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Neuron–glial interactions

Barbara A. Barres

in Molecular and Cellular Approaches to Neural Development

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195111668
eISBN:
9780199865833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195111668.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

This chapter reviews recent studies that suggest that it is no longer tenable to consider glial cells as passive support cells. These studies have shown that interactions between neurons and glial ... More


Glia and Synaptic Transmission

Eric A. Newman

in Neuroglia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.003.0028
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter reviews recent evidence defining glial-neuronal interactions at the tripartite synapse. Topics covered include structure of the tripartite synapse, neuronal activation of glial cells, ... More


Voltage-Activated Ion Channels in Glial Cells

Michelle L. Olsen and Harald W. Sontheimer

in Neuroglia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses voltage-activated ion channels in glial cells, including sodium channels, calcium channels, and potassium channels. Studies have proven that glial cells contain a large variety ... More


Radial Glial Cells: Scaffolding for Cortical Development and Evolution

Pasko Rakic

in Neuroglia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.003.0031
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

Radial glial cells derive from the neuroepithelial cells during restricted developmental periods in most regions of the vertebrate brain. The diversity of functions and the variety of morphogenetic ... More


The Role of Neurogenic Astroglial Cells in the Developing and Adult Central Nervous System

Stephen C. Noctor, Lidija Ivic, Verónica Martínez-Cerdeño, and Arnold R. Kriegstein

in Neuroglia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter focuses on the role of neurogenic astroglial cells in the development of the central nervous system (CNS). Recent findings have elucidated a more complex role for astroglial cells in the ... More


The Schwann Cell Lineage

Kristján R. Jessen and Rhona Mirsky

in Neuroglia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter focuses on Schwann cells. Topics discussed include Schwann cell development, the use of markers to identify distinct stages of embryonic Schwann cell development, the origin of glial ... More


Extracellular Potassium and pH: Homeostasis and Signaling

Jonathan A. Coles and Joachim W. Deitmer

in Neuroglia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.003.0026
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter focuses on signaling and homeostasis. Electrical signaling in nervous systems involves considerable fluxes of ions across the neuronal membranes to carry electrical charge in and out. ... More


The Concept of Neuroglia: A Historical Perspective

Helmut Kettenmann and Bruce R. Ransom (eds)

in Neuroglia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter provides a historical perspective that highlights the early period of glial research. Topics covered include Virchow's invention of the term neuroglia in 1856, Heinrich Müller' picture ... More


Transplantation of Myelin-Forming Cells

William F. Blakemore and Robin J.M. Franklin

in Neuroglia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.003.0038
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter is divided into two sections. The first explores methodological and conceptual issues that are important when designing and interpreting glial cell transplantation studies. The second ... More


Cytoskeletal Proteins in Astroglia

Lawrence F. Eng and Yuen Ling Lee

in Neuroglia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

The cytoskeleton is essential for many cellular processes, including mechanical strength, movement, adhesion, polarity, and intracellular trafficking. The cytoplasm of animal cells is structured by ... More


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