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The Enculturated Gene: Sickle Cell Health Politics and Biological Difference in West Africa

Duana Fullwiley

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691123165
eISBN:
9781400840410
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691123165.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

In the 1980s, a research team led by Parisian scientists identified several unique DNA sequences, or haplotypes, linked to sickle cell anemia in African populations. After casual observations of how ... More


The Egg

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the diverging views of embryologists and geneticists about heredity and evolution. The two main reasons for this stemmed from research started in the 19th century. First, ... More


How the Geneticists Learned to Start Worrying and Love Mutation

Nathaniel Comfort

in The Science of Human Perfection: How Genes Became the Heart of American Medicine

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300169911
eISBN:
9780300188875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300169911.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter explains that the postwar period created a new professional and public environment for human genetics as the relationship between heredity and human health suddenly became an important ... More


Getting Their Organ

Nathaniel Comfort

in The Science of Human Perfection: How Genes Became the Heart of American Medicine

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300169911
eISBN:
9780300188875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300169911.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter argues that Victor McKusik was not the founder of medical genetics, but was rather a mere guide of the discipline as it transcended into becoming molecular genetics and genomics. The ... More


Shifting Disease Ontologies

Stefan Timmermans and Mara Buchbinder

in Saving Babies?: The Consequences of Newborn Genetic Screening

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226924977
eISBN:
9780226924991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226924991.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter introduces population-based screening programs as a technological catalyst. Such technological change agents are insufficient to consolidate new realities for diseases. Social scientists ... More


Is My Baby Normal?

Stefan Timmermans and Mara Buchbinder

in Saving Babies?: The Consequences of Newborn Genetic Screening

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226924977
eISBN:
9780226924991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226924991.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the medical consultation as a site where uncertainties regarding children’s ambiguous health status were worked out collectively as the child grew. One of the most pressing ... More


A Text Rhetorically Designed to Negotiate Different Interests and Beliefs

in Shaping Science with Rhetoric: The Cases of Dobzhansky, Schrodinger, and Wilson

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226099064
eISBN:
9780226099088
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226099088.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter shows that when the text and its intertextual antecedents and responses are examined from a rhetorical perspective, a solution to two controversies begins to take shape. A rhetorical ... More


Human Heredity and Eugenics Make Their International Debut

in The Nazi Symbiosis: Human Genetics and Politics in the Third Reich

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226891767
eISBN:
9780226891798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226891798.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter introduces some of the major internationally renowned human geneticists and eugenicists who laid the foundations of this new science since the turn of the twentieth century, including ... More


The Politics of Professional Talk

in The Nazi Symbiosis: Human Genetics and Politics in the Third Reich

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226891767
eISBN:
9780226891798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226891798.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the political aspects of the participation of German geneticists in national and international conferences, explaining that Nazi officials provided these geneticists with the ... More


Conclusion The Road Not Taken Elsewhere: Was There Something Unique about Human Heredity During the Third Reich?

in The Nazi Symbiosis: Human Genetics and Politics in the Third Reich

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226891767
eISBN:
9780226891798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226891798.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter, which sums up the key findings of this study about the “Faustian bargain” made by German geneticists with Nazi officials, suggests that the main factor in this deal is the way human ... More


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