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The Genetics of Exotic Bird Introductions

Tim M. Blackburn, Julie L. Lockwood, and Phillip Cassey

in Avian Invasions: The Ecology and Evolution of Exotic Birds

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199232543
eISBN:
9780191715983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232543.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter considers the long-term outcomes of exotic bird establishment in terms of the propensity for evolution in exotic bird populations. It shows that exotic birds have occasionally lost ... More


Negative Selection and the Neutral Theory of Molecular Evolution

Norman A. Johnson

in Darwinian Detectives: Revealing the Natural History of Genes and Genomes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195306750
eISBN:
9780199790203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306750.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Natural selection is not the only evolutionary “force” that can alter frequencies of genetic variants; random genetic drift (a sampling process) persistently changes the gene pool of populations, ... More


The extinction vortex, is genetic variation related to extinction?

Jacob Höglund

in Evolutionary Conservation Genetics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199214211
eISBN:
9780191706660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214211.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter begins with a brief introduction to the focus of this book, which is the idea that extinction of species is somehow related to loss of genetic variation. Theoretical considerations ... More


Natural Selection and Genetic Drift: Their Role in Evolutionary Change

John O. Reiss

in Not by Design: Retiring Darwin's Watchmaker

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520258938
eISBN:
9780520944404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520258938.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores the fundamental distinction between natural selection and genetic drift, starting from a consideration of how they are measured, and suggests that it may not be as fundamental ... More


Extraordinary Population Structure among the Baining of New Britain

Jason A. Wilder and Michael F. Hammer

in Population Genetics, Linguistics, and Culture History in the Southwest Pacific

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195300307
eISBN:
9780199790142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300307.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines with four unlinked loci the extent of divergence between two linguistically related Baining groups in New Britain. Although they are linguistically related and are less than 100 ... More


The horizontal genome

Antonio Fontdevila

in The Dynamic Genome: A Darwinian Approach

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199541379
eISBN:
9780191728532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541379.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Developmental Biology

This chapter reports data, mainly from comparative genomics, which confirm a long-suspected high rate of interspecies gene flow due to hybridisation. It also reports the present interest in hybrids ... More


Evolutionary genetics

Robert L. Perlman

in Evolution and Medicine

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199661718
eISBN:
9780191774720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661718.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Evolution is often thought of in genetic terms, as a change in allele frequencies and in the phenotypes associated with these alleles in populations over time. Several evolutionary processes in ... More


Not by Design: Retiring Darwin's Watchmaker

John Reiss

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520258938
eISBN:
9780520944404
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520258938.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

More than two centuries ago, William Paley introduced his famous metaphor of the universe as a watch made by the Creator. For him, the exquisite structure of the universe necessitated a designer. ... More


Genetics and evolutionary ecology

Otso Ovaskainen, Henrik Johan de Knegt, and Maria del Mar Delgado

in Quantitative Ecology and Evolutionary Biology: Integrating models with data

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198714866
eISBN:
9780191783210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714866.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter introduces mathematical and statistical modelling approaches in genetics and evolutionary ecology. It starts with a conceptual section, continues with mathematical and statistical ... More


Evolutionary genetics of small populations

Richard Frankham, Jonathan D. Ballou, Katherine Ralls, Mark D. B. Eldridge, Michele R. Dudash, Charles B. Fenster, Robert C. Lacy, and Paul Sunnucks

in Genetic Management of Fragmented Animal and Plant Populations

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198783398
eISBN:
9780191826313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198783398.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Genetic management of fragmented populations involves the application of evolutionary genetic theory and knowledge to alleviate problems due to inbreeding and loss of genetic diversity in small ... More


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