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Clonality: The Genetics, Ecology, and Evolution of Sexual Abstinence in Vertebrate Animals

John C. Avise

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195369670
eISBN:
9780199871063
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369670.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

About 99.9% of vertebrate species reproduce sexually. This makes the exceptional 0.1%—the asexual or clonal reproducers—fascinating in their own right, and also uniquely instructive about the ... More


The Speciation of Modern Homo Sapiens

T. J. Crow (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263112
eISBN:
9780191734885
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263112.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This volume addresses the question of the speciation of modern Homo Sapiens. The subject raises profound questions about the nature of the species, our defining characteristic (it is suggested it is ... More


Choosing Children: Genes, Disability, and Design

Jonathan Glover

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199290925
eISBN:
9780191710452
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290925.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Progress in genetic and reproductive technology now offers us the possibility of choosing what kinds of children we do and don't have. Should we welcome this power, or should we fear its ... More


Conclusion

John Dupré

in Darwin’s Legacy: What Evolution Means Today

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199284214
eISBN:
9780191700286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284214.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Countless features of human evolution cannot be explained in detail by Charles Darwin's theory, as abstract models are more represented than the tiny part of the totality. Scientific works are, ... More


The Population Biology of Tuberculosis

Christopher Dye

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154626
eISBN:
9781400866571
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154626.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Despite decades of developments in immunization and drug therapy, tuberculosis remains one of the leading causes of human mortality, and no country has successfully eradicated the disease. ... More


Introduction

Jonathan Glover

in Choosing Children: Genes, Disability, and Design

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199290925
eISBN:
9780191710452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290925.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This introductory chapter begins with a brief discussion of whether the power to reduce the incidence of disabilities and disorders given by developments in genetics and reproductive technologies ... More


The Gene's‐Eye View and its Discontents

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the ‘genic’ view of evolution associated with Williams, Dawkins, Maynard Smith, and others. A distinction is drawn between the process of genic selection and a gene's eye ... More


 What Is Evolutionary Biology and Where Is It Coming From?

Paul F. Lurquin and Linda Stone

in Evolution and Religious Creation Myths: How Scientists Respond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315387
eISBN:
9780199785674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315387.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter describes the Darwin-Wallace theory of evolution by natural selection. In particular, it explains the notion of fitness, which underlies the concepts of descent with modification and the ... More


The Price Equation

James A.R. Marshall

in Social Evolution and Inclusive Fitness Theory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161563
eISBN:
9781400866564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161563.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers a general description of natural selection: the Price equation. Developed by George Price in the late 1960s, the Price equation can be applied to the change of any quantity ... More


Tomorrow's Table: Organic Farming, Genetics, and the Future of Food

Pamela C. Ronald and Raoul W. Adamchak

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195301755
eISBN:
9780199867196
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301755.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

In modern agricultural politics, organic farming and genetic engineering occupy opposite ends of the spectrum. In the Ronald-Adamchak household, the world is not so black and white. Ronald is a ... More


What Developmental Biology Can Tell Us about Innateness *

Gary F. Marcus

in The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195179675
eISBN:
9780199869794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179675.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines an apparent tension created by recent research on neurological development and genetics on the one hand and cognitive development on the other. It considers what it might mean ... More


Everyday Practice of Science: Where Intuition and Passion Meet Objectivity and Logic

Frederick Grinnell

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195064575
eISBN:
9780199869442
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195064575.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Scientific facts can be so complicated that only specialists in a field fully appreciate the details, but the nature of everyday practice that gives rise to these facts should be understandable by ... More


Dog Behaviour, Evolution, and Cognition

Adam Miklosi

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199295852
eISBN:
9780191711688
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199295852.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The main aim of this book is to provide a basis for a complete dog behavioural biology based on concepts derived from contemporary ethology. Thus, dog behaviour is viewed from both functional ... More


Taxonomy, geographic variation and population genetics of Bornean and Sumatran orangutans

Benoît Goossens, Lounès Chikhi, Mohd. Fairus Jalil, Sheena James, Marc Ancrenaz, Isabelle Lackman-Ancrenaz, and Michael W. Bruford

in Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213276
eISBN:
9780191707568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter reviews the published data and discusses the taxonomy and population genetics of orangutans. The orangutan was traditionally classified as two separate subspecies, Pongo pygmaeus ... More


Community and Ecosystem Consequences of Grass Endophytes

Gregory P. Cheplick and Stanley H. Faeth

in Ecology and Evolution of the Grass-Endophyte Symbiosis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308082
eISBN:
9780199867462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308082.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Despite their minute biomass relative to other species, endophytes have the potential to have profound effects on community structure and diversity and ecosystem functions. For agronomic grasses, ... More


Genetics, Cloning, and Stem Cell Research

Adil E. Shamoo and David B. Resnik

in Responsible Conduct of Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368246
eISBN:
9780199867615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368246.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter provides an overview of ethical, social, and policy issues related to research on human genetics and embryonic stem cells. It covers such topics as genetic engineering of animals and ... More


Dragonfly flight performance: a model system for biomechanics, physiological genetics, and animal competitive behaviour

James H. Marden

in Dragonflies and Damselflies: Model Organisms for Ecological and Evolutionary Research

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230693
eISBN:
9780191710889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230693.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Adult dragonflies are heavily dependent on their flight muscles and flight ability for nearly all of their adult activities. This chapter reviews research that presents dragonflies as model organisms ... More


INFORMED CONSENT AND RISK: The Intersection of Human Research and Genetics

Frederick Grinnell

in Everyday Practice of Science: Where Intuition and Passion Meet Objectivity and Logic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195064575
eISBN:
9780199869442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195064575.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Chapter 5 presents an overview of ethical challenges to human research, especially the paradoxical relationship between research risks (mostly to the subject) and benefits (mostly to society and ... More


Genes and Human Psychological Traits

Thomas J. Jr. Bouchard

in The Innate Mind, Volume 3: Foundations and the Future

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195332834
eISBN:
9780199868117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332834.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter shows that genetic variation is an important feature of virtually every human psychological trait and must be taken into account in any comprehensive explanation (theory) of human ... More


Genetics and evolution

Franck Courchamp, Luděk Berec, and Joanna Gascoigne

in Allee Effects in Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198570301
eISBN:
9780191717642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570301.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter focuses on Allee effects in relation to genetics and evolution. These topics intersect in four different ways. First, genetics creates its own set of Allee effect mechanisms (e.g., via ... More


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