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Reticulate Evolution and Humans: Origins and Ecology

Michael L. Arnold

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199539581
eISBN:
9780191716225
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539581.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book is an exploration of how the transfer of genes between divergent lineages — through a diverse array of mechanisms — has affected, and continues to affect, humans. In particular, it is a ... More


Crops and Weeds: It's Hard to Be a Wild Thing When You're Domesticated

C. Neal Stewart

in Genetically Modified Planet: Environmental Impacts of Genetically Engineered Plants

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195157451
eISBN:
9780199790388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157451.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biotechnology

There is a trend towards embracing nature and the acceptance of natural products, even though humans have altered virtually everything. A case in point is food and food crops. No natural human food ... More


Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Jan Sapp

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book presents a history of the last two centuries of biology. It covers early evolutionary biology — Lamarck, Cuvier, Darwin, and Wallace through to Mayr and the neodarwinian synthesis — and ... More


What Is a Virus?

Joshua S. Weitz

in Quantitative Viral Ecology: Dynamics of Viruses and Their Microbial Hosts

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161549
eISBN:
9781400873968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161549.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the definition of a virus followed by the dimensions of viral biodiversity. Viruses vary in size from genomes of a few thousand to more than a million nucleotides. Viral ... More


Animal Evolution: Genomes, Fossils, and Trees

Maximilian J. Telford and D.T.J. Littlewood (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199549429
eISBN:
9780191721601
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549429.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Developmental Biology

Animal life, now and over the past half billion years, is incredibly diverse. Describing and understanding the evolution of this diversity of body plans — from vertebrates such as humans and fish to ... More


Cycles of a Permutation

Guillaume Fertin, Anthony Labarre, Irena Rusu, Eric Tannier, and Steéphane Vialette

in Combinatorics of Genome Rearrangements

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262062824
eISBN:
9780262258753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262062824.003.0011
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

This chapter begins by providing a model for multichromosomal circular genomes. It then presents a generalization to signed genomes and some results.


Exploring Personal Genomics

Joel T. Dudley and Konrad J. Karczewski

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199644483
eISBN:
9780191774577
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644483.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book provides a novel, inquiry-based approach to the understanding and interpretation of the practical, medical, physiological, and societal aspects of personal genomic information. The material ... More


Genomes and What to Make of Them

Barry Barnes and John Dupre

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226172958
eISBN:
9780226172965
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226172965.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The announcement in 2003 that the Human Genome Project had completed its map of the entire human genome was heralded as a stunning scientific breakthrough. Since then, boasts about the benefits—and ... More


Parasitism and Protocells: Tragedy of the Molecular Commons

Jeffrey J. Tabor, Matthew Levy, Zachary Booth Simpson, and Andrew D. Ellington

in Protocells: Bridging Nonliving and Living Matter

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262182683
eISBN:
9780262282093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262182683.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter describes the top-down approach of simplifying small or minimal genomes to construct an artificial cell. First, it discusses the concept of minimal genomes. This is followed by an ... More


Genomes and meta-omics for microbes

David L. Kirchman

in Processes in Microbial Ecology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198789406
eISBN:
9780191831256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789406.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

The sequencing of entire genomes of microbes grown in pure cultures is now routine. The sequence data from cultivated microbes have provided insights into these microbes and their uncultivated ... More


Nucleolar Activity and Distribution of Ribosomal Genes in Phyllotis Rodent Species and their Laboratory Hybrids: Actividad Nucleolar Y Distribución De Genes Ribosomales En Especies De Roedores Del Género Phyllotis Y En Sus Híbridos De Laboratorio

Laura I. Walker and Sergio V. Flores

in The Quintessential Naturalist: Honoring the Life and Legacy of Oliver P. Pearson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098596
eISBN:
9780520916159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098596.003.0027
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter studies the expression of nucleolar organizer regions (NORs), distinguished through silver staining procedures, and the distribution of ribosomal genes, detected by fluorescent in situ ... More


Ecological and Phylogenetic Significance of AFLP DNA Diversity in 4 Species of Blind Subterranean Mole Rats (Spalax) in Israel: El Sigificado EcolÓGico Y FilogenÉTico De Diversidad De Aflp En El De 4 Especies S Palax En Israel

Andrei V. Polyakov, Alex Beharav, Tamar Krugman, Aaron Avivi, and Eviatar Nevo

in The Quintessential Naturalist: Honoring the Life and Legacy of Oliver P. Pearson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098596
eISBN:
9780520916159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098596.003.0028
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter examines 426 loci of Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphisms (AFLP) in Israeli Spalax, across coding and noncoding regions of genomes, along a gradient of increasing aridity. It compares ... More


Distances between Unsigned Permutations

Guillaume Fertin, Anthony Labarre, Irena Rusu, Eric Tannier, and Steéphane Vialette

in Combinatorics of Genome Rearrangements

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262062824
eISBN:
9780262258753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262062824.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

Unsigned permutations were the first combinatorial model of genomes for the study of rearrangements, and are still used when the orientation of the markers is not known. This chapter discusses ... More


Distances between Signed Permutations

Guillaume Fertin, Anthony Labarre, Irena Rusu, Eric Tannier, and Steéphane Vialette

in Combinatorics of Genome Rearrangements

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262062824
eISBN:
9780262258753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262062824.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

Signed permutations allow the relative orientation of homologous markers to be taken into account and constitute a more biologically relevant model for genomes. Reversals, for instance, always change ... More


Paths and Cycles

Guillaume Fertin, Anthony Labarre, Irena Rusu, Eric Tannier, and Steéphane Vialette

in Combinatorics of Genome Rearrangements

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262062824
eISBN:
9780262258753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262062824.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

This chapter discusses the modeling of a genome with several chromosomes by a set of paths and cycles. The model captures all the information about the order of the genes and their partition into ... More


Set Systems and the Syntenic Distance

Guillaume Fertin, Anthony Labarre, Irena Rusu, Eric Tannier, and Steéphane Vialette

in Combinatorics of Genome Rearrangements

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262062824
eISBN:
9780262258753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262062824.003.0012
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

This chapter presents models that deal with the case in which the order of the genes is unknown. While this assumption does not make sense for unichromosomal genomes, a distance between ... More


Median and Halving Problems

Guillaume Fertin, Anthony Labarre, Irena Rusu, Eric Tannier, and Steéphane Vialette

in Combinatorics of Genome Rearrangements

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262062824
eISBN:
9780262258753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262062824.003.0013
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

This chapter presents models for median and halving problems. It covers the breakpoint median; reversal and DCJ median problems; duplicated genomes; and other variants and generalizations.


Fast rates of evolution in bacteria due to horizontal gene transfer

Weilong Hao

in Rapidly Evolving Genes and Genetic Systems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642274
eISBN:
9780191774751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642274.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Horizontal gene transfer is recognized as a major force in shaping bacterial gene content and has gained incredible attention over the last decade, in part due to the fast growing number of sequenced ... More


Fast evolution of reproductive genes: when is selection sexual?

Alberto Civetta

in Rapidly Evolving Genes and Genetic Systems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642274
eISBN:
9780191774751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642274.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Reproductive genes (RGs) have been shown to evolve rapidly among species, with some being under positive (adaptive) evolution. More recent studies have attempted to decipher the role of sexual ... More


Human-Animal Chimeras and Hybrids

Sheldon Krimsky

in Stem Cell Dialogues: A Philosophical and Scientific Inquiry Into Medical Frontiers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231167482
eISBN:
9780231539401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231167482.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This dialogue presents a fictional account of a public symposium where the participants explore the ethics of creating human-animal chimeras and hybrids involving the use of stem cells for research ... More


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