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Genetically Modified Planet: Environmental Impacts of Genetically Engineered Plants

C. Neal Stewart

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195157451
eISBN:
9780199790388
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157451.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biotechnology

From years prior to the release of the first commercial transgenic crop in 1995 to the present, many concerned activists, regulators, and scientists have questioned how genetic engineering might ... More


Clonality: The Genetics, Ecology, and Evolution of Sexual Abstinence in Vertebrate Animals

John C. Avise

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195369670
eISBN:
9780199871063
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369670.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

About 99.9% of vertebrate species reproduce sexually. This makes the exceptional 0.1%—the asexual or clonal reproducers—fascinating in their own right, and also uniquely instructive about the ... More


WHO CAN WE TRUST?

Pamela C. Ronald and Raoul W. Adamchak

in Tomorrow's Table: Organic Farming, Genetics, and the Future of Food

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195301755
eISBN:
9780199867196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301755.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

To make decisions successfully on how to use GE for the betterment of humankind and the environment, the public will need to understand the scientific process and learn to distinguish high-quality ... More


Creation Ethics: Reproduction, Genetics, and Quality of Life

David DeGrazia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195389630
eISBN:
9780199949731
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389630.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The ethics of creating—or declining to create—people has been addressed in several contexts: debates over abortion and embryo research; literature on “self-creation”; discussions of procreative ... More


Specific Firm Challenges, 1979–83

Maureen D. McKelvey

in Evolutionary Innovations: The Business of Biotechnology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297246
eISBN:
9780191685316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297246.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Knowledge Management

This chapter examines the technical and economic challenges and opportunities which firms acted upon to integrate genetic engineering techniques into functioning production systems. These challenges ... More


Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Rosalind James and Theresa L. Pitts-Singer (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Bees play a vital role as pollinators for many agricultural crops. This book discusses the interplay between bees, agriculture, and the environment. Although honey bees are well recognized as ... More


Evolutionary Innovations: The Business of Biotechnology

Maureen McKelvey

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297246
eISBN:
9780191685316
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297246.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Knowledge Management

This book examines the initial commercial uses of genetic engineering. Genetic engineering is one of the most modern, controversial and dynamic of the science-based technologies. It is not an object, ... More


Generating Research: the Mid- to Late 1970s

Maureen D. McKelvey

in Evolutionary Innovations: The Business of Biotechnology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297246
eISBN:
9780191685316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297246.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Knowledge Management

This chapter continues the analysis of early scientific and technological activities in the late 1970s which is now relevant to the commercial uses of genetic engineering. In late 1977, the ... More


Understanding Genetic Engineering

Maureen D. McKelvey

in Evolutionary Innovations: The Business of Biotechnology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297246
eISBN:
9780191685316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297246.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Knowledge Management

This chapter discusses the use of genetic engineering to make pharmaceuticals available for human medical use. It focuses in particular on human growth hormone (hGH) and to lesser extent, on insulin. ... More


What Won’t Work: Tradeof-Blind Biotechnology

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers the challenge of improving crop resource-use efficiency using biotechnology or traditional plant breeding. It argues that some of biotechnology's stated goals, such as more ... More


Human-Sponsored Clonality

John C. Avise

in Clonality: The Genetics, Ecology, and Evolution of Sexual Abstinence in Vertebrate Animals

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195369670
eISBN:
9780199871063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369670.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Cloning by human hands can mean many things. It can refer to the intentional clonal propagation, via recombinant-DNA technologies, of small bits of a genome such as particular genes or regulatory DNA ... More


IS GE FOOD RISKY TO EAT?

Pamela C. Ronald and Raoul W. Adamchak

in Tomorrow's Table: Organic Farming, Genetics, and the Future of Food

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195301755
eISBN:
9780199867196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301755.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter discusses the potential risk and benefits of GE. For most humans, all the essentials of life — food, family, and work have associated risks. Does GE technology have potential for saving ... More


Islamic Bioethics — Recent Developments

Abdulaziz Sachedina

in Islamic Biomedical Ethics Principles and Application

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195378504
eISBN:
9780199869688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378504.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The last chapter takes up recent advancements in medicine and biotechnology that have entailed forms of experimentation in which humans—especially the most vulnerable humans (infants, pregnant women, ... More


Tomorrow's Table: Organic Farming, Genetics, and the Future of Food

Pamela C. Ronald and Raoul W. Adamchak

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195301755
eISBN:
9780199867196
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301755.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

In modern agricultural politics, organic farming and genetic engineering occupy opposite ends of the spectrum. In the Ronald-Adamchak household, the world is not so black and white. Ronald is a ... More


Ethics and Humanity: Themes from the Philosophy of Jonathan Glover

N. Ann Davis, Richard Keshen, and Jeff McMahan (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325195
eISBN:
9780199776412
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325195.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This book pays to tribute to Jonathan Glover, a pioneering figure whose thought and personal influence have had a significant impact on applied philosophy. In topics that include genetic engineering, ... More


WHO OWNS THE GENES?

Pamela C. Ronald and Raoul W. Adamchak

in Tomorrow's Table: Organic Farming, Genetics, and the Future of Food

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195301755
eISBN:
9780199867196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301755.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter discusses patents and how to ensure that GE breakthroughs and useful technologies benefit less developed countries in Africa and small farmers in rice and other crops.


Conclusions for Science and Technology

Maureen D. McKelvey

in Evolutionary Innovations: The Business of Biotechnology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297246
eISBN:
9780191685316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297246.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Knowledge Management

This chapter draws some conclusions about science and technology based on the theoretical and empirical discussions in previous chapters. Both scientific and technological activities involve ... More


Introduction

Maureen D. McKelvey

in Evolutionary Innovations: The Business of Biotechnology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297246
eISBN:
9780191685316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297246.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Knowledge Management

This chapter gives an overview of the book, which arises from a conviction that technological changes, or innovations, are crucial processes underlying dynamic change in advanced market economies. ... More


The Domestic Sources of the Conflict: Why the US and EU Biotech Regulatory Regimes Differ

Mark A. Pollack and Gregory C. Shaffer

in When Cooperation Fails: The International Law and Politics of Genetically Modified Foods

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199237289
eISBN:
9780191696732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237289.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter introduces the technology of genetic engineering and addresses the arguments of both its advocates and its sceptics. The chapter is organized in five parts. Part 1 introduces the new ... More


CULTIVATING RICE IN NIHE, CHINA, AND DAVIS, CALIFORNIA

Pamela C. Ronald and Raoul W. Adamchak

in Tomorrow's Table: Organic Farming, Genetics, and the Future of Food

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195301755
eISBN:
9780199867196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301755.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Rice was first cultivated along the Yangtze River 6000 years ago. Genetics and breeding has been used to improve rice production. This chapter charts this progress and discusses the consequences.


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