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Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction

David A Liberles (ed.)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199299188
eISBN:
9780191714979
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299188.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Ancestral sequence reconstruction is a technique of growing importance in molecular evolutionary biology and comparative genomics. As a powerful tool for testing evolutionary and ecological ... More


Models of Cellular Regulation

Baltazar Aguda, Avner Friedman, and Visiting Associate Professor, The Ohio State University

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198570912
eISBN:
9780191718717
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570912.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

The human genome of three billion letters has been sequenced. So have the genomes of thousands of other organisms. With unprecedented resolution, modern technologies are allowing us to peek into the ... More


Perspectives

ZIHENG YANG

in Computational Molecular Evolution

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198567028
eISBN:
9780191728280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567028.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses current challenges and future perspectives of the field. Topics covered include theoretical issues in phylogeny reconstruction, computational issues in analysis of large and ... More


Rose's Strategy of Preventive Medicine

Geoffrey Rose, Kay-Tee Khaw, and Michael Marmot

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630971
eISBN:
9780191723551
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630971.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The Strategy of Preventive Medicine, by Geoffrey Rose, first published in 1993 remains a key text for anyone involved in preventive medicine. Rose's insights into the inextricable ... More


Beyond the Genome

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on the outcomes of the human genome project. Topics discussed include the complexity of decoding the human genome, DNA as a genetic plan, old dogmas about DNA, cell architecture ... More


Fine scale sequence diversity and signatures of selection

Julian C. Knight

in Human Genetic Diversity: Functional Consequences for Health and Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199227693
eISBN:
9780191711015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227693.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Genetic diversity observed in human populations provides unique insights into the selective pressures which have shaped our recent evolutionary past. Evidence to support this view is described in ... More


Beyond linear sequence comparisons: the use of genome-level characters for phylogenetic reconstruction

Jeffrey L. Boore and Susan I. Fuerstenberg

in Animal Evolution: Genomes, Fossils, and Trees

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199549429
eISBN:
9780191721601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549429.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Developmental Biology

The first whole genomes to be compared for phylogenetic inference were those of mitochondria, which provided the first sets of genome-level characters for phylogenetic reconstruction. Most powerful ... More


The Synaptic Organization of the Brain

Gordon M. Shepherd (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195159561
eISBN:
9780199864447
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159561.001.1
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

Synapses are the contact sites that enable neurons to form connections between each other in order to transmit and process neural information. Synaptic organization is concerned with the principles ... More


Clonality within the Individual

John C. Avise

in Clonality: The Genetics, Ecology, and Evolution of Sexual Abstinence in Vertebrate Animals

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195369670
eISBN:
9780199871063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369670.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Although clonality is often discussed in reference to whole organisms, the phenomenon also applies to (and is underlain by) genetic processes operating within each individual. All forms of clonal ... More


Conflicting messages: genomic imprinting and internal communication

David Haig

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Behavioural ecology and cell biology both use the language of communication and signalling. In cell biology, signaller and receiver are cells of a single body or molecules encoded by a single genome ... More


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