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Genotypic Specificity of Grass-Endophyte Interactions

Gregory P. Cheplick and Stanley H. Faeth

in Ecology and Evolution of the Grass-Endophyte Symbiosis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308082
eISBN:
9780199867462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308082.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

For ongoing coevolution of the grass-endophyte symbiosis through the agents of natural selection, there must be genetic variation within populations for both host and endophyte. The breeding systems ... More


Future Directions

Gregory P. Cheplick and Stanley H. Faeth

in Ecology and Evolution of the Grass-Endophyte Symbiosis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308082
eISBN:
9780199867462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308082.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Systemic endophytes of grasses provide ideal systems for testing ecological and evolutionary theory, as well as providing an important research platform for developing and improving pasture and turf ... More


Invasions and range expansion

Roger Cousens, Calvin Dytham, and Richard Law

in Dispersal in Plants: A Population Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199299126
eISBN:
9780191715006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299126.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter explores the spatial dynamics of invading species, paying particular attention to the patterns formed as they spread, i.e., the rate of increase of the area invaded and the rate at which ... More


Attention, Genes, and Developmental Disorders

Kim Cornish and John Wilding

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195179941
eISBN:
9780199864652
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179941.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

What is attention? How does it go wrong? Do attention deficits arise from genes or from the environment? Can we cure it with drugs or training? Are there disorders of attention other than deficit ... More


Adaptive radiation: diversity and specialization

Graham Bell

in Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Selection in complex and structured environments is likely to cause the divergence of differently adapted lines. This will lead to a diverse array of specialized types, or to one or a few broad ... More


Principles of analysis of germline genetics

Jesus Gonzalez-Bosquet and Stephen J. Chanock

in Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition: Building the evidence for using genetic information to improve health and prevent disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398441
eISBN:
9780199776023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398441.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents an overview of the development and progress in applications of genomic technologies, with a focus on genomic sequence variation. Topics discussed include genetic variation, ... More


Coarse projections of the protein-mutational fitness landscape

F. Nicholas Braun

in Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199299188
eISBN:
9780191714979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299188.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The extant phylogenetic variability of a given protein contains information about its underlying sequence-fitness landscape, potentially of value to ancestral reconstruction. In extracting such ... More


Importance and stewardship of temporary waters

D. Dudley Williams

in The Biology of Temporary Waters

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528128
eISBN:
9780191713538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528128.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter underlines the importance of temporary water habitats as repositories for rare species and genotypes, at a time when such wetland habitats are being destroyed or altered at a rapid rate. ... More


Population dynamics

D. Dudley Williams

in The Biology of Temporary Waters

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528128
eISBN:
9780191713538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528128.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter highlights the seasonality of temporary waters and how this relates to variability in the life cycles of their inhabitants, leading to discussion of phenotypic and genotypic solutions. ... More


Methods for derivation of LOH and allelic copy numbers using SNP arrays

Carsten Wiuf, Philippe Lamy, and Claus L. Andersen

in Statistics and Informatics in Molecular Cancer Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199532872
eISBN:
9780191714467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532872.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Biostatistics

This chapter discusses statistical methods to derive loss-of-heterozygosity (LOH) and allele specific copy numbers in cancer cells. SNP arrays enable simultaneous information about thousands of DNA ... More


Fetal growth and development: the role of nutrition and other factors

Diana Kuh and Yoav Ben-Shlomo

in A Life Course Approach to Chronic Disease Epidemiology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198578154
eISBN:
9780191724039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198578154.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines the sources of variation in fetal growth, in particular nutrition in the context of the fetal nutritional programming hypothesis. The influence of fetal and maternal genotype on ... More


Genomics, Behavior, and Testimony at Criminal Trials

William Bernet and Anas Alkhatib

in The Impact of Behavioral Sciences on Criminal Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195340525
eISBN:
9780199867219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340525.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter describes how testimony regarding behavioral genomics is currently used in legal settings and how it may be used in the future. It focuses on three ways in which a specific individual's ... More


Hybrid fitness

Michael L. Arnold

in Evolution through Genetic Exchange

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199229031
eISBN:
9780191728266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229031.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter illustrates the fact that hybrid genotypes, like any other set of genotypes, demonstrate a range of fitness estimates. It demonstrates this point with examples involving natural ... More


Association Tests that Accommodate Genotyping Uncertainty *

Thomas A. Louis, Benilton S. Carvalho, M. Daniele Fallin, Rafael A. Irizarryi, Qing Li, and Ingo Ruczinski

in Bayesian Statistics 9

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694587
eISBN:
9780191731921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694587.003.0013
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

High‐throughput single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) arrays, typically used in genome‐wide association studies with a trait of interest, provide estimates of genotypes for up to several million loci. ... More


Hybrid Pigment Genes, Dichromacy, and Anomalous Trichromacy

Wolfgang Jagla, Tanja Breitsprecher, Itala Kucsera, Gyula Kovacs, Bernd Wissinger, Samir S. Deeb, and Lindsay T. Sharpe

in Normal and Defective Colour Vision

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525301
eISBN:
9780191584947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525301.003.0032
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter determines the variability in genotype among anomalous trichromats and dichromats, and correlates this to their colour vision phenotype. It shows that the severity of anomalous ... More


Genetic Epidemiology for Case-Based Designs

M. Daniele Fallin and W.H. Linda Kao

in The Case-Control Method: Design and Applications

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195187113
eISBN:
9780199864898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187113.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Genetic epidemiology is one of the most rapidly growing fields of epidemiologic research. Almost every human disease has some genetic component. The main purpose of genetic epidemiology is to ... More


Integrating mechanistic and evolutionary analysis of life history variation

Christian Braendle, Andreas Heyland, and Thomas Flatt

in Mechanisms of Life History Evolution: The Genetics and Physiology of Life History Traits and Trade-Offs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199568765
eISBN:
9780191774591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568765.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This introductory chapter provides a brief overview of life history theory and outlines empirical approaches towards understanding the evolution of life histories. It argues that in order to arrive ... More


High-Dimensional Adaptive Landscapes Facilitate Evolutionary Innovation

Andreas Wagner

in The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199595372
eISBN:
9780191774799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595372.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

High-dimensional adaptive landscapes facilitate the origin of evolutionary adaptations and innovations, qualitatively new and beneficial phenotypes. This chapter discusses evidence for this assertion ... More


Managing Evolution: Plant Breeding and Biotechnology

David A. Cleveland

in Balancing on a Planet: The Future of Food and Agriculture

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520277410
eISBN:
9780520957084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520277410.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Farmers (beginning in the Neolithic), amateur and professional plant breeders in the last several centuries, and now molecular biologists have greatly increased our ability to genetically manipulate ... More


Metabolic innovation

Andreas Wagner

in The Origins of Evolutionary Innovations: A Theory of Transformative Change in Living Systems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199692590
eISBN:
9780191774829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692590.003.0029
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines innovation in metabolic phenotypes. It focuses on the most fundamental phenotypes, those that allow an organism to survive in a given chemical environment. It discusses how vast ... More


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