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Evolutionary Conservation Genetics

Jacob Höglund

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199214211
eISBN:
9780191706660
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214211.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Conservation genetics focuses on understanding the role and requirement of genetic variation for population persistence. However, considerable debate now surrounds the role of genetic factors (as ... More


Genetic epidemiology

Harry Campbell and Susan Service

in Teaching Epidemiology: A guide for teachers in epidemiology, public health and clinical medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199239481
eISBN:
9780191716973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239481.003.012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

A major challenge for epidemiology in the future is understanding the role of genetic risk factors and how genetic factors interact with environmental factors in causing disease. There is a clear ... More


Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition: Building the evidence for using genetic information to improve health and prevent disease

Muin Khoury, Sara Bedrosian, Marta Gwinn, Julian Higgins, John Ioannidis, and Julian Little (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398441
eISBN:
9780199776023
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398441.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The first edition of Human Genome Epidemiology, published in 2004, discussed how the epidemiologic approach provides an important scientific foundation for studying the continuum from gene discovery ... More


Genes as a Source of Risk for Mental Disorders

Peter P. Zandi, Holly C. Wilcox, Lulu Dong, Sandy Chon, and Brion Maher

in Public Mental Health

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195390445
eISBN:
9780199950416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390445.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter explores the current understanding of how genetic factors contribute to human mental health in general, and in particular how they lead to disturbances that can affect public mental ... More


Navigating the evolving knowledge of human genetic variation in health and disease

Marta Gwinn and Wei Yu

in Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition: Building the evidence for using genetic information to improve health and prevent disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398441
eISBN:
9780199776023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398441.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents an overview of evolving methods for tracking and compiling information on genetic factors in disease. It discusses bioinformatics, the Human Genome Epidemiology Network ... More


Genetic Predictors of Obesity

Frank B. Hu

in Obesity Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195312911
eISBN:
9780199865260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195312911.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a review of the genetic factors underlying monogenic and syndromic forms of obesity. It describes the genetics of common obesity, with a particular focus on results from ... More


Genetic, Sexual, and Hormonal Factors

JOHN W. RENFREW

in Aggression and Its Causes: A Biopsychosocial Approach

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195082302
eISBN:
9780199846894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082302.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines a study on the influence or the role of hormonal, sexual, and genetic factors in aggression. The findings reveal that genetic factors have more of a preparatory role when they ... More


Geographical variation in orangutan long calls

Roberto A. Delgado, Adriano R. Lameira, Marina Davila Ross, Simon J. Husson, Helen C. Morrogh-Bernard, and Serge A. Wich

in Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213276
eISBN:
9780191707568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Information on geographic variation in vocal signalling is important because it complements data used to infer phylogenetic relationships, has the potential to help understand call development, and ... More


Summary and Conclusions

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle longitudinal study

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156737
eISBN:
9780199786817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter presents conclusions from the Seattle Longitudinal Study. The lessons learned are reviewed in the context of the five questions considered in this book regarding the life course of ... More


Brain Development: Normal Processes and the Effects of Alcohol and Nicotine

Michael W. Miller (ed.)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195183139
eISBN:
9780199865147
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183139.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This is the first book about both normal development of the nervous system and how early exposure to alcohol and nicotine interferes with this development. The developing nervous system is highly ... More


Neurodevelopmental Disabilities

Lorene M. Nelson, Caroline M. Tanner, Stephen K. Van Den Eeden, and Valerie M. McGuire

in Neuroepidemiology: From principles to practice

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133790
eISBN:
9780199863730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133790.003.15
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The topic of this chapter is neurodevelopmental disabilities, with discussion focused on three prototypic neurodevelopmental disorders: mental retardation, autism, and cerebral palsy. These disorders ... More


Cancer biology

Peter Hoskin and Wendy Makin

in Oncology for Palliative Medicine

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192628114
eISBN:
9780191730115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628114.003.0002
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

Malignant cells differ from normal tissues in a number of fundamental properties. The malignancy in cells is a result of the changes in the genetic make-up of the cells. Changes in the sequences of ... More


Memory Ability during Middle Childhood and Early Adolescence in the Colorado Adoption Project

Stephen A. Petrill and Sally-Ann Rhea

in Nature, Nurture, and the Transition to Early Adolescence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195157475
eISBN:
9780199848065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157475.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter explores memory ability in the Colorado Adoption Project (CAP) at ages nine, ten, twelve, and fourteen. Although memory has been examined ... More


Public health assessment of genetic susceptibility to infectious diseases: malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV

Janet M McNicholl, Marie V. Downer, Michael Aidoo, Thomas Hodge, and Venkatachalam Udhayakumar

in Genetics and Public Health in the 21st Century: Using Genetic Information to Improve Health and Prevent Disease

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195128307
eISBN:
9780199864485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195128307.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The understanding of the host genetic factors that influence susceptibility to and the course of infectious diseases is growing rapidly. Even for the most common pathogens, however, there is an ... More


Applying genetic strategies to prevent atherosclerosis

Roger R. Williams, Paul N. Hopkins, Lily L. Wu, and Steven C. Hunt

in Genetics and Public Health in the 21st Century: Using Genetic Information to Improve Health and Prevent Disease

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195128307
eISBN:
9780199864485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195128307.003.0024
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Atherosclerotic disease of coronary and cerebral arteries accounts for almost half of all deaths in the United States each year. Heart attacks and strokes are often attributable to inherited ... More


Genetic Influences on Temperament in Early Adolescence: A Multimethod Perspective

Jeffrey R. Gagne, Kimberly J. Saudino, and Stacey S. Cherny

in Nature, Nurture, and the Transition to Early Adolescence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195157475
eISBN:
9780199848065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157475.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Although twin studies of infant and child temperament consistently yield evidence of moderate genetic influences, adoption studies do not. For example, ... More


Practical and ethical considerations in personal genomics

Joel T. Dudley

in Exploring Personal Genomics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199644483
eISBN:
9780191774577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644483.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the reasons and considerations that are often taken into account whenever someone wishes to obtain their personal genetic information. It stresses the importance of being ... More


Developmental Analysis of IQ

E. G. Bishop, Stacey S. Cherny, and John K. Hewitt

in Nature, Nurture, and the Transition to Early Adolescence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195157475
eISBN:
9780199848065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157475.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter describes some aspects of the development of general cognitive ability from infancy through the transition to early adolescence. This is ... More


Alcohol

JAMES R. MARSHALL and JO FREUDENHEIM

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins by summarizing current understanding of the mechanisms by which alcohol might affect cancer risk and then evaluates the molecular genetic factors that appear relevant to alcohol ... More


Genetics in Dietary Analyses

Walter Willett

in Nutritional Epidemiology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199754038
eISBN:
9780199979448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754038.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Nutritionists have long known that differences exist among individuals in their responses to the same dietary change, and it was assumed that many of these differences were due to unmeasurable ... More


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