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Conclusion

Alexander Samely

in Forms of Rabbinic Literature and Thought: An Introduction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199296736
eISBN:
9780191712067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296736.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The preceding chapters show that rabbinic thought is intertwined with the nature of its texts, with rabbinic textuality. In the absence of a compelling textual Gestalt, the formal self sufficiency ... More


Rationality + Consciousness = Free Will

David Hodgson

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199845309
eISBN:
9780199932269
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845309.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

In recent years, philosophical discussions of free will have focused largely on whether or not free will is compatible with determinism. In this challenging book, David Hodgson takes a fresh approach ... More


Fundamentalism and the Paranoid Gestalt

David M. Terman

in The Fundamentalist Mindset: Psychological Perspectives on Religion, Violence, and History

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195379655
eISBN:
9780199777334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379655.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter describes a cognitive—affective pattern of individual and group psychological organization, called the paranoid gestalt, which is the essential structure of the fundamentalist mindset. ... More


Seeing Black and White

Alan Gilchrist

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187168
eISBN:
9780199786725
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187168.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

How the human visual system determines the lightness of a surface, that is, its whiteness, blackness, or grayness, remains, like vision in general, a mystery. In fact, we have not been able to create ... More


Action In and On a World

John Levi Martin

in The Explanation of Social Action

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199773312
eISBN:
9780199897223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773312.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

Chapter 5 investigates three alternatives to the Durkheimian understanding of the nature of the cognitive components to action. The first is the Russian activity school, associated ... More


The Gestalt Period

Alan Gilchrist

in Seeing Black and White

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187168
eISBN:
9780199786725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187168.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

The third period of lightness theory saw the arrival of the Gestalt psychologists, with their penetrating insights and dramatic experiments. Rejecting the clumsy two-stage conception of raw ... More


Auditory and Visual Segmentation

Stephen Handel

in Perceptual Coherence: Hearing and seeing

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195169645
eISBN:
9780199786732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169645.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The proximal stimulation at ear and eye is neutral, the excitations from different sources are intermixed, and the excitations can be organized in several ways to yield different percepts. The ... More


The Psychological Realm: Abraham Maslow's Self-Actualized Individuals and Eupsychian Community

Linda Sargent Wood

in A More Perfect Union: Holistic Worldviews and the Transformation of American Culture after World War II

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195377743
eISBN:
9780199869404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377743.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter concentrates on the life and work of psychologist Abraham Maslow. In his influential book Motivation and Personality, he embraced holistic ideas explicitly: “Holism is obviously ... More


Introduction

David Hodgson

in Rationality + Consciousness = Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199845309
eISBN:
9780199932269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845309.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

The Introduction introduces the problem of free will and responsibility, and the book's contention that what we do is not the inexorable playing out of the role in life given to us by our genes and ... More


Gestalts and Rules

David Hodgson

in Rationality + Consciousness = Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199845309
eISBN:
9780199932269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845309.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

In Chapter 5, I offer a specific and straightforward proposal as to what the role of consciousness is, namely to enable an organism to be responsive to circumstances grasped as wholes, not just to ... More


The Origins of Music

Carl Stumpf

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199695737
eISBN:
9780191742286
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695737.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This book was first published in German in 1911. The text sets out a path-breaking hypothesis on the earliest musical sounds in human culture. Alongside research in such diverse fields as classical ... More


Parts and wholes: Implicative patterns in inflectional paradigms

Farrell Ackerman, James P. Blevins, and Robert Malouf

in Analogy in Grammar: Form and Acquisition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547548
eISBN:
9780191720628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547548.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Computational Linguistics

Humans show an amazing ability to produce novel words based on previous experience. What analogical processes are at work in this process, and how do analogical generalizations emerge from complex ... More


The Normative Nature of Perceptual Experience

Sean D. Kelly

in Perceiving the World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195386196
eISBN:
9780199866748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386196.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

When we perceive an object or one of its properties, it is natural to think that the perception involves a representation of the thing or property seen. This paper argues that perception necessarily ... More


Psychology of Science: Influence on the Philosophy of Science

E. J. Capaldi and Robert W. Proctor

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

There has always been a close association between psychology and the philosophy of science. Although some individuals over the past 200 years have suggested that psychology had little to offer ... More


Experienced Wholeness: Integrating Insights from Gestalt Theory, Cognitive Neuroscience, and Predictive Processing

Wanja Wiese

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262036993
eISBN:
9780262343275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036993.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The unity of the experienced world and the experienced self have puzzled humanity for centuries. How can we understand this and related types of phenomenal (i.e., experienced) unity? This book ... More


Perceptual Constraints on Implicit Memory for Visual Features: Statistical Learning in Human Infants

Richard N. Aslin

in Infant Perception and Cognition: Recent Advances, Emerging Theories, and Future Directions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195366709
eISBN:
9780199863969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366709.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Vision

Younger and Cohen established a “statistical” approach to visual category formation by asking whether infants are sensitive to the correlations among features in five-feature objects. Their results ... More


Weimar Psychology: Holistic Visions and Trained Intuition

Mitchell G. Ash

in Weimar Thought: A Contested Legacy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691135106
eISBN:
9781400846788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691135106.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter describes the indeterminate place of professional psychology between the natural sciences and the humanities in the epoch, and the manner in which members of the discipline, especially ... More


Perception

Joaquín M. Fuster

in Cortex and Mind: Unifying Cognition

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195300840
eISBN:
9780199863655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300840.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter argues that cortical networks and the knowledge they represent are hierarchically organized in layers by order of complexity or generality of cognitive content. These layers correspond ... More


Integral Wholes

PETER SIMONS

in Parts: A Study in Ontology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241460
eISBN:
9780191696930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241460.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

In his well-known criticisms of the uses of the terms Gestalt and Ganzheit in the 1930s, Moritz Schlick argues that there is no ontological difference between sums on the one hand and Ganzheiten on ... More


Seeing an Aspect and Seeing under an Aspect

Brian O’Shaughnessy

in Wittgenstein and the Philosophy of Mind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199737666
eISBN:
9780199933372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737666.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

This chapter is concerned to show how Wittgenstein’s later-period discussions of the varieties of aspect perception call attention to the fact that understanding is centrally and irreducibly involved ... More


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