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The Early History of Atmospheric Oxygen: Biological Evidence

Donald Eugene Canfield

in Oxygen: A Four Billion Year History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145020
eISBN:
9781400849888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145020.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter discusses the history of atmospheric oxygen through geologic time. One of the giants in this discussion is Vladimir Vernadsky 1863–1945), a Ukranian mineralogist turned geochemist and ... More


Past Diversity in Time and Space, Paleoclimates, and Paleoecology

Annalisa Berta

in Return to the Sea: The Life and Evolutionary Times of Marine Mammals

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520270572
eISBN:
9780520951440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270572.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter provides an introduction to fossils and a geologic time frame, which provides a context for interpreting marine mammal fossils and possible causes for their origin and diversification. ... More


Catch and Release: The Enduring Yet Vulnerable Horseshoe Crab

Lisa Jean Moore

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781479876303
eISBN:
9781479848096
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479876303.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Based on a multimethod study that centers on interviews with over 30 conservationists, field biologists, ecologists, paleontologists and over 3 years of my fieldwork on urban beaches in the New York ... More


John McPhee’s: Annals of the Former World

Douglas McCollam

in Second Read: Writers Look Back at Classic Works of Reportage

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231159319
eISBN:
9780231500586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231159319.003.0014
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This essay reviews the book Annals of the Former World, by John McPhee. First published in 1998, Annals of the Former World presents a geological history of North America. The book is a compilation ... More


Self-Regulation of Ocean Composition by the Biosphere

Lee R. Kump

in Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262194983
eISBN:
9780262283182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262194983.003.0010
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter explores the host of mechanisms involving biological and physical processes in the context of the evolution of ocean chemistry on geologic time scales. Large fluctuations in the salinity ... More


A Great Mistake Has Been Made

James Lawrence Powell

in Four Revolutions in the Earth Sciences: From Heresy to Truth

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164481
eISBN:
9780231538459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164481.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter examines scientific ideas that led to the theory of deep time, with particular emphasis on the work of William Thomson, later Lord Kelvin. Kelvin used the laws of physics to reject ... More


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