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195342765
eISBN:
9780199863617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342765.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) enable the noninvasive regional assessment of major metabolites in the human brain including: N-acetyl aspartate (NAA), ... More


The Relationship between Dopaminergic Axons and Glutamatergic Synapses in the Striatum: Structural Considerations

Jonathan Moss and J. Paul Bolam

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

This chapter summarizes data on the anatomical substrate of the interaction between both glutamatergic corticostriatal synapses and thalamostriatal synapses with dopaminergic axons and terminals in ... More


Excitatory Amino Acid Transmission in Health and Disease

Robert Balazs, Richard J. Bridges, and Carl W. Cotman

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195150025
eISBN:
9780199865079
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150025.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This book provides a comprehensive, easy-to-read survey of excitatory amino acids and synaptic transmission. It begins with descriptions of the structure, function, and pharmacology of both the ... More


Metabotropic Glutamate Receptors

ROBERT BALÁZS, RICHARD J. BRIDGES, and CARL W. COTMAN

in Excitatory Amino Acid Transmission in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195150025
eISBN:
9780199865079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150025.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) are a distinct family of excitatory amino acid receptors. Unlike the ionotropic glutamate receptors (iGluRs), which constitute cation-specific ion channels ... More


Glutamate Transporters

ROBERT BALÁZS, RICHARD J. BRIDGES, and CARL W. COTMAN

in Excitatory Amino Acid Transmission in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195150025
eISBN:
9780199865079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150025.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The ability of glutamate (Glu) to contribute to physiological processes ranging from fast excitatory signaling to synaptic plasticity and neuropathology depends on the considerable diversity that ... More


Molecular Organization of Glutamate Receptors in the Postsynaptic Density

ROBERT BALÁZS, RICHARD J. BRIDGES, and CARL W. COTMAN

in Excitatory Amino Acid Transmission in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195150025
eISBN:
9780199865079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150025.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

A significant advance in the field of excitatory amino acid (EAA) transmission has been the great progress made toward elucidation of the molecular composition and function of the postsynaptic ... More


Glutamate and Glutamate Receptors in Neurological Diseases

ROBERT BALÁZS, RICHARD J. BRIDGES, and CARL W. COTMAN

in Excitatory Amino Acid Transmission in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195150025
eISBN:
9780199865079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150025.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Although glutamate (Glu) normally functions as a neurotransmitter, excess Glu can be harmful and can cause cells to degenerate. Glutamate can cause neuronal cell death by a mechanism referred to as ... More


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