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The Role of Neurogenic Astroglial Cells in the Developing and Adult Central Nervous System

Stephen C. Noctor, Lidija Ivic, Verónica Martínez-Cerdeño, and Arnold R. Kriegstein

in Neuroglia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter focuses on the role of neurogenic astroglial cells in the development of the central nervous system (CNS). Recent findings have elucidated a more complex role for astroglial cells in the ... More


Introduction Food, Drugs, and You

Gary L. Wenk

in Your Brain on Food: How Chemicals Control Your Thoughts and Feelings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388541
eISBN:
9780199863587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388541.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Drugs and foods can affect your brain and therefore your behavior. It is becoming increasingly difficult to define what is a drug (i.e., something that your brain wants or needs in order to function ... More


Neuron–glial interactions

Barbara A. Barres

in Molecular and Cellular Approaches to Neural Development

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195111668
eISBN:
9780199865833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195111668.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

This chapter reviews recent studies that suggest that it is no longer tenable to consider glial cells as passive support cells. These studies have shown that interactions between neurons and glial ... More


Glial Targets of Developmental Exposure to Ethanol

Consuelo Guerri, Gemma Rubert, and Maria Pascual

in Brain Development: Normal Processes and the Effects of Alcohol and Nicotine

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195183139
eISBN:
9780199865147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183139.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

Glia are recognized as active partners with neurons as participants in neurotransmission and they play essential roles in axonal conduction, synaptic plasticity, and information processing. In the ... More


Brain Damage, Brain Repair

James W. Fawcett, Anne E. Rosser, and Stephen B. Dunnett

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523376
eISBN:
9780191724534
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523376.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Many neurological conditions are caused by damage to neurons and glial cells. For most of these diseases there are at present no effective treatments to minimise the extent of neuronal and glial ... More


Developmental origins of astrocytes

James E. Goldman

in Glial Cell Development: basic principles and clinical relevance

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781872748542
eISBN:
9780191724367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9781872748542.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

Our knowledge of specific molecular and physiological characteristics of astrocytes has increased tremendously in recent years. This chapter focuses on the origins of astrocytes and the lineage ... More


Retina and Optic Centers of Cephalopods

Javier DeFelipe

in Cajal's Neuronal Forest: Science and Art

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190842833
eISBN:
9780190842864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190842833.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This section contains a gallery of original Cajal drawings pertaining to the retina and optic centers in cephalopods.


Supplementary Figures

Javier DeFelipe

in Cajal's Neuronal Forest: Science and Art

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190842833
eISBN:
9780190842864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190842833.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This section contains a gallery of supplementary figures based on original drawings of Cajal.


Optic Lobe of Lower Vertebrates

Javier DeFelipe

in Cajal's Neuronal Forest: Science and Art

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190842833
eISBN:
9780190842864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190842833.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This section contains a gallery of original Cajal drawings pertaining to the optic lobe of lower vertebrates.


Seeking Truth from Facts

Priscilla Song

in Biomedical Odysseys: Fetal Cell Experiments from Cyberspace to China

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691174778
eISBN:
9781400885282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174778.003.0010
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter focuses on how Dr. Huang and his staff have contested international biomedical research protocols and devised new methods to assess the effectiveness of their experimental human ... More


i-Witnessing

Priscilla Song

in Biomedical Odysseys: Fetal Cell Experiments from Cyberspace to China

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691174778
eISBN:
9781400885282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174778.003.0011
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

As Dr. Huang and the New Century staff members were busy devising new methods to document the effects of their experimental human olfactory ensheathing glial cell transplantation surgery, patients ... More


Design of Neurons

Peter Sterling

in Principles of Neural Design

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262028707
eISBN:
9780262327312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028707.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

A neuron collects information cheaply via allosteric protein chemistry and integrates via analogue electrical signals in dendrites. Dendrites branch to expand information capacity by collecting more ... More


The Fly Lamina: An Efficient Interface for High-Speed Vision

Peter Sterling

in Principles of Neural Design

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262028707
eISBN:
9780262327312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028707.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

A fly gathers information for high-speed vision with fast, accurate photoreceptors. Information encoded at high rates is costly and must be preserved during transmission to interneurons by synaptic ... More


So How Much Does It Cost?

Suzana Herculano-Houzel

in The Human Advantage: A New Understanding of How Our Brain Became Remarkable

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262034258
eISBN:
9780262333214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034258.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Human brain is 2% of body mass, but costs 25% of body energy budget; the glia/neuron ratio increases with average neuronal cell size, not brain size; glial cells as source of energy for neurons; ... More


Cortical Circuits: Consistency and Variability across Cortical Areas and Species

Jon H. Kaas

in Dynamic Coordination in the Brain: From Neurons to Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014717
eISBN:
9780262289818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014717.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

The local circuits in the neocortex of mammals consists of neurons that need to obtain reliably meaningful information from their dominant activating inputs and to alter their responses to these ... More


Cajal's Neuronal Forest: Science and Art

Javier DeFelipe

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190842833
eISBN:
9780190842864
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190842833.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Cajal’s Neuronal Forest: Science and Art continues the tradition set forth in the 2009 publication Cajal’s Butterflies of the Soul: Science and Art. This new compilation contains a vastly large ... More


Cerebral Cortex and Olfactory Apparatus

Javier DeFelipe

in Cajal's Neuronal Forest: Science and Art

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190842833
eISBN:
9780190842864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190842833.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This section contains a gallery of original Cajal drawings pertaining to the cerebral cortex and olfactory apparatus.


Degeneration and Regeneration of the Nervous System

Javier DeFelipe

in Cajal's Neuronal Forest: Science and Art

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190842833
eISBN:
9780190842864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190842833.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This section contains a gallery of original Cajal drawings pertaining to the degeneration and regeneration of the nervous system.


Insect Brain: Visual System

Javier DeFelipe

in Cajal's Neuronal Forest: Science and Art

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190842833
eISBN:
9780190842864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190842833.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This section contains a gallery of original Cajal drawings pertaining to the visual systems of the insect brain.


The Scientific Atmosphere in Cajal’s Times

Javier DeFelipe

in Cajal's Neuronal Forest: Science and Art

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190842833
eISBN:
9780190842864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190842833.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Section A focuses on the scientific atmosphere in Cajal’s times and, in particular, on the history of the neuron and the anatomical challenge of the study of neuronal connections.


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